Monthly Seminar at CEDEJ Khartoum
Next Monday 23rd January 2017
16:30 – 18:00
CEDEJ Khartoum is very pleased to welcome
Azza Mustafa Mohammed Ahmed, University of Khartoum
Who will present her PhD research on
Democracy and Political Parties in the Arab World. Case Study: Sudan and Lebanon
On this occasion, we will have the pleasure of receiving Pascal Boniface – the Director of the French Institute for International and Strategic Affairs (IRIS, Paris).
The present research examines democracy in the Arab World with an emphasis on comparing democracies in both of Sudan and Lebanon. It analyses the variance and similarity between the two cases; and identifies the political, social and cultural reasons and factors that led to the hindering of establishing democracy in Sudan in contrast to its relative success in Lebanon. The research examines the role of political parties and their discourses are compatible with their social and political objectives.
CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce that several of its associate researchers and PhD students will participate in the international scientific conference “Borders and Territorial Reconfigurations in the Middle East and the Sahel”, organized by CEDEJ, to be held from January 30th to 31st, 2017, in Aswan, at the Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport.
Dr Hassan Elhagali, Professor of Political science at the University of Khartoum and Associate Researcher at CEDEJ Khartoum, will chair this panel.
Géraldine Pinauldt (IFG, univ. Paris 8) and Nathalie Coste (CERI- Sciences Po Paris/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present together a joint paper entitled « Somaliland et Soudan du Sud : Des précurseurs à la marge des bouleversements frontaliers au Moyen-Orient et au Sahel. Création d’Etat et identité(s) nationale(s), entre reconfiguration et statu quo ».
Netsereab Ghebremichael Andom (univ. of Khartoum/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present » Migrant Influxes and their Implications to Border and Territorial Reconfigurations in SSA: The Case of Eritrea and Sudan ».
Bashir Shariff (univ. of Khartoum/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present « Thinking Islamic Borders in the Horn of Africa ».
The programme of the conference is available online : https://assouan2017.wordpress.com/
CEDEJ Khartoum is thankful to Institut Français for providing its support to fund the travel and stay to Aswan of these researchers and PhD students.
CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce that the African Studies Association awarded the 2016 Bethwell A. Ogot Prize to Elena Vezzadini’s book « Lost Nationalism Revolution, Memory and Anti-colonial Resistance in Sudan » (James Currey Press, 2015) for the best book on East African Studies.
As the jury of the African Studies Association wrote:
« Lost Nationalism offers a history of a formative yet largely forgotten event, Sudan’s 1924 Revolution, in which insurgents from the ‘White Flag League’ attempted to overthrown the British colonial state in the name of unity with Egypt. Vezzadini connects this event to a host of regional and global developments, forcing us to rethink the role and utility of identifying ‘revolutions’ in African History. The core argument – that nationalism in 1924 Sudan should be understood not as an external dislocation but rather as the result of deliberate internal social movements – not only challenges and revises existing Sudanese historiography, but also asks us to re-interrogate more broadly the relationship between revolution and nationalism during the twentieth century. This also reopens a rather old-fashioned topic, nationalism, to a very productive regional and chronological reframing, around issues of race, class, status, communicative action and ‘knowledge panics’, with inspirational effect. With a stunning depth and breadth of research, Vezzadini has produced a kind of ‘total’ event history, the foundation of which is a sustained socio-economic analysis of those who joined the revolution, to produce an important alternative account of an event deliberately orphaned by both embarrassed British officials and subsequent Sudanese nationalists. »
Katarzyna Grabska, associate researcher at CEDEJ Khartoum and at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies of Geneva (IHEID), coordinated from January 2014 to December 2015 the research programme « Time to Look at Girls: Adolescent Girls Migration and Development » with Nicoletta Del Franco and Marina de Regt (with the support of the Swiss Network of International Studies – SNIS).
Netsereab Andom, PhD student at the University of Khartoum and associated with CEDEJ Khartoum, recently presented a paper in « The Regional Workshop on International Migration from the Horn of Africa to Sudan and from there Onwards ».
Raphaëlle Chevrillon-Guibert, chercheuse à l’Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), associée au CEDEJ Khartoum, a répondu le 8 décembre 2016 aux questions de Thierry Garcin dans l’émission « Enjeux internationaux » de France Culture sur la situation au Soudan cinq ans après l’indépendance du Soudan du Sud. Ecouter son intervention ici.
