Le CEDEJ Khartoum est heureux d’annoncer la dernière publication d’Alice Franck, géographe, maître de conférences à Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne et ancienne coordinatrice du CEDEJ Khartoum :
« Insécurité foncière généralisée à Khartoum : quand les titres de propriété ne protègent plus des prédations publiques », Métropolitiques, 11 novembre 2016.
CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce the publication of the latest issue of Egypte/Monde Arabe (EMA) Journal on Sudan (n°14//2016):
Most researchers and students who contributed to this issue are affiliated to CEDEJ Khartoum.
South Sudan officially gained independence on the 9th July 2011. This was the outcome of the peace agreement signed in January 2005 and in accordance with the national referendum of January 2011. This historic event, which should have put an end on the historical conflict between the Northern and Southern regions and communities, constituted a real challenge in term of adaptation, resilience and innovation for the whole of the society. In this unprecedented context of the birth of a new national territory, and the remodelling of existing spatial and political configurations, South Sudan has logically been at the centre of attention – whether this be from political actors, researchers or humanitarian donors. However, the North has been profoundly affected by this rupture as well. The intention of this issue is to shed light on some of these transformations.
Introduction [Texte intégral]
The South Sudan House in Amarat: South Sudanese enclaves in Khartoum [Texte intégral]
Le Grand Khartoum sans Sudistes ? [Texte intégral]Recompositions post-CPA dans le quartier populaire de Mussalass (Omdurman)
Hakamat and Peacebuilding 2004-2012 [Texte intégral]
Dismantling Processes in the Sudanese Public Health Services Sector [Texte intégral]The Case of Dr Abbo’s Fistula Centre
Love at the Time of Independence [Texte intégral]The Debates on Romantic Love in the Sudanese Left-Wing Press of the 1950s
Revues de lecture
David E. Mills, Dividing the Nile. Egypt’s Economic Nationalists in the Sudan, 1918-56 [Texte intégral]Cairo, New York: American University of Cairo Press, 2014
Barbara Casciarri, Munzoul Assal and François Ireton, Multidimensional Change in Sudan (1989-2011): Reshaping livelihoods, conflicts and identities [Texte intégral]Berghahn Oxford; 2015
VariaDamiette, une ville prospère d’Égypte au péril de la mondialisation [Texte intégral]Ruine des activités productives traditionnelles et déstructuration sociale sur fond de modernisation technologique, de logiques globales et de retrait de l’État
CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to organize the conference « Metropolization and Liminal Spaces in Greater Khartoum » on Sunday 30th October, 2016 at the University of Khartoum.
This conference heralded the end of a two-year research programme entitled « Metro 2 Sudan » and conducted by a Sudanese/international team of researchers and students from the CEDEJ Khartoum and from the University of Khartoum.
This research programme has received support from the AUF (Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie) as well as several other partners (Paris 8 University/LAVUE, the French ministry of Foreign Affairs/Campus France and the Sudanese ministry of Higher Education).
« Metro 2 Sudan » aimed at analyzing the interplay of actors and power relationships built around these areas that have a rural/urban interface in the Greater Khartoum. These spaces exist at various scales and in various inter-crossed parameters: functionally and economically, it refers to residential, industrial, agricultural, livestock or of « wasteland » areas; socio-spatially and in terms of housing, it refers to luxury compounds, former IDP camps, rural villages which were recently encompassed in the capital; administratively and legally, it refers to urban neighborhoods, rural or urban administrative units; socio-culturally and anthropologically, reconfigurations are varied, in regards to ethnic, tribal, religious and statutory affiliations.
[9:30-10 am] – INTRODUCTION
Alice FRANCK – Programme Coordinator (CEDEJ Khartoum/University Paris 1): METRO2 objectives, participants, partnerships, fieldworks
Barbara CASCIARRI – Co-coordinator (University Paris 8 – LAVUE): ethnographical and anthropological approaches of in-betweenness
[10-12 pm] – PANEL 1: IN-BETWEENNESS: THE WATERSHED OF 2011 AND THE CREATION OF TWO SUDANS. SOUTHERN-SUDANESES BEFORE AND AFTER SEPARATION
The first panel focuses on the situation of Southerners (living in Northern Sudan, notably in Greater Khartoum) after the separation of South Sudan. Though, more generally, we can question whether this major political event constitutes a globally meaningful and all-explanatory watershed, nonetheless it is a matter of fact that this category of people has more visibly been targeted by the post-2011 dynamics of change and marginalization. The panel papers share a twofold focus: first, the one on 2011 as a temporal dividing-line bringing to new configuration of Southerners who willingly or not passed from a status to another; second, the variety of in-between spaces in which they are caught as far as citizenship, territorial and land access, social relations and cultural perceptions are concerned.
