On Thursday 20th April 2017, at 1 pm, Lucie REVILLA, a French PhD student at Sciences Po Bordeaux University, will present her PhD research in CEDEJ Khartoum on:
Cet article propose une étude croisée des évolutions du commerce de rue et de l’approvisionnement en eau à Khartoum. Ces deux secteurs sont envisagés comme des révélateurs des restructurations de la gestion urbaine de l’agglomération. L’objectif de ce texte est d’interroger l’hybridation des réformes néolibérales, accrues depuis la moitié des années 2000, et des logiques de contrôle autoritaires. Cette approche s’appuie sur des enquêtes qualitatives auprès des acteurs quotidiens du service de l’eau et de la vente de rue, dans différents quartiers de la capitale soudanaise. La première partie revient brièvement sur l’évolution du régime autoritaire au Soudan, marquée par une adaptation à des modèles néolibéraux internationaux, et en interroge de possibles déclinaisons à Khartoum. Inspirés de ces modèles, les réformes de décentralisation et de privatisation génèrent un redéploiement de la bureaucratie de l’État à des niveaux intermédiaires, ainsi qu’une redistribution des prérogatives d’aménagement de l’espace urbain auprès de partenaires privés sélectionnés. D’autre part, dans les quartiers, l’intégration des récentes normes de gestion au sein des deux secteurs d’approvisionnement urbain conduit à l’imbrication de plusieurs logiques de contrôle, anciennes et nouvelles, qui redéfinissent les rapports d’autorité entre l’État et les citadins.
Continuer la lecture de PUBLICATION – Autoritarisme, hybridation et pratiques du pouvoir dans le Grand Khartoum : une étude des services de l’eau et du commerce de rue, par Laure Crombé et Guillaume Sauloup
CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce the following recent publication:
Animal Representations and Urban (Dis)orders during the ‘Feast of the Sacrifice’ in Istanbul and Khartoum
By Alice Franck, Jean Gardin and Olivier Givre
Volume 11 / 2016, Anthropology of the Middle East
Based on comparative fieldwork studies of the Muslim ‘Feast of the Sacrifice’, this article questions the places, shapes and stakes of ritual animal death in the urban space. The examples of Istanbul (Turkey) and Khartoum (Sudan) illustrate different but comparable perceptions, practices and management of a ritual event simultaneously associated with religious traditions and confronted with deep transformations in urbanised and globalised societies. Between ritual normalcy and controversial practice, sacrifice in the city is not reducible to a religious matter but addresses at once spatial, social and cultural issues, informed by economic and political stakes. Through a ritual performance and its manifold aspects, the article explores the multiple and evolving representations of the place and role of animals (and their death) in an urban context.
Le CEDEJ Khartoum est heureux d’annoncer la dernière publication d’Alice Franck, géographe, maître de conférences à Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne et ancienne coordinatrice du CEDEJ Khartoum :
« Insécurité foncière généralisée à Khartoum : quand les titres de propriété ne protègent plus des prédations publiques », Métropolitiques, 11 novembre 2016.
Seing Dubai in Khartoum and Nouakchott: « gulfication » on the margins of the Arab World, by Armelle Choplin and Alice Franck
Published in December 2015 in:
Les grands changements planétaires et leurs conséquences économiques et sociales s’illustrent de façon massive dans l’espace africain. Qu’il s’agisse de la vulnérabilité face au changement climatique et des défis sociétaux de la gestion soutenable de l’environnement, des profondes mutations dans l’utilisation des ressources et des espaces, des voies de la mondialisation et de ses effets sur les cultures et les langues, dans tous ces champs les terrains africains sont des laboratoires pour les sciences humaines et sociales.
