Forum réfugiés-Cosi reçoit Marc Lavergne, directeur de recherche au CNRS, spécialiste du Soudan pour une conférence partage et expertise à l’IEP de Lyon.
Le Soudan, plus vaste pays d’Afrique depuis son indépendance en 1956 jusqu’à la sécession du Sud en 2011, est depuis l’origine en proie à des conflits autour des questions d’unité nationale et de partage des ressources. L’accaparement du pouvoir et des ressources par une minorité privilégiée, au détriment des périphéries du pays sont à l’origine ou au cœur de ces conflits.
Dans ce contexte, la jeunesse n’a souvent pour seule issue que de fuir à l’étranger. En 2016, le Soudan était le premiers pays d’origine des demandeurs d’asile en France. Marc Lavergne apportera un éclairage sur les causes des conflits, les acteurs en présence et les raisons de cet exil.
CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce that several of its associate researchers and PhD students will participate in the international scientific conference “Borders and Territorial Reconfigurations in the Middle East and the Sahel”, organized by CEDEJ, to be held from January 30th to 31st, 2017, in Aswan, at the Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport.
Our associate researchers and PhD students will participate in the Panel 2 « Borders, mobilities and state making« , on January 30th.
Dr Hassan Elhagali, Professor of Political science at the University of Khartoum and Associate Researcher at CEDEJ Khartoum, will chair this panel.
Géraldine Pinauldt (IFG, univ. Paris 8) and Nathalie Coste (CERI- Sciences Po Paris/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present together a joint paper entitled « Somaliland et Soudan du Sud : Des précurseurs à la marge des bouleversements frontaliers au Moyen-Orient et au Sahel. Création d’Etat et identité(s) nationale(s), entre reconfiguration et statu quo ».
Netsereab Ghebremichael Andom (univ. of Khartoum/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present » Migrant Influxes and their Implications to Border and Territorial Reconfigurations in SSA: The Case of Eritrea and Sudan ».
Bashir Shariff (univ. of Khartoum/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present « Thinking Islamic Borders in the Horn of Africa ».
The programme of the conference is available online : https://assouan2017.wordpress.com/
CEDEJ Khartoum is thankful to Institut Français for providing its support to fund the travel and stay to Aswan of these researchers and PhD students.
CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to organize the conference « Metropolization and Liminal Spaces in Greater Khartoum » on Sunday 30th October, 2016 at the University of Khartoum.
This conference heralded the end of a two-year research programme entitled « Metro 2 Sudan » and conducted by a Sudanese/international team of researchers and students from the CEDEJ Khartoum and from the University of Khartoum.
This research programme has received support from the AUF (Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie) as well as several other partners (Paris 8 University/LAVUE, the French ministry of Foreign Affairs/Campus France and the Sudanese ministry of Higher Education).
« Metro 2 Sudan » aimed at analyzing the interplay of actors and power relationships built around these areas that have a rural/urban interface in the Greater Khartoum. These spaces exist at various scales and in various inter-crossed parameters: functionally and economically, it refers to residential, industrial, agricultural, livestock or of « wasteland » areas; socio-spatially and in terms of housing, it refers to luxury compounds, former IDP camps, rural villages which were recently encompassed in the capital; administratively and legally, it refers to urban neighborhoods, rural or urban administrative units; socio-culturally and anthropologically, reconfigurations are varied, in regards to ethnic, tribal, religious and statutory affiliations.
[9:30-10 am] – INTRODUCTION
Alice FRANCK – Programme Coordinator (CEDEJ Khartoum/University Paris 1): METRO2 objectives, participants, partnerships, fieldworks
Barbara CASCIARRI – Co-coordinator (University Paris 8 – LAVUE): ethnographical and anthropological approaches of in-betweenness
[10-12 pm] – PANEL 1: IN-BETWEENNESS: THE WATERSHED OF 2011 AND THE CREATION OF TWO SUDANS. SOUTHERN-SUDANESES BEFORE AND AFTER SEPARATION
The first panel focuses on the situation of Southerners (living in Northern Sudan, notably in Greater Khartoum) after the separation of South Sudan. Though, more generally, we can question whether this major political event constitutes a globally meaningful and all-explanatory watershed, nonetheless it is a matter of fact that this category of people has more visibly been targeted by the post-2011 dynamics of change and marginalization. The panel papers share a twofold focus: first, the one on 2011 as a temporal dividing-line bringing to new configuration of Southerners who willingly or not passed from a status to another; second, the variety of in-between spaces in which they are caught as far as citizenship, territorial and land access, social relations and cultural perceptions are concerned.
