CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce that several of its associate researchers and PhD students will participate in the international scientific conference “Borders and Territorial Reconfigurations in the Middle East and the Sahel”, organized by CEDEJ, to be held from January 30th to 31st, 2017, in Aswan, at the Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport.
Our associate researchers and PhD students will participate in the Panel 2 « Borders, mobilities and state making« , on January 30th.
Dr Hassan Elhagali, Professor of Political science at the University of Khartoum and Associate Researcher at CEDEJ Khartoum, will chair this panel.
Géraldine Pinauldt (IFG, univ. Paris 8) and Nathalie Coste (CERI- Sciences Po Paris/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present together a joint paper entitled « Somaliland et Soudan du Sud : Des précurseurs à la marge des bouleversements frontaliers au Moyen-Orient et au Sahel. Création d’Etat et identité(s) nationale(s), entre reconfiguration et statu quo ».
Netsereab Ghebremichael Andom (univ. of Khartoum/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present » Migrant Influxes and their Implications to Border and Territorial Reconfigurations in SSA: The Case of Eritrea and Sudan ».
Bashir Shariff (univ. of Khartoum/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present « Thinking Islamic Borders in the Horn of Africa ».
The programme of the conference is available online : https://assouan2017.wordpress.com/
CEDEJ Khartoum is thankful to Institut Français for providing its support to fund the travel and stay to Aswan of these researchers and PhD students.
CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to organize the conference « Metropolization and Liminal Spaces in Greater Khartoum » on Sunday 30th October, 2016 at the University of Khartoum.
This conference heralded the end of a two-year research programme entitled « Metro 2 Sudan » and conducted by a Sudanese/international team of researchers and students from the CEDEJ Khartoum and from the University of Khartoum.
This research programme has received support from the AUF (Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie) as well as several other partners (Paris 8 University/LAVUE, the French ministry of Foreign Affairs/Campus France and the Sudanese ministry of Higher Education).
« Metro 2 Sudan » aimed at analyzing the interplay of actors and power relationships built around these areas that have a rural/urban interface in the Greater Khartoum. These spaces exist at various scales and in various inter-crossed parameters: functionally and economically, it refers to residential, industrial, agricultural, livestock or of « wasteland » areas; socio-spatially and in terms of housing, it refers to luxury compounds, former IDP camps, rural villages which were recently encompassed in the capital; administratively and legally, it refers to urban neighborhoods, rural or urban administrative units; socio-culturally and anthropologically, reconfigurations are varied, in regards to ethnic, tribal, religious and statutory affiliations.
[9:30-10 am] – INTRODUCTION
Alice FRANCK – Programme Coordinator (CEDEJ Khartoum/University Paris 1): METRO2 objectives, participants, partnerships, fieldworks
Barbara CASCIARRI – Co-coordinator (University Paris 8 – LAVUE): ethnographical and anthropological approaches of in-betweenness
[10-12 pm] – PANEL 1: IN-BETWEENNESS: THE WATERSHED OF 2011 AND THE CREATION OF TWO SUDANS. SOUTHERN-SUDANESES BEFORE AND AFTER SEPARATION
The first panel focuses on the situation of Southerners (living in Northern Sudan, notably in Greater Khartoum) after the separation of South Sudan. Though, more generally, we can question whether this major political event constitutes a globally meaningful and all-explanatory watershed, nonetheless it is a matter of fact that this category of people has more visibly been targeted by the post-2011 dynamics of change and marginalization. The panel papers share a twofold focus: first, the one on 2011 as a temporal dividing-line bringing to new configuration of Southerners who willingly or not passed from a status to another; second, the variety of in-between spaces in which they are caught as far as citizenship, territorial and land access, social relations and cultural perceptions are concerned.
Azza AHMED ABDEL AZIZ – The In-betweenness of Southerners in Khartoum: Recasting Different Registers of Status through Narrative and Experience
Mohamed AG BAKHIT – The ‘community’ citizenship status for Southern Sudanese in Khartoum. The case of Al-Baraka
Katarzyna GRABSKA – Negotiating citizenship and belonging in displacement: Nuer in Khartoum
Alice FRANCK – The second urban marginalization: Southerners in popular neighbourhoods of Greater Khartoum from a land property analysis
[12-1:30 pm] – **LUNCH BREAK**
[1:30-4 pm] –PANEL 2 – IN-BETWEENNESS: PLURAL EXPRESSIONS OF MATERIAL AND SYMBOLIC LIMINALITY. GEOGRAPHICAL, SOCIO-POLITICAL AND LEGAL IN-BETWEEN SPACES
The second panel focuses on the multiplicity of contemporary contexts in which Sudanese people are livingsituations where the fluidity of borders makes experience a status of in-betweenness at different levels and with various effects. The panel papers are not strictly focusing on the 2011 events as a breaking point, they rather underline the variety of situations where the notion of in-betweenness may be a useful analytical tool for understanding ongoing social realities: the relation between shifting urban and rural spaces, the transitional political arena, the identity processes influenced by marriage strategies, the legal pluralism and ambiguous land issues entangled with communities’ reconfigurations and rights.