Dans ce numéro des Cahiers des IFRE, ont été regroupés des articles ou des textes élaborés récemment sur ces questions par les chercheurs, chercheurs associés et doctorants des Instituts français de recherche en sciences humaines et sociales que nous avons la chance d’avoir en Afrique : en Tunisie, au Maroc, au Soudan, en Éthiopie, au Kenya, en Afrique du Sud et au Nigéria – ainsi qu’en Chine. Ces articles contribuent à montrer que l’Afrique ne se tient nullement à l’écart des processus de globalisation en cours mais, au contraire, y prend une large part. ◼
Alice Franck, Jean Gardin et Olivier Givre ont récemment publié « La mort animale rituelle en ville Une approche comparée de la « fête du sacrifice » à Istanbul, Khartoum et Paris » dans la revue Histoire urbaine, Animaux dans la ville 1 – 2015/3 (n° 44)
- Pages : 196
- ISBN : 9782914350440
- Éditeur : Société française d’histoire urbaine
On Wednesday 27th January, Peter Miller hold his first seminar in CEDEJ Khartoum.
Peter Miller, masters student in Social Sciences at the University Paris VIII, presented a case study from his research “Marriage Strategies and Social-Spatial Identity Reconfigurations in Khartoum (Amarat)”, his fieldwork having been carried out with the support of the CEDEJ over the last 3 months. After the presentation we organized a round-table discussion on the analysis of his data. ◼
« Ethnographies of water management in Tuti (Khartoum, Sudan) and Caño de Loro (Cartagena, Colombia). Comparing history, locality and politics in urban anthropology«
Under the supervision of Dr Barbara Casciarri
The thesis defense took place on Friday, November 27th, 2015 at 9 am at the University Paris 8, 2 rue de la Liberté, 93200, Saint Denis in the Hall of theses, Deleuze area (Building A, 1st floor).
The jury was composed of:
– AYEB Habib, Senior Lecturer in Geography at the University Paris 8
– Alain BERTHO, Professor of Anthropology at the University of Paris 8
– David BLANCHON, Professor of Geography at the University Paris Ouest-Nanterre.
– Barbara CASCIARRI, Lecturer in Anthropology at the University Paris 8 (supervisor)
– Eric DENIS, Geographer, Director of research at CNRS (rapporteur)
– Aline HEMOND, Professor of Anthropology at the University of Picardie Jules Verne (rapporteur)
– Mauro VAN AKEN, Professor of Anthropology at the University of Milano Bicocca
At the turn of the twentieth century, numerous cities such as Cartagena (Colombia) and Khartoum (Sudan), adopted a centralized technical and administrative model for the management of drinking water. Associated since its construction to planned urban development projects, the water network constitutes a political technology and becomes a landmark of urban spatiality, for politicians as well as for technicians and urban dwellers. The compared analysis of access strategies, daily usage, and the role of water in the imagination of two populations with an ambiguous urban status – Caño de Loro (Cartagena) and Tuti (Khartoum) – allows us to approach the social complexity of contemporary cities in the South. The comparison supposes a reflexive orientation that leads us, over and beyond the socio-political dynamics of each context, to critically consider our categories of analysis. In the first part the water network is contextualized in the history of each city, where its recent apparition and setting up rests upon the reinforcement or creation of dense power relations, as well as a new conception of nature, particularly of water. Such relational and political features lead to, in the second part, an understanding of how the materiality of water and its sharing produces particular localities within the urban space. Therefore, the analysis of relations between public and private spheres through everyday water exchanges lets us discuss the relevance of the notion of “collective management” of resources in Cartagena and Khartoum. The third part considers the mechanisms draw on by different actors within the particular context of urban planning to negotiate their margin of action on land and water. It highlights the political dimension of identity categories as well as the transformative power of individual and collective actions in situations where resource management is crossed with individual, local, national, and global logics at the same time.
Khartoum’s current situation is special. After experiencing a decade of rapid changes due to the entry of Sudan in the circle of oil producing countries, the Sudanese capital – just like the rest of the country, although to a lesser extent – has been facing a strong economic recession since the independence of South Sudan in 2011 and the loss of the most part of its oil income. The economic malaise (rampant inflation, devaluation…) is palpable when you engage in a conversation with Khartoum people.
