Archives de catégorie : Publications

Arrivée d’un stagiaire

Le CEDEJ Khartoum est heureux  de vous annoncer l’arrivée de Vladimir Cayol. Il sera présent au CEDEJ jusqu’au 31 mars 2018. Il travaillera sur la mise en oeuvre du processus de Khartoum. Il tachera dans le cadre d’une publication à venir de comprendre comment ce programme se met en place à l’échelle locale et comment se coordonnent les différents acteurs chargés de le mettre en oeuvre.

PUBLICATION – Autoritarisme, hybridation et pratiques du pouvoir dans le Grand Khartoum : une étude des services de l’eau et du commerce de rue, par Laure Crombé et Guillaume Sauloup

Cet article propose une étude croisée des évolutions du commerce de rue et de l’approvisionnement en eau à Khartoum. Ces deux secteurs sont envisagés comme des révélateurs des restructurations de la gestion urbaine de l’agglomération. L’objectif de ce texte est d’interroger l’hybridation des réformes néolibérales, accrues depuis la moitié des années 2000, et des logiques de contrôle autoritaires. Cette approche s’appuie sur des enquêtes qualitatives auprès des acteurs quotidiens du service de l’eau et de la vente de rue, dans différents quartiers de la capitale soudanaise. La première partie revient brièvement sur l’évolution du régime autoritaire au Soudan, marquée par une adaptation à des modèles néolibéraux internationaux, et en interroge de possibles déclinaisons à Khartoum. Inspirés de ces modèles, les réformes de décentralisation et de privatisation génèrent un redéploiement de la bureaucratie de l’État à des niveaux intermédiaires, ainsi qu’une redistribution des prérogatives d’aménagement de l’espace urbain auprès de partenaires privés sélectionnés. D’autre part, dans les quartiers, l’intégration des récentes normes de gestion au sein des deux secteurs d’approvisionnement urbain conduit à l’imbrication de plusieurs logiques de contrôle, anciennes et nouvelles, qui redéfinissent les rapports d’autorité entre l’État et les citadins.

Continuer la lecture de PUBLICATION – Autoritarisme, hybridation et pratiques du pouvoir dans le Grand Khartoum : une étude des services de l’eau et du commerce de rue, par Laure Crombé et Guillaume Sauloup

PUBLICATION – Blood and the City, Animal Representations and Urban (Dis)orders during the ‘Feast of the Sacrifice’ in Istanbul and Khartoum, by Alice Franck, Jean Gardin and Olivier Givre

CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce the following recent publication:

Blood and the City

Animal Representations and Urban (Dis)orders during the ‘Feast of the Sacrifice’ in Istanbul and Khartoum

By Alice Franck, Jean Gardin and Olivier Givre

Volume 11 / 2016, Anthropology of the Middle East

Abstract

Based on comparative fieldwork studies of the Muslim ‘Feast of the Sacrifice’, this article questions the places, shapes and stakes of ritual animal death in the urban space. The examples of Istanbul (Turkey) and Khartoum (Sudan) illustrate different but comparable perceptions, practices and management of a ritual event simultaneously associated with religious traditions and confronted with deep transformations in urbanised and globalised societies. Between ritual normalcy and controversial practice, sacrifice in the city is not reducible to a religious matter but addresses at once spatial, social and cultural issues, informed by economic and political stakes. Through a ritual performance and its manifold aspects, the article explores the multiple and evolving representations of the place and role of animals (and their death) in an urban context.

PUBLICATION – Insécurité foncière généralisée à Khartoum : quand les titres de propriété ne protègent plus des prédations publiques, Alice Franck

Le CEDEJ Khartoum est heureux d’annoncer la dernière publication d’Alice Franck, géographe, maître de conférences à Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne et ancienne coordinatrice du CEDEJ Khartoum :

« Insécurité foncière généralisée à Khartoum : quand les titres de propriété ne protègent plus des prédations publiques », Métropolitiques, 11 novembre 2016.

Cliquez ici pour accéder à l’article complet.