President: Munzul ASSAL / Chairperson: Abdelghaffar MOHAMED AHMED
Barbara CASCIARRI & Alice FRANCK – Reconfigurations of the pastoral and agricultural in-betweenness in Khartoum State. Insights on the ‘urbanization of neoliberalism’
Clément DESHAYES – New socio-political actors: the stakes of categorisation and political reproduction
Peter MILLER – Whom to marry? An ethnographic study of marriage practices and strategies amongst upper-middle class city-dwellers
Hind M YUSUF – The Impact of urbanization on education processes: Youth’s life strategies in Al-Fatah
Mohamed A BABIKER – Between Law and Practices. Rendering vulnerable displaced and stateless on issues of land and identity
[4–4:30 pm] – **COFFEE BREAK**
[4:30–5:30 pm] – CONCLUSIONS
Stella GAYTANO – Identity
ROUNDTABLE AND DEBATE: SYNTHESIS AND PERSPECTIVES (moderator: Jean-Nicolas BACH, Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum)
CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to organize a meeting on September 25th between its researchers/students and Dr Hamit Bozarslan.
Hamit Bozarslan was born in 1958 in Lice, in Turkey. He holds a PhD in history from the School of Higher Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS), Paris and a PhD in Political Science from the Institute of Political Studies (IEP). His main areas of research interests are: Turkey, the Kurdish issue, minorities in the Middle-East, history and sociology of violence in the Middle-East.
Hamit Bozarslan was a research fellow at the Marc Bloch Centre (Berlin) between 1995 and 1997 and a visiting scholar at Princeton in 1998. He was nominated associate professor (1998) and director of studies (2006) at the EHESS. He co-led the IISMM (Institute for the study of Islam and Muslim societies worldwide) between 2002 and 2008. Hamit Bozarslan is currently Director of Studies at the EHESS (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales) in Paris. His most recent publications include Comprendre le génocide des arméniens, de 1915 à nos jours, with Raymond Kevorkian and Vincent Duclert (Paris, Tallandier, 2015), Histoire de la Turquie de l’Empire à nos jours (Paris, Tallandier, 2013), Sociologie politique du Moyen-Orient (Paris, La Découverte, 2011) and Passions révolutionnaires. Amérique latine, Moyen-Orient, Inde (with Gilles Bataillon & Christophe Jaffrelot, Paris, Éditions de l’EHESS, 2011).
CEDEJ Khartoum was very pleased to have Dr Jean-Pierre Filiu’s visit on December 17th for a meeting about Islam with several researchers who contributed to the CEDEJ Research programme « Islam and Society in Sudan ».
Since 2006, Dr Jean-Pierre Filiu is Professor of Contemporary History of the Middle East at Sciences Po University. There, he is also a member of the Department of History and teaches in the Paris School of International Affairs (PSIA).
He graduated from Sciences Po University in 1981 and from the National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations (INALCO) (diploma in Chinese in 1983 and in written Arabic in 1985).
He obtained his PhD at Sciences Po University in History (1985) as well as the authorization to supervise research (2008). He was also a visiting professor at the American universities of Columbia and Georgetown.
Dr Jean-Pierre Filiu joined the CERI, the Center of International Research in Sciences Po University in 2009.
From 1988 to 2006, Dr Jean-Pierre Filiu was Adviser for Foreign Affairs in the embassies of France in Syria, Tunisia and Jordan. He this capacity, he also worked in the offices of the Minister of the Interior (1990-1991), the Minister of Defence (1991-1993) and the Prime Minister (2000-2002).
The President François Hollande appointed Dr Jean-Pierre Filiu in 2012 as Member of the Committee for the drafting of the White Paper on Defense and National Security.