But strangely enough, this did not impact the urban landscape yet, and new buildings are still rising at a rapid pace.
This article goes back on the decade 2000-2010 during which there was an economic growth, and land and property sectors were the main outlet for the petrodollars. This period was also characterized by the historical peace agreement between the North and the South that has lead to the partition of the country. This partition has also contributed to the in-depth transformation of the capital, in particular with regard to the demographic situation.
In this article, Claude Iverné, photographer specialized in Sudan, shares some of his pictures.
Those pictures are the starting point of this analysis on the transformations of Khartoum, such as the new projects on the Nile, the apparition of towers in Khartoum, the renovation of the city center, as well as the transformation of the internally displaced persons camps.
Alice Franck & Claude Iverné, « Khartoum, capitale en mutation », La Vie des idées, 29 décembre 2014. ISSN : 2105-3030. URL : http://www.laviedesidees.fr/Khartoum-capitale-en-mutation.html
Olivier Mongin presented a paper entitled « The city of flows, the two sides of globalization » during a seminar held at the Sharjah Hall the 24 of February in Khartoum and organized by the CEDEJ in collaboration with the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, the Faculty of Architecture, the Faculty of Geography of the University of Khartoum. The seminar, translated from french to arabic, by Dr Azza Ahmed A. Aziz (SOAS – University of London), was followed by a rich exchange between Mr Mongin and the audience of students and professors in presence of presence of Dr Hassan El Hajj, dean of the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, Dr Gamal M. Hamid, dean of the Faculty of Architecture, Dr Ahmed El Faig, Dean of the Faculty of Geography, Dr Alice Franck, coordinator of the CEDEJ-Khartoum, Dr Ibtissam Sati, Deputy dean Faculty of Economic and Social Studies.
Olivier Mongin aims to demonstrate that globalization is not only an acceleration and intensification of exchanges of people, goods and information but it is first an anthropological change toward a mainly urban way of life. Such a change demands first one measure the current global turmoil. The developing countries now represent 95% of the world’s urban growth. Nine hundred million people live in what we refer to the historic city, when more than one billion live in favelas, slums and other illegal cities. Two more billion are living in contemporary urbanizations, a collection of diffuse cities, infinite cities, dispersed towns, etc. The city has thus been diluted but also more widespread. Olivier Mongin stresses the need to be aware of the stakes of this transformation of the urban experience by highlighting three major trends worldwide: flows tend to prevail over the places, especially with the Internet and the development of fast transport; urban diversity is declining everywhere, the privatization of life and public space is increasing.
For a better understanding of the urban element within globalization, Olivier Mongin relies on personal trips, readings and diverse artistic experiences hence developing an original analysis of the modalities of this supremacy of flows over places. From this perspective, he outlines a number of reflections linked to a paramount consideration of context and environment, including the ecological, but also addressing issues of democracy and urban governance.
Olivier Mongin is a famous French essayist and philosopher. He was the director of the journal “Esprit” for over 20 years. Alongside the direction of this journal Olivier Mongin equally conducts publishing activities in various collections focusing on societal issues, philosophy and town planning. He has published books on different topics especially about democracy, the concept of “laughter” and about the city during the time of globalization.
The first seminar on urban studies will take place in the Sharjah Hall of the University of Khartoum the 2 of December at 11am. Ingeborg Denissen will introduce her PhD research about « The challenges of rapid urbanization – a comparison between Mexico City and Khartoum ». She was scientifically supported during her thesis by the CEDEJ Khartoum. The event is co organized by the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies of the University of Khartoum, the Dutch Embassy and the CEDEJ.
You will find further information about the seminar in the file attached.