Dr Jean-Nicolas BACH
- Docteur en Science politique
- Coordinateur du CEDEJ Khartoum
- Coordinateur du CEDEJ-Khartoum, Ministère des Affaires étrangères et du Développement International – Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique USR 3123.
- Qualification aux fonctions de Maître de conférences en science politique (Section 4 du CNU) Février 2012. Numéro de qualification : 12204231904.
CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce the following recent publication:
Animal Representations and Urban (Dis)orders during the ‘Feast of the Sacrifice’ in Istanbul and Khartoum
By Alice Franck, Jean Gardin and Olivier Givre
Volume 11 / 2016, Anthropology of the Middle East
Based on comparative fieldwork studies of the Muslim ‘Feast of the Sacrifice’, this article questions the places, shapes and stakes of ritual animal death in the urban space. The examples of Istanbul (Turkey) and Khartoum (Sudan) illustrate different but comparable perceptions, practices and management of a ritual event simultaneously associated with religious traditions and confronted with deep transformations in urbanised and globalised societies. Between ritual normalcy and controversial practice, sacrifice in the city is not reducible to a religious matter but addresses at once spatial, social and cultural issues, informed by economic and political stakes. Through a ritual performance and its manifold aspects, the article explores the multiple and evolving representations of the place and role of animals (and their death) in an urban context.
Le CEDEJ Khartoum est heureux d’annoncer la dernière publication d’Alice Franck, géographe, maître de conférences à Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne et ancienne coordinatrice du CEDEJ Khartoum :
« Insécurité foncière généralisée à Khartoum : quand les titres de propriété ne protègent plus des prédations publiques », Métropolitiques, 11 novembre 2016.
CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to organize the conference « Metropolization and Liminal Spaces in Greater Khartoum » on Sunday 30th October, 2016 at the University of Khartoum.
This conference heralded the end of a two-year research programme entitled « Metro 2 Sudan » and conducted by a Sudanese/international team of researchers and students from the CEDEJ Khartoum and from the University of Khartoum.
This research programme has received support from the AUF (Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie) as well as several other partners (Paris 8 University/LAVUE, the French ministry of Foreign Affairs/Campus France and the Sudanese ministry of Higher Education).
« Metro 2 Sudan » aimed at analyzing the interplay of actors and power relationships built around these areas that have a rural/urban interface in the Greater Khartoum. These spaces exist at various scales and in various inter-crossed parameters: functionally and economically, it refers to residential, industrial, agricultural, livestock or of « wasteland » areas; socio-spatially and in terms of housing, it refers to luxury compounds, former IDP camps, rural villages which were recently encompassed in the capital; administratively and legally, it refers to urban neighborhoods, rural or urban administrative units; socio-culturally and anthropologically, reconfigurations are varied, in regards to ethnic, tribal, religious and statutory affiliations.
[9:30-10 am] – INTRODUCTION
Alice FRANCK – Programme Coordinator (CEDEJ Khartoum/University Paris 1): METRO2 objectives, participants, partnerships, fieldworks
Barbara CASCIARRI – Co-coordinator (University Paris 8 – LAVUE): ethnographical and anthropological approaches of in-betweenness
[10-12 pm] – PANEL 1: IN-BETWEENNESS: THE WATERSHED OF 2011 AND THE CREATION OF TWO SUDANS. SOUTHERN-SUDANESES BEFORE AND AFTER SEPARATION
The first panel focuses on the situation of Southerners (living in Northern Sudan, notably in Greater Khartoum) after the separation of South Sudan. Though, more generally, we can question whether this major political event constitutes a globally meaningful and all-explanatory watershed, nonetheless it is a matter of fact that this category of people has more visibly been targeted by the post-2011 dynamics of change and marginalization. The panel papers share a twofold focus: first, the one on 2011 as a temporal dividing-line bringing to new configuration of Southerners who willingly or not passed from a status to another; second, the variety of in-between spaces in which they are caught as far as citizenship, territorial and land access, social relations and cultural perceptions are concerned.
