Séjour de recherche postdoctoral – Atlas 2020

Date limite de candidature : 16 mars 2020

 

La Fondation Maison des sciences de l’homme (FMSH) et le Centre français des études éthiopiennes (CFEE) proposent à des postdoctorants ou à de jeunes chercheurs résidant en France, une aide à la mobilité pour réaliser un séjour de recherche de 2 à 3 mois dans la Corne de l’Afrique (Ethiopie, Erythrée, Djibouti et Somaliland).

Seront soutenus des projets de recherche qui s’inscrivent dans la politique scientifique du CFEE, en synergie avec ses chercheurs ou ses partenaires dans la région. Les projets interdisciplinaires sont bienvenus.

Cet appel s’inscrit dans le cadre du programme Atlas de mobilité postdoctorale de courte durée lancé par la FMSH et ses partenaires.

Plus d’informations sur ce lien : https://cfee.hypotheses.org/5268

 

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS: 2020 FIELD GRANTS – CEDEJ KHARTOUM

Khartoum, 1st January 2020

Call Grant Field Work CEDEJ Khartoum 2020

The French Centre for Economic, Law and Social Studies in Khartoum (CEDEJ Khartoum) offers support grants for field works to be conducted in Sudan during the year 2020 (from 1st February until 15th December 2020). These grants shall be dedicated to transportation costs, accommodation, translation, and any research related expense. The grant shall partly or completely cover the expenses of field work. There is no nationality restrictions. Applications can be written in French or in English.

These grants for the year 2020 are supported by the French Crisis Centre (Fonds de stabilisation du Centre de Crise) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the French National Centre for Scientific Research, and CEDEJ Khartoum. Deadline for application: 31st January 2020.

 

Eligibility

The scholarship is open to candidates in Social Sciences and Humanities: Sociology, Geography, History, Political Science, Anthropology, Economy and Law, international relations, war studies. Master students, PhD candidates, researchers or independent researchers are welcome to apply.

 

Call and Proposals – Priority Topics

After the huge popular movement that led to the fall of the 30-years long regime of Omar El-Bashir on April 11th 2019, most of the history of the mobilization and the ongoing transition remain to be written. In order to deepen our understanding of the political events which have been taking place since 2018 in Sudan, and in order to consider them in a broader historical perspective, CEDEJ Khartoum shall support in priority proposals related to three main research areas in 2020: 1. the study of social movements; 2. The ongoing political, economic and social reconfigurations; and 3. sociology of elections. For each of these thematic issues, multi scales analysis will be welcome (international, local, national).

 

  1. The propositions on social movement may consider the history of mobilizations, in a long term perspective: economic, social or political roots and the structuration of the social movements. They may also focus on specific aspects of the movement on the short term (mapping in the demonstrations, role of the social media, songs and words of the revolution, etc.). A sociology of the social movement may also be welcome (the youth, artists, the question of class, dynamics of militantism, mobilizations at the level of the neighborhoods, in rural areas, the role of diasporas, professional association, political parties, Sufi leaders…).
  2. Propositions dealing with the ongoing reconfiguration of the political scene and the remaining challenges, at different levels, are also welcome. What has been called the “deep state” in the media still requires specific research focusing, for instance, on precise branches of the administrations in order to understand the recent and ongoing dynamics of state agents’ mobilities, evictions, and their relation to the regime and the (complaining citizens). The evolution of devolution and the relations between the central and the regional administrations shall also be an important issue to be discussed in the coming years. Again, it may be needed to put this aspect in an historical perspective, but proposals can also focus on contemporary or immediate political history (armed groups, ongoing negotiations, negotiation in the distribution of power between the government and the regions etc.). The reconfiguration of the political party system also represents a central issue, be it in terms of historical cleavages, or in terms of current parties’ evolutions due to the evolution of the leftist parties, and parties based on a certain version of political Islam. Political economy will be a central aspect of these reconfigurations, the challenges remaining huge (re-structuration of the debt, sources of revenues, land related issues, structure of the market, sociology of the business elites…). Last but not least, the transition will also depend on the restructuration of the Armed and security Forces. What kind of models are being applied? Who are the local and international advisors helping implementing these models?
  3. A few research have already been conducted on elections in Sudan. The current reconfigurations may allow further research to be conducted in the capital and the regions that were until recently not accessible. Electoral maps based on former elections may help us better understand the current mobilizations and what citizens have been for in Sudan until today. Abstentionism also may be explored, an issue still to be explored, leading to a broader thinking about what voting means for Sudanese citizens, depending on their social, geographical, and political situation and their relation towards the Sudanese state and successive regimes.