Azza AHMED ABDEL AZIZ – The In-betweenness of Southerners in Khartoum: Recasting Different Registers of Status through Narrative and Experience
Mohamed AG BAKHIT – The ‘community’ citizenship status for Southern Sudanese in Khartoum. The case of Al-Baraka
Katarzyna GRABSKA – Negotiating citizenship and belonging in displacement: Nuer in Khartoum
Alice FRANCK – The second urban marginalization: Southerners in popular neighbourhoods of Greater Khartoum from a land property analysis
[12-1:30 pm] – **LUNCH BREAK**
[1:30-4 pm] –PANEL 2 – IN-BETWEENNESS: PLURAL EXPRESSIONS OF MATERIAL AND SYMBOLIC LIMINALITY. GEOGRAPHICAL, SOCIO-POLITICAL AND LEGAL IN-BETWEEN SPACES
The second panel focuses on the multiplicity of contemporary contexts in which Sudanese people are livingsituations where the fluidity of borders makes experience a status of in-betweenness at different levels and with various effects. The panel papers are not strictly focusing on the 2011 events as a breaking point, they rather underline the variety of situations where the notion of in-betweenness may be a useful analytical tool for understanding ongoing social realities: the relation between shifting urban and rural spaces, the transitional political arena, the identity processes influenced by marriage strategies, the legal pluralism and ambiguous land issues entangled with communities’ reconfigurations and rights.
President: Munzul ASSAL / Chairperson: Abdelghaffar MOHAMED AHMED
Barbara CASCIARRI & Alice FRANCK – Reconfigurations of the pastoral and agricultural in-betweenness in Khartoum State. Insights on the ‘urbanization of neoliberalism’
Clément DESHAYES – New socio-political actors: the stakes of categorisation and political reproduction
Peter MILLER – Whom to marry? An ethnographic study of marriage practices and strategies amongst upper-middle class city-dwellers
Hind M YUSUF – The Impact of urbanization on education processes: Youth’s life strategies in Al-Fatah
Mohamed A BABIKER – Between Law and Practices. Rendering vulnerable displaced and stateless on issues of land and identity
[4–4:30 pm] – **COFFEE BREAK**
[4:30–5:30 pm] – CONCLUSIONS
Stella GAYTANO – Identity
ROUNDTABLE AND DEBATE: SYNTHESIS AND PERSPECTIVES (moderator: Jean-Nicolas BACH, Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum)
CEDEJ Khartoum was happy to support Dr Hassan Elhaj Ali’s participation to the conference « The changing character of Africa’s armed forces » (Les nouveaux visages des armées africaines), held by IRSEM in Paris (Ecole militaire), on October 5-6th 2016.
Dr Hassan Elhaj Ali, Dean of the faculty of Economic and Social Sciences at the University of Khartoum and associate researcher in CEDEJ Khartoum, presented a paper entitled « Embedded Uniforms: Militias and the Army in Sudan’s Civil Wars« .
Luisa ARANGO (Université Paris 8-LAVUE) – Impayés, reconnexions, redistributions. Stratégies polémiques d’accès à l’eau dans les quartiers centraux de Khartoum
Barbara CASCIARRI et Clément DESHAYES (Université Paris 8-LAVUE) – « Nous sommes assoiffés ! » : quelques réflexions à partir des mouvements récents de protestation pour l’accès à l’eau dans les villes soudanaises
The conference « Migration and Exile in the Horn of Africa. State of Knowledge and Current Debates » was held on November 17-18th in Khartoum.
During this two-day conference, about forty researchers have presented their empirical approaches on the issue of migration in the Horn of Africa. This event was jointly organized by CEDEJ Khartoum, CFEE Addis Ababa and the University of Khartoum.
The recent period is characterized by increasing internal migrations and by a growing number of displaced persons in the sub-region, especially in Somalia, Ethiopia and Sudan. At the same time, the number of shipwrecks in the Mediterranean Sea involving migrants coming from the Horn of Africa has tragically climbed. The issue of migration, which today largely captures the attention of media and politicians, has been widely studied by African and European researchers specialized on the Horn of Africa.
In addition to providing scientific approaches on the migratory processes, the conference « Migration and Exile in the Horn of Africa » gave us the possibility to shift and re-center the analysis on the Horn of Africa.
David Ambrosetti, Director of CFEE in Addis AbabaPr Ahmed Mohamed Suliman, Vice-Chancellor of the University of KhartoumDr. Samia Abu Kashawa, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research Bruno Aubert, Ambassador of France in SudanAlice Franck, Coordinator of CEDEJ-KhartoumAhmed M. Gamal Eldin, Associate Professor of Development and Migration in Ahfad UniversityThomas Osmond, CFEEAli Khosroshahi, UNHCRCatherine Dom, WIDE EthiopiaKatarzyna Grabska, the Graduate Institute in GenevaClara Lecadet, EHESS
Katherine Rehberg, UNHCRAzza Yacoub, SOAS LondonMohamed ABDEL SALAM Babiker, University of Khartoum Azza Yacoub and Omar Ismael Mahamoud (CERD Djibouti)Benoit Gaudin, University of Addis Ababa and IRDMaysa Ayoub, AUC Netsereab ANDOM, University of KhartoumPeter Miller (Paris 8) and Amina Said Chire (University of Djibouti)Marion Guillaume, Samuel HallGriet Steel, Utrecht University (The Netherlands) and Catholic University Leuven (Belgium)Géraldine Pinauldt, CFEE
The research about Sudan was highlighted at two scientific conferences that were held recently in Paris: the 6th European Conference on African Studies (ECAS 2015) and the 1st Conference of the group of scientific interest (GIS) on the Middle-East and on Muslim Worlds.