PUBLICATION – Revue Egypte/Monde Arabe (EMA) n°14//2016 – Le Soudan après l’indépendance du Soudan du Sud, sous la direction d’Alice Franck & Elena Vezzadini

CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce the publication of the latest issue of Egypte/Monde Arabe (EMA) Journal on Sudan (n°14//2016):

« Sudan after the independence of South Sudan », directed by Alice Franck and Elena Vezzadini.

Most researchers and students who contributed to this issue are affiliated to CEDEJ Khartoum.

South Sudan officially gained independence on the 9th July 2011. This was the outcome of the peace agreement signed in January 2005 and in accordance with the national referendum of January 2011. This historic event, which should have put an end on the historical conflict between the Northern and Southern regions and communities, constituted a real challenge in term of adaptation, resilience and innovation for the whole of the society. In this unprecedented context of the birth of a new national territory, and the remodelling of existing spatial and political configurations, South Sudan has logically been at the centre of attention – whether this be from political actors, researchers or humanitarian donors. However, the North has been profoundly affected by this rupture as well. The intention of this issue is to shed light on some of these transformations.

 

 


 

Katarzyna Grabska’s recent publication in « Networks of Knowledge Production in Sudan. Identities, Mobilities, and Technologies »

CEDEJ Khartoum is happy to announce Katarzyna Grabska’s recent publication of a chapter entitled Eritrean Migratory Trajectories of Adolescence in Khartoum: (Im)mobility,  Identities, and Social Media in the collective book « Networks of Knowledge Production in Sudan. Identities, Mobilities, and Technologies » edited by Sondra Hale and Gada Kadoda (Lexington Books, Sept. 2016).

Dr Katarzyna Grabska is an associate researcher at CEDEJ Khartoum.51anycr4mil.

PUBLICATION – Exclusive Universities: Use and Misuse of Affirmative Action in Sudanese Higher Education, By Elise TENRET

CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce Elise Tenret’s recent publication « Exclusive Universities: Use and Misuse of Affirmative Action in Sudanese Higher Education » in Comparative Education Review (May 2016).

 

Abstract:

Although characterized by repeated ethnic conflicts, Sudan has implemented affirmative action at universities since the 1970s for students coming from war zones and remote areas. The implementation of compensatory measures has been promoted—somehow imposed—by the several peace treaties and by the massive expansion of higher education during the 1990s. The former have led to the creation of “special admission,” mainly for students coming from conflict zones; the latter has led to the creation of “state admissions,” which favor local recruitment for the newly created universities. However, those measures have proved inefficient for several reasons: first, the lack of consistency of the policy; second, the lack of political will; third, the lack of monitoring. The wider context—the liberalization of higher education and the independence of South Sudan—has also contributed to diminishing the scope of the policy.◼

Elise Tenret, « Exclusive Universities: Use and Misuse of Affirmative Action in Sudanese Higher Education, » Comparative Education Review 60, no. 2 (May 2016): 375-402.

PUBLICATION – Pathways of Accumulation in Sudan: The Case of Darfurian Cross-Border Traders, by Raphaëlle Chevrillon-Guibert

CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce Raphaëlle Chevrillon-Guibert’s recent publication : « Les commerçants zaghawa du Darfour (Soudan) : des passeurs de frontières » [Pathways of Accumulation in Sudan: The Case of Darfurian Cross-Border Traders] in Territoire en mouvement Revue de géographie et aménagement.

Continuer la lecture de PUBLICATION – Pathways of Accumulation in Sudan: The Case of Darfurian Cross-Border Traders, by Raphaëlle Chevrillon-Guibert

RESULTS OF OUR Photo/Cartoon Contest On The Separation Of Sudan // Cover Book For Our Special Issue On Sudan In EMA Journal

JURY RESULTS

Photo/Cartoon Contest On The Separation Of Sudan // Cover Book For Our Special Issue On Sudan In EMA Journal

Help us to find the best cover book for our special issue on Sudan in EMA (Egypte Monde Arabe) Journal*!