President: Mohamed BABIKER / Chairperson: Idris SALIM EL-HASSAN
- Azza AHMED ABDEL AZIZ – The In-betweenness of Southerners in Khartoum: Recasting Different Registers of Status through Narrative and Experience
- Mohamed AG BAKHIT – The ‘community’ citizenship status for Southern Sudanese in Khartoum. The case of Al-Baraka
- Katarzyna GRABSKA – Negotiating citizenship and belonging in displacement: Nuer in Khartoum
- Alice FRANCK – The second urban marginalization: Southerners in popular neighbourhoods of Greater Khartoum from a land property analysis
[12-1:30 pm] – **LUNCH BREAK**
[1:30-4 pm] – PANEL 2 – IN-BETWEENNESS: PLURAL EXPRESSIONS OF MATERIAL AND SYMBOLIC LIMINALITY. GEOGRAPHICAL, SOCIO-POLITICAL AND LEGAL IN-BETWEEN SPACES
The second panel focuses on the multiplicity of contemporary contexts in which Sudanese people are living situations where the fluidity of borders makes experience a status of in-betweenness at different levels and with various effects. The panel papers are not strictly focusing on the 2011 events as a breaking point, they rather underline the variety of situations where the notion of in-betweenness may be a useful analytical tool for understanding ongoing social realities: the relation between shifting urban and rural spaces, the transitional political arena, the identity processes influenced by marriage strategies, the legal pluralism and ambiguous land issues entangled with communities’ reconfigurations and rights.
President: Munzul ASSAL / Chairperson: Abdelghaffar MOHAMED AHMED
- Barbara CASCIARRI & Alice FRANCK – Reconfigurations of the pastoral and agricultural in-betweenness in Khartoum State. Insights on the ‘urbanization of neoliberalism’
- Clément DESHAYES – New socio-political actors: the stakes of categorisation and political reproduction
- Peter MILLER – Whom to marry? An ethnographic study of marriage practices and strategies amongst upper-middle class city-dwellers
- Hind M YUSUF – The Impact of urbanization on education processes: Youth’s life strategies in Al-Fatah
- Mohamed A BABIKER – Between Law and Practices. Rendering vulnerable displaced and stateless on issues of land and identity
[4–4:30 pm] – **COFFEE BREAK**
[4:30–5:30 pm] – CONCLUSIONS
Stella GAYTANO – Identity
ROUNDTABLE AND DEBATE: SYNTHESIS AND PERSPECTIVES (moderator: Jean-Nicolas BACH, Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum)
CEDEJ Khartoum has the pleasure to share the following information:
The launching of the joint program NAPATA for scientific cooperation between France and Sudan, aiming at supporting the development of bilateral partnerships between academic and research institutions and joint research cooperation projects, and at encouraging mobility of academics and researchers.
The program is run jointly by the French Embassy and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of the Republic of Sudan.
Each proposed project should be submitted by a joint French-Sudanese team with two coordinators, French and Sudanese.
Online call for proposal is opened at http://www.campusfrance.org/napata (applications to be filled either in French or in English).
Courtesy translation in Arabic of the call or proposal is available at the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research.
The deadline for online application is 17 January 2017.
We thank you in anticipation for disseminating this message so as to insure its widest possible diffusion.
Insecurities in the Lake Chad basin
17th Mega-Chad colloquium -In Nice (France), on June 14-15-16th, 2017
Ever since the crisis in Darfur, the Boko Haram insurrection and the conflagration in the Central African Republic, the Lake Chad basin has been a focus of media and government attention. Insecurities, the theme chosen for this 17th Mega-Chad
colloquium, has become a topic that can no longer be avoided. Beyond media attention, insecurities play a major part in structuring social organizations. They either block or force change at the level of individuals, their cultures, their organizations
and their productions. The tragic events that have played out in the region demonstrate the destructive potential of violence, and yet we should not forget that these events also stimulate adaptations, resilience and resistance that can lead to innovations and new ways of coping with such situations, and to new means of facing, circumventing or overcoming them.
A fieldnote by Ester Serra Mingot.
As part of the Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN), TRANSMIC (Transnational Migration, Citizenship and the Circulation of Rights and Responsibilities), I am conducting my PhD on “Transnational social protection: How Sudanese migrants in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom and their families in Sudan make use of social protection, locally and transnationally”.
This joint PhD project, between the University of Maastricht (Netherlands) and the University of Aix-Marseille (France), runs from 2014 until 2017.
During the course of the fieldwork in Sudan (mostly Khartoum and Omdurman), from August 3rd to October 16th 2016, I conducted ethnographic research with the families of the migrants I had previously met and interviewed in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom (UK).
CEDEJ Khartoum was happy to support Dr Hassan Elhaj Ali’s participation to the conference « The changing character of Africa’s armed forces » (Les nouveaux visages des armées africaines), held by IRSEM in Paris (Ecole militaire), on October 5-6th 2016.
Dr Hassan Elhaj Ali, Dean of the faculty of Economic and Social Sciences at the University of Khartoum and associate researcher in CEDEJ Khartoum, presented a paper entitled « Embedded Uniforms: Militias and the Army in Sudan’s Civil Wars« .
CEDEJ Khartoum is happy to announce Katarzyna Grabska’s recent publication of a chapter entitled “Eritrean Migratory Trajectories of Adolescence in Khartoum: (Im)mobility, Identities, and Social Media” in the collective book « Networks of Knowledge Production in Sudan. Identities, Mobilities, and Technologies » edited by Sondra Hale and Gada Kadoda (Lexington Books, Sept. 2016).