President: Mohamed BABIKER / Chairperson: Idris SALIM EL-HASSAN
- Azza AHMED ABDEL AZIZ – The In-betweenness of Southerners in Khartoum: Recasting Different Registers of Status through Narrative and Experience
- Mohamed AG BAKHIT – The ‘community’ citizenship status for Southern Sudanese in Khartoum. The case of Al-Baraka
- Katarzyna GRABSKA – Negotiating citizenship and belonging in displacement: Nuer in Khartoum
- Alice FRANCK – The second urban marginalization: Southerners in popular neighbourhoods of Greater Khartoum from a land property analysis
[12-1:30 pm] – **LUNCH BREAK**
[1:30-4 pm] – PANEL 2 – IN-BETWEENNESS: PLURAL EXPRESSIONS OF MATERIAL AND SYMBOLIC LIMINALITY. GEOGRAPHICAL, SOCIO-POLITICAL AND LEGAL IN-BETWEEN SPACES
The second panel focuses on the multiplicity of contemporary contexts in which Sudanese people are living situations where the fluidity of borders makes experience a status of in-betweenness at different levels and with various effects. The panel papers are not strictly focusing on the 2011 events as a breaking point, they rather underline the variety of situations where the notion of in-betweenness may be a useful analytical tool for understanding ongoing social realities: the relation between shifting urban and rural spaces, the transitional political arena, the identity processes influenced by marriage strategies, the legal pluralism and ambiguous land issues entangled with communities’ reconfigurations and rights.
President: Munzul ASSAL / Chairperson: Abdelghaffar MOHAMED AHMED
- Barbara CASCIARRI & Alice FRANCK – Reconfigurations of the pastoral and agricultural in-betweenness in Khartoum State. Insights on the ‘urbanization of neoliberalism’
- Clément DESHAYES – New socio-political actors: the stakes of categorisation and political reproduction
- Peter MILLER – Whom to marry? An ethnographic study of marriage practices and strategies amongst upper-middle class city-dwellers
- Hind M YUSUF – The Impact of urbanization on education processes: Youth’s life strategies in Al-Fatah
- Mohamed A BABIKER – Between Law and Practices. Rendering vulnerable displaced and stateless on issues of land and identity
[4–4:30 pm] – **COFFEE BREAK**
[4:30–5:30 pm] – CONCLUSIONS
Stella GAYTANO – Identity
ROUNDTABLE AND DEBATE: SYNTHESIS AND PERSPECTIVES (moderator: Jean-Nicolas BACH, Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum)
A fieldnote by Ester Serra Mingot.
As part of the Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN), TRANSMIC (Transnational Migration, Citizenship and the Circulation of Rights and Responsibilities), I am conducting my PhD on “Transnational social protection: How Sudanese migrants in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom and their families in Sudan make use of social protection, locally and transnationally”.
This joint PhD project, between the University of Maastricht (Netherlands) and the University of Aix-Marseille (France), runs from 2014 until 2017.
During the course of the fieldwork in Sudan (mostly Khartoum and Omdurman), from August 3rd to October 16th 2016, I conducted ethnographic research with the families of the migrants I had previously met and interviewed in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom (UK).
CEDEJ Khartoum was happy to support Dr Hassan Elhaj Ali’s participation to the conference « The changing character of Africa’s armed forces » (Les nouveaux visages des armées africaines), held by IRSEM in Paris (Ecole militaire), on October 5-6th 2016.
Dr Hassan Elhaj Ali, Dean of the faculty of Economic and Social Sciences at the University of Khartoum and associate researcher in CEDEJ Khartoum, presented a paper entitled « Embedded Uniforms: Militias and the Army in Sudan’s Civil Wars« .
Stories from the streets of Khartoum
By Mai Azzam
Mai Azzam is a junior anthropologist graduated from the University of Khartoum. Mai holds two master degrees in Anthropology. The first one is from the University of Khartoum 2010 and the latest is an M.Phil. in anthropology of development from the University of Bergen. Her research interests are on youth, Islam, and political anthropology. She worked with youth movements in Khartoum, Sudan, to explore more about youth role in public life in Khartoum. Mai worked in Khartoum as a junior researcher at CEDEJ (Centre d'Études et de Documentation Économiques, Juridiques et sociales) for three years. She also worked in different capacities with local NGOs in Khartoum and developed her activist personality.