This summer, in EMA Journal, CEDEJ Khartoum will publish a special issue on Sudan entitled “The Sudan, five years after the independence of South Sudan: which reconfigurations, transformations, and evolutions in the “North”? » (Please find below a more detailed description**)

Continuer la lecture de RESULTS OF OUR Photo/Cartoon Contest On The Separation Of Sudan // Cover Book For Our Special Issue On Sudan In EMA Journal

PUBLICATION – Soudan – La CPI et le crime de génocide : Manoeuvres politiques et statut des minorités au Darfour, par Philippe GOUT

Soudan – La CPI et le crime de génocide :
Manoeuvres politiques et statut des minorités au Darfour

par Philippe GOUT

Article publié sur le site de Noria, think tank et réseau d’experts en relations internationales

Cette enquête (en anglais) porte sur l’échec de la Cour Pénale Internationale (CPI) au Soudan. En se focalisant sur le Président soudanais Omar El-Béchir afin d’obtenir son arrestation, l’action de la CPI et les manœuvres politiques autour de la qualification de génocide, ont eu des effets dramatiques sur la catégorisation des minorités au Darfour.

De ce travail se dégagent trois conclusions majeures :

Continuer la lecture de PUBLICATION – Soudan – La CPI et le crime de génocide : Manoeuvres politiques et statut des minorités au Darfour, par Philippe GOUT

PUBLICATION – Complications in the classification of conflict areas and conflicts actors for the identification of ‘conflict gold’ from Sudan, by DR ENRICO ILLE

CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce Dr Enrico Ille’s recent publication :

Complications in the classification of conflict areas and conflicts actors for the identification of ‘conflict gold’ from Sudan

 

This article discusses a recent call to include gold from Sudan in the ‘conflict gold’ category of global supply chains. The call reacts to Sudan’s protracted violent conflicts, as well as a recent surge in gold mining that became of essential importance for governmental policies after most of the country’s oil reserves were lost with South Sudan’s independence in 2011. The extension of gold mining in areas with violent conflicts, so the call’s demand, requires due diligence concerning gold from Sudan and an extension of sanctions to conflict actors benefiting from it. On this basis, the article reviews critically the contradictions that arise from the convention to both define territorial conflict areas and collective conflict actors, and connect due diligence to case-by-case assessment, representing an attempt to concomitantly advocate human rights and preserve investment opportunities. Further complications arise from contradictions between state sovereignty and international humanitarian law, as well as the complexities of violent conflicts whose causes cannot be readily identified and targeted. The author argues that this results in numerous ambiguities of situation assessments and planned interventions, which have to be acknowledged if unintended negative consequences are sought to be reduced.

Published in:

The Extractive Industries and Society, Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2016, Pages 193–203

On the topic of gold mining, see also Jérôme Tubiana’s recent article in Foreign Affairs : https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/chad/2016-02-24/after-libya-rush-gold-and-guns  ◼

PUBLICATION – Identity and Lifestyles Construction in Multi-ethnic Shantytowns: a case study of Al-Baraka community in Khartoum, Sudan, BY DR MOHAMED BAKHIT

This research investigates the processes and dynamics of identity formation in multi-ethnic communities in shantytowns in Sudan’s capital Khartoum. Recent studies suggest that in Sudan, conflicts are influenced by ethnic identity struggle at the national level between Arab ethnic groups versus African ethnic groups including also all other bilateral cultural divides (e.g. Muslims/Christians, Arabic language/local languages). The main aim of the research is to specify the different kinds of identities (e.g. ethnic, urban, class) that individuals and groups adopt as well as the reasons for this adoption. The theories and approaches used in this study include structural-functionalism, the historical approach (New-Marxism), and the situational/circumstantialist approach. I mainly use the situational/circumstantialist approach to explore and analyze the phenomenon. The research is based on intensive fieldwork, following day-to-day life of people, and on grounded theory method to analyze and interpret the processes of identity formation in Elbaraka area in Khartoum. ◼

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