CEDEJ short term scholarships for fieldwork research in Sudan
The CEDEJ branch of Khartoum offers short term grants for students and young researchers working in social sciences. The center can also accommodate the beneficiary for a maximal duration of 15 days. The CEDEJ will facilitate the administrative procedure for the visa, research permit, travel permit but the CEDEJ can be hold responsible for any administrative difficulties or a denied visa. The center will also help the students for his fieldwork in Sudan.
The student has to hold a master 1 degree at minimum in social sciences
The student has to do his research about contemporary Sudan in one of these discipline: sociology, anthropology, geography, political science, economic science, history, law, development studies.
Application (in English or French) must be constituted by the following pieces:
A detailed curriculum vitae (including if applicable a list of works and publications)
A presentation of the applicant’s research project (5 pages maximum) including the issues at stake in the research, a methodology, a bibliography, the applicant’s motivations, the fieldwork places, a provisional timetable of the fieldwork, an estimate budget including other grants if the student receive any other funds.
The beneficiary is committed to write a report at the end of his fieldwork, a resume of the results of his fieldwork and a computer version of his master thesis or thesis when this one is over.
The application must be send by email to the CEDEJ coordinator: firstname.lastname@example.org. An acknowledge of receipt will be send back to you. The selection will on case by case basis all along the year within the limits of available funds.
A prior experience of research in Sudan, a knowledge in Arabic would be strong assets in the applicant selection process.
For further information you can contact us at email@example.com
Allocations de courte durée pour un travail de recherche de terrain au Soudan
L’antenne du CEDEJ à Khartoum propose des allocations de courte durée pour étudiants et jeunes chercheurs travaillant en sciences sociales. Le montant de la bourse sera déterminé au cas par cas, sur étude du dossier de candidature et du budget prévisionnel présenté. L’antenne peut également héberger allocataires et chercheurs de passage, dans la limite des places disponibles, et pour une durée consécutive maximale de 15 jours. Le CEDEJ s’efforcera de faciliter les procédures administratives pour l’obtention du visa et les recherches sur place, mais ne peut en aucun cas être tenu responsable des difficultés administratives et refus de visa. L’allocation ne sera définitivement attribuée et versée qu’une fois l’allocataire au Soudan.
Les conditions requises :
Posséder au moins un diplôme de niveau maîtrise ou master 1 à la date de la demande, obtenu dans une discipline des sciences sociales.
Proposer un thème de recherche portant sur le Soudan contemporain et s’inscrivant dans les disciplines suivantes : anthropologie, sociologie, géographie, science politique, économie, économie politique, histoire, droit, étude du développement
Le dossier de candidature (en anglais ou en français) doit être composé comme suit :
Un Curriculum Vitae (formation, diplômes passés et en cours, recherches précédentes et en cours, publications éventuelles) et un bref descriptif précisant son statut (étudiant de master, doctorant, post-doctorant, institution de rattachement, nom du directeur de recherche, discipline de recherche, titre du travail, année d’inscription)
Un projet de recherche de 3 à 4 pages précisant le projet individuel : l’objet, la problématique, la méthode, les lieux d’étude et le calendrier provisoire du séjour de recherche, ainsi qu’un budget prévisionnel en euros faisant apparaitre les autres financements dont il bénéficie.
L’allocataire s’engage à fournir un rapport écrit à l’issue de son séjour et une élaboration écrite des résultats de son enquête (les détails de cette participation seront précisés lors de l’élaboration de la convention d’allocation), ainsi qu’à transmettre une version informatique (pdf) de son mémoire ou de sa thèse une fois celui-ci achevé.
Les dossiers sont à envoyer, par email, à la coordinatrice du CEDEJ : firstname.lastname@example.org. Un accusé de réception sera envoyé pour chaque dossier. Si vous ne le recevez pas, il vous appartiendra de vérifier que votre dossier nous est bien parvenu et qu’il sera donc examiné. Les demandes seront traitées au cas par cas tout au long de l’année dans les limites des financements disponibles et les réponses adressées au fur et à mesure par courrier électronique.