Stories from the streets of Khartoum
By Mai Azzam
Mai Azzam is a junior anthropologist graduated from the University of Khartoum. Mai holds two master degrees in Anthropology. The first one is from the University of Khartoum 2010 and the latest is an M.Phil. in anthropology of development from the University of Bergen. Her research interests are on youth, Islam, and political anthropology. She worked with youth movements in Khartoum, Sudan, to explore more about youth role in public life in Khartoum. Mai worked in Khartoum as a junior researcher at CEDEJ (Centre d'Études et de Documentation Économiques, Juridiques et sociales) for three years. She also worked in different capacities with local NGOs in Khartoum and developed her activist personality.
This is a series of life stories of young motivated people in Khartoum. It is a direct reflection from ethnographic material collected in 2015. I spent six month for data collection among two charity associations in Khartoum namely Sadagaat and Shari’ Al Hawadith. Each association has started via informal methods and grows to fill a gap left by government privatization policies and investments on war and defense rather than social services.
L’ActUF est une revue biannuelle publiée par le Bureau Moyen-Orient (BMO) de l’Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF) en mars et septembre de chaque année.
Dans leur rubrique « Nos partenaires ont la parole » du numéro de septembre 2016, le BMO a publié le témoignage du CEDEJ-Khartoum sur son programme de recherche « METRO 2 Soudan : Métropolisation et espaces « d’entre-deux », Jeux d’acteurs, dynamiques de pouvoir et reconfigurations identitaires dans
l’agglomération du Grand-Khartoum ».
CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to organize a meeting on September 25th between its researchers/students and Dr Hamit Bozarslan.
Hamit Bozarslan was born in 1958 in Lice, in Turkey. He holds a PhD in history from the School of Higher Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS), Paris and a PhD in Political Science from the Institute of Political Studies (IEP). His main areas of research interests are: Turkey, the Kurdish issue, minorities in the Middle-East, history and sociology of violence in the Middle-East.
Hamit Bozarslan was a research fellow at the Marc Bloch Centre (Berlin) between 1995 and 1997 and a visiting scholar at Princeton in 1998. He was nominated associate professor (1998) and director of studies (2006) at the EHESS. He co-led the IISMM (Institute for the study of Islam and Muslim societies worldwide) between 2002 and 2008. Hamit Bozarslan is currently Director of Studies at the EHESS (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales) in Paris. His most recent publications include Comprendre le génocide des arméniens, de 1915 à nos jours, with Raymond Kevorkian and Vincent Duclert (Paris, Tallandier, 2015), Histoire de la Turquie de l’Empire à nos jours (Paris, Tallandier, 2013), Sociologie politique du Moyen-Orient (Paris, La Découverte, 2011) and Passions révolutionnaires. Amérique latine, Moyen-Orient, Inde (with Gilles Bataillon & Christophe Jaffrelot, Paris, Éditions de l’EHESS, 2011).
On August 23rd, CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to organize a seminary on migration issues, through different perspectives, with the participation of:
- Dr Idris Salam Hassan, Professor of Anthropology at the University of Khartoum and at the University of Africa, with a strong interest on migration/refugees/internally displaced people;
- Ester Serra Mingot, PhD Candidate at the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences in Maastricht University. She introduced her fieldwork in Sudan with Sudanese families, for her PhD on « Transnational Social Protection. How Sudanese migrants in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom and their families in Sudan make use of social protection, locally and transnationally »;
- Miralyne Zeghnoune, a Master 2 student in development practices at Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University. She presented her fieldwork in Sudan about Sudanese migrants. She initially started her fieldwork in France where she collected data on Sudanese migrants (migratory route, reasons for leaving, future projects, connections with the family in Sudan, etc.). In Khartoum, she has been studying these migrants’ family and entourage (initial project, administrative procedures, contacts with the migrant, etc.).
- Alice Koumurian, Project Officer in CEDEJ Khartoum, introduced her fieldwork about the Syrian migrants who arrived after 2011 in Khartoum.
Dans un entretien pour le quotidien Libération, Jean-Nicolas Bach, nouveau coordinateur du CEDEJ Khartoum, apporte son éclairage sur le geste du marathonien éthiopien Feyisa Lilesa durant les JO.
Call for applications n°1 – Post-graduate research scholarship
“Documentation of landscapes and land usage between Abri and Dongola through a GIS”
Deadline: 21st of August, 2016 // Starting date: 18th of September, 2016
This scholarship will support a post-graduate Master or PhD student to conduct geographical research in the area between Abri and Dongola (approximately 19°-21° N, 30°-31° E). The aim of the research is to gather data on landscapes and land usage to be fed into a geographic information system (GIS). The GIS will form part of a larger research project on date palm production and socio-economic changes along the Nile in northern Sudan led by Dr. Enrico Ille as fellow of the British Museum and the Royal Anthropological Institute, in cooperation with the National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums (NCAM).