You can read two of his recent articles (in French) dealing with Sudan on his blog:
CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to receive on January 12th, 2016 Dr Stéphane Lacroix, for his seminar « Fieldwork on Islamism: Methodological Issues ».
Dr Stéphane Lacroix is an expert on the Arab World and holds a PhD in political science. He is currently a professor at Sciences Po University and is equally affiliated to CEDEJ Cairo as a senior researcher. His research primarily focuses on political authoritarianism and on the resistance it generates, on social movements and on the relationship between Islam and politics in the contemporary era. Islamist movements lie at the heart of his research, both from the sociological perspective of mobilizations and that of intellectual history. His authoritative fieldwork sites are Saudi Arabia and Egypt. ◼
On November 14th, CEDEJ Khartoum has organized a documentary screening, followed by a discussion with the renowned Researcher specialized on migrations issues, Dr Catherine WIHTOL DE WENDEN.
Dr Catherine WIHTOL DE WENDEN holds a Ph.D. in political science from Sciences Po. She is a regular consultant for the OECD, the European Commission, UNHCR, and the Council of Europe. She is the Chair of the Research Committee on Migrations of the International Society of Sociology since 2002; she is a member of the Commission nationale de déontologie de la sécurité from 2003 to 2011; she is a member of the editorial boards of Hommes et migrations, Migrations société, andEsprit. She is a lawyer and a political scientist. Her research focuses on the relationship between migrations and politics in France, migration flows, migration policies and citizenship in Europe and in the rest of the world.
For her visit in CEDEJ-K, we screened the documentary « Time tolookatgirls: migrantsin BangladeshandEthiopia »(directed by Marco SPERONI, 31 minutes – 2015), produced and researched by Katarzyna GRABSKA, Nicoletta DEL FRANCO and Marina DE REGT.
« Time tolookatgirls: migrantsin BangladeshandEthiopia »
Based on research funded by the Swiss Network of International Studies, Girl Effect Ethiopia, Terre des Hommes, University of Sussex, UK and the Feminist Review Trust
The increasing number of girls who move to cities is a momentous global change Why are adolescent girls migrating and what happens to them? How are their families and close ones affected? What are the constraints and opportunities linked to migration for adolescent girls?
Bangladesh and Ethiopia are two examples of countries where girls’ independent migration is on the rise. This film explores the circumstances, decision-making, experiences and consequences of migration for adolescent girls in Bangladesh and Ethiopia. It is based on a research project “Time to look at girls: adolescent girls’ migration and development” (January 2014-December 2015), that explores the links between migration of adolescent girls and economic, social and political factors that trigger their movements. It shows the agency and choices being made by adolescent girls in their diverse migration experiences.
More migrants move within their own country or region than migrate to Northern countries. Bangladesh and Ethiopia have been experiencing increasing high rates of the migration of adolescent girls to work. In Bangladesh they are found for example in garment and other manufacturing industries; working as maids; or in beauty parlours. In Ethiopia, migrant girls are mainly escaping early marriages, seeking better living conditions, or aspiring to continue their education. Most of them take up paid work as maids or sex workers.
The film is based on four parallel stories about the trajectories of migration of adolescent girls in Bangladesh and in Ethiopia. In Bangladesh, the film portrays Lota and Sharmeen who are employed in garment factories. In Ethiopia, the documentary follows the lives of Tigist and Helen, two internal migrant girls, who end up in sex work. This beautifully shot film provides space for the powerful voices of the migrant girls who speak about their own circumstances, experiences, dreams for the future.
Breaking away from the dominant focus on girls as victims of trafficking, this film gives evidence of the resilience, creativity and agency of young migrants girls who faced with difficult choices.
The documentary screening was followed by a discussion, in the presence of KatarzynaGRABSKA*, with Dr Catherine WIHTOL DE WENDEN.
We also had the great pleasure to have with us Dr.Hassan EL HAJ ALI, Dean of theFaculty of Economicand Social Sciences in the University of Khartoum.
*Dr Katarzyna GRABSKA is a Project Coordinator at the Global Migration Centre. She holds a BSc in International Relations from the London School of Economics and an MA in International Affairs and Conflict management from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. Her research interests focus on inter-linkages between conflict, forced displacement, gender, generations and rights. She has received her PhD in Development Studies/Anthropology from the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex, UK. Her research focuses on social transformations in the context of forced displacement and return among southern Sudanese refugees. She is particularly interested in intersections of power, gender identities and gender and generational relations in forced displacement situations and the impact of (forced) migration on youth.