Note : Une expérience précédente de recherche au Soudan ainsi que la connaissance de la langue arabe (dialecte soudanais) seront considérées comme des atouts majeurs pour la sélection du dossier.
Pour toute information supplémentaire concernant les activités du CEDEJ et ses programmes de recherche, consulter les détails sur le site ou adressez-vous à email@example.com.
Annual conference of the Italian Society for Middle Eastern Studies (SeSaMO)Venice, Ca’ Foscari University, January 16-17, 2015
CALL FOR PAPERS
Panel n. 3, title:
The Arab World and Sahelian Africa: the political economy of an evolving relationship
Giorgio Musso (Ph.D), University of Genova, firstname.lastname@example.org
Raphaelle Chevrillon-Guibert (Ph.D), University of Auvergne, email@example.com
Paper proposal must be submitted directly to the panel organizers (without addressing them to SeSaMO secretariat) and must include a short CV of the applicant and an abstract of max 400 words.
Deadline for abstract submission: August 24, 2014
Acceptance/rejection of paper proposals: September 7, 2014
Working languages: English and French
In this panel, we propose to analyse the multiple links existing between the Arab World and Sahelian Africa, with special attention to economic resource issues. Taking a political economy approach and focusing on the contemporary period, the panel aims to better understand which resources (in a broad sense) constitute the core of these relationships, in addition to how they are shared, controlled and managed. We also invite scholars who wish to examine actors who are at the heart of the resource accumulation processes and detail their development and evolution over time.
The term “resources”, for what concerns this panel, should be meant in the broadest meaning. It relates to the control, management and sale of natural resources (water, oil, mineral rents, etc.) as well as to a wider range of topics such as trade, remittances and foreign investment just to name but a few. As an example, analyses focusing on trade activities that historically constitute the core of the relations between the Sahelian Africa and Arab world as the cattle trade or the trade of manufactured goods will be greatly appreciated.
It is also possible to examine the development of economic relations between the Arab world and Sahelian Africa by crossing questions related to different types of resources and to new economic competitors. Contributions that will analyse the impact of the rise of new global actors – particularly China and the other Asian emerging powers – on the reorganization of economic relations between the Sahelian countries and the Arab-Muslim world, but also inside local societies, could be very relevant.
The existence of trans-Saharan long-distance trade links, pilgrimage routes connecting Sub-Saharan Africa with the Arabian Peninsula, the expeditions of explorers, conquerors and missionaries, give testimony to the strong and long-standing relationship that has been forged between the Sahel and the Arab-Muslim world.
Far from being anecdotal, these links historically unfolded in various political spaces and were central to the state-formation processes in the region. The famous ¨Forty Day Road¨ linking Darfur with southern Egypt is a prime example in this regard. It played a key role in the formation and development of the Darfur Sultanate, whose prosperity was built on the control of the trans-Saharan caravan trade.
Today, these links remain at the heart of multiple sociocultural, economic and political dynamics, which significantly affect political formations in the region.
The recent political upheaval in the Arab world, commonly referred to as the “Arab Spring”, shows that several processes were at play below an apparently “frozen” political surface. Many of the issues driving change (labour migration, the spread of satellite media and the internet, civil and religious activism, the rise of new economic actors, etc.) had a clear regional and, sometimes, transnational character which needs to be investigated. In this perspective, the Sahel has been one of the most affected regions The events in North Africa and the Middle East . Most of the interest and attention of researchers and policy makers in this regard has been focused on the security aspect of transnational relations, only marginally addressing the other aspects.
Strategic and security issues are important and should be adequately addressed. However, it is our intention to avoid the obsession with security that has characterized the literature, albeit non-academic, in this domain, since other relevant dynamics that link the Arab world to the Sahel tend to be overshadowed by security issues.