Untitled “Collective mobilizations in Africa: Contestation, Resistance, Revolt”, the 6th European Conference on African Studies (ECAS 2015) was held in Paris from July 8th to 10th. Among the objectives of this international conference, ECAS 2015 aimed to promote the emergence of new concepts and issues of research on Africa in order to better identify and understand the current changes in the African continent, as well as the historical roots of those changes.
We are pleased to see that several Phd candidates/researchers associated with CEDEJ-Khartoum has participated to this conference. Anne-Laure Mahé, from the University of Montreal, has introduced her paper untitled “Thriving on chaos: violent conflict as a factor of authoritarian resiliency in Sudan”. Philippe Gout, a Phd student in International Law with University Paris 2 Panthéon Assas, has presented his paper “The halt of ICC’s war crimes investigations in Darfur: the limits of Prosecutor’s definition of the crime of genocide and the full-scale resistance to ICC’s investigations”. Dr.Raphaëlle Guibert, researcher in political sciences, has presented her research about gold mining – “Le gouvernement de l’or au Soudan: remodelage des pratiques et contrôle du secteur”. And Dr. Elena Vezzadini, an associate researcher with CEDEJ-Khartoum and with the University of Bergen, has also contributed to this conference.
Furthermore, several researchers specialized in Sudan were present at the conference: Dr.Siri Lamoureux, Dr. Griet Steel, Dr. Clémence Pinaud and Dr. Lotjes de Vries.
Another international scientific conference can be noted: from July 7th to 9th, the 1st Conference of the group of scientific interest (GIS) on the Middle-East and on Muslim Worlds was held in Paris. This international conference aimed to create an overview of the current state of the French research, with the contribution of numerous foreign guests. Its objective was to encourage the collaboration between researchers, as well as the improvement of the visibility of the scientific studies on the Middle-East and on Muslim Worlds.
In this conference as well, we are pleased to see that research on Sudan was highlighted: Dr Raphaëlle Guibert has introduced her work about the Sudanese Islamic experience – “Bourgeois islamiste vs entrepreneur nomade ? Oppositions et convergences des modèles de la réussite dans l’expérience islamique soudanaise” ; as for Dr Iris Seri-Hersch, she has presented her research about the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan – « Arabisation, Islamisation et (dé)colonisation dans le Soudan anglo-égyptien (1946-1964)».
The department of Law and the department of History of Durham organize a conference the 16 and 17 of December in Durham about the Justice in Sudan and South Sudan. The conference brings together interdisciplinary research from History and Anthropology to International Security.
The speakers include Professor Abdelsalam Babiker and Professor Munzul Assal from the University of Khartoum.
Elena Vezzadini, historienne (University of Bergen/IMAF)
14h00-14h10 Accueil des participants
14h10-14h30 Ouverture de la table-ronde (Iris Seri-Hersch, Elena Vezzadini)
14h30-15h00 Heather J. Sharkey, historienne, University of Pennsylvania, USA
“The Linguistic Terrain : Mapping Historical Change in Sudan and the Maghrib via Languages and Literary Cultures”
15h00-15h30 Yazid Ben Hounet, anthropologue, CNRS-LAS, Paris
“Invariants et spécificités du prix du sang (diya) en Algérie et au Soudan : à propos d’une comparaison raisonnée”
15h30-15h45 Pause café
15h45-16h15 Barbara Casciarri, anthropologue, Université Paris 8, Paris
“Méthodes, objets et approches d’une démarche anthropologique comparative entre les groupes pastoraux du Maroc et du Soudan”
16h15-16h45 Catherine Miller, sociolinguiste, CNRS-IREMAM, Aix-en-Provence
“Quel(s) centre(s) ? Quelle(s) périphérie(s) ? En quoi ces notions peuvent-elles faire sens ou pas entre Maroc et Soudan du point de vue sociolinguistique ?”
The CEDEJ-Khartoum and the CFEE-Addis Ababa are organizing a roundtable conference in Addis Ababa on June 10-12, 2013 regarding Sudans’ reconstruction.
The independence of South Sudan in July, 2011 created as many opportunities as it aroused difficulties and threats. The resumption of confrontations between the North and the South in 2012 further complicated dialogues among intellectuals from each country and showed how perilous it was to reorganize power systems, both in North and South, and how difficult it could be to reach stabilization. Facing secession, euphoria in the South and acceptation in the North gave way to heavy political, economic and safety challenges.
From an academic point of view, the separation between the two States opens new research fields in social sciences. The analysis themes regarding ongoing political and social restructuration are various, and for a majority of them, not much studied, given the recentness of the partition. Therefore, the CEDEJ-Khartoum and the CFEE-Addis Ababa launched a scientific dialogue process on Sudans. That work finds its originality in the will to give an academic content to the debate, often missing in official talks.
Moreover, this process of prolific scientific meetings contributes to compensate for the lack of current and searched academic works led by Sudanese and South Sudanese researchers together. The 2013 conference aims at opening the debate to a large panel discussion, in the perspective of publishing the conference’s proceedings.