By studying these relationships through a broader lens, our panel aims to provide an alternative perspective on the relations between Sahelian Africa and the Arab world, placing them in a wider historical and geopolitical context in order to convey their complexity.
The panel wishes to understand both the continuities and breaks in the relations between the Arab world and Sahelian Africa at different levels of observation and analysis (local, national, international, regional, transnational, etc.). Our panel therefore invites contributions assuming a dynamic perspective on the connections between the micro, meso and macro levels in which actors operate and interact with each other. Papers analysing how states and societies shape each other through the control and management of resources will be particularly welcome. We suggest contributors to frame their study in a historical perspective, although we expect papers to be centred on the contemporary period.
The changing nature of borders, the emergence and decline of transnational actors, the transformation of power relations will be central to our analysis, especially as we consider an area widely regarded as peripheral to both the Arab and “black” Africa.
We believe that is precisely the liminal nature of the Sahel that makes it central to multiple dynamics of connection, exchange and conflict. However, because of their geographic location at the periphery of the Arab-Muslim world, the Sahelian countries – which nevertheless share many characteristics of the core countries of the Arab world – are usually excluded from analyses on the transformations of the area. In light of how porous both the physical and conceptual borders of North African and Sahelian countries are, this panel will be also an opportunity for a reflection on the established research patterns covering the Arab-Muslim world. This may open new avenues of research, based on a broader understanding of the processes at work in the Arab-Muslim world.
This panel therefore aims to bring together studies dealing with economic resources which are at the heart of relations between Sahelian Africa and the Arab world. Applicants are invited to use a political economy approach focused on multiple scale levels. However, contributions tackling the research object from other disciplinary fields will be appreciated and evaluated. The use of sources resulting from fieldwork and empirical analysis will be a key criterion for the evaluation of proposals.
Selected authors will be invited to participate to a special issue that will be proposed to an academic journal covering the Arab-Muslim world, such as the International Journal of Middle East Studies or the Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée, or to an African studies journals such as The Journal of Modern African Studies or Politique africaine.
The two formers PhD students from CEDEJ, Laure Crombé (geography at University of Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense and University of Fribourg)
and Philippe Gout (international law at the Institute of Higher International Studies (Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas University) are taking part of the Summer school “Les sciences sociales au Proche-Orient à l’épreuve de leurs sources » at Ifpo (http://www.ifporient.org/node/1529)
in Beirut, (7-11 July 2014). This week offers the opportunity to exchange and share their research on Sudan with other
PhD students working in social sciences from Morocco to Iraq about of the relation to the field and data collection.
This initiative brings back Sudanese research experiences among a wide field of social sciences in the Middle East and the Arab world.
These last months different Phd seminars were held at the Cedej center for Phd students supported by the Cedej. Each seminar gathered sudanese, french, foreigners researchers and Phd students interested or specialized on the topic of the seminar.
- Mai Azzam has presented her research the 6th of March on the youth religious identities in the Sufi orders. For more information about Mai Azzam and her research: http://cedejsudan.hypotheses.org/236 . Mai Azzam has a Cedej scholarships for her Phd.
- Philippe Gout has introduced his research the 4th of May related to « the Protection of minorities in the Peace-building Process in Sudan ». Mr Gout is at the end of his fieldwork scholarship granted by the Cedej. For more information about Philippe Gout research see our website : http://cedejsudan.hypotheses.org/162 .
- Azza Mustafa Ahmed has introduced her research the 15th of May about the analysis of political parties discourse with the case of the Umma Party. Azza Mustafa Ahmed is a Phd student in political science at the University of Khartoum.
- Claire Gillette a french student in geography at Paris 1 Pantheon Sorbonne, has introduced the 25th of June her research about sanitation in Khartoum. In the following of the WAMAKHAIR research program on the water sector, her work explores the various sanitation and sewage systems that coexist in the city and focuses on a study case in Deim and Amarat.