 

Though the main focus of this call shall be these above mentioned issues, we may also consider other proposals on issues related to the main research areas CEDEJ Khartoum has been hosting,

  • Migrations within/from/to/through Sudan and the Horn of Africa
  • Religion and politics
  • Sudan Political Economy
  • Sudan in its regional/international environment

 

Deliverables

Any grant received must be subject to a final report from the beneficiaries (5000 words).

The reports will be published in a series of papers of they reach the required quality, and a final book to be published in English at the end of the program.

 

Application and Selection

All applicants must send in one document a research project, including:

  • The title of the project
  • The address of the applicants, his/her affiliation
  • A short CV
  • A presentation of her project ( 3 000 words) detailing research issues, originality, methods, expected results, and feasibility of the project
  • A provisional program (timetable/dates of field work)
  • A provisional budget and the amount of support asked

Application shall sent to jeannicolas.bach@cedejkhartoum.com

A confirmation email will be sent to each applicant.

The scientific interest, feasibility and relevance of the project, the applicant’s ability to implement them, their innovative dimension, the suitability of the budget, co-funding sources, and the academic value (degree, scientific publication, data collection within a larger project…) will be criteria for evaluation and selection of application by a scientific committee.

 

Closing date for application: 31st January 2020. Selection of candidates will be made by the Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum and a selection pluri-disciplinary selection committee.

 

The scholarships will then start as soon as possible from February 1st.

The grant beneficiary will receive 50% of the grant (in euros when bank transfer is possible) at the beginning of the fieldwork. The beneficiary will receive the remaining payment when the final report is submitted to CEDEJ Khartoum and after validation by the scientific committee.

 

Jean-Nicolas Bach – Director CEDEJ Khartoum

 

 

 

OFFRES D’EMPLOI – Centre Afrique Subsaharienne de l’IFRI

L’Ifri recrute un.e chercheur.e au sein du Centre Afrique subsaharienne. Thématiques de recherche : urbanisation, classes moyennes, NTIC. Plus d’informations sur les missions sur la fiche de poste ci-dessous.

L’Ifri recrute également, au sein du Centre Afrique subsaharienne, un.e stagiaire à partir de février 2020 et pour une durée de 6 mois. Plus d’informations sur les missions et le profil recherché ci-dessous.

Conference – Towards a New Social History of Sudan

10-11-12 December 2019, Paris

Organized by Elena Vezzadini (IMAF), Lucie Révilla (LAM Bordeaux), Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum) and Anaël Poussier (Paris 1)

The historiography of modern and contemporary Sudan has been shaped by its political history. Indeed, historians have often been called upon to respond to contemporary crises – civil wars, regime changes, international conflicts – often according to criteria of urgency, at the risk of falling into a certain presentism. In this context, social history, which often requires a slower and punctilious form of research, which does not produce ready-made solutions to the multiple crises in the country, and which put at the centre stage the lives of “ordinary people” has struggled to assert itself on the academic scene.

This conference, which is also a research program, aims to put “ordinary people”, women and men, back at the center of Sudan’s modern and contemporary history. From the outset, we wish to emphasize that the term “ordinary people” should neither hide nor flatten the teeming complexity of Sudanese society. We also wish to consider all the dimensions related to the history of “exceptionally normal” people: their daily lives, beliefs, horizons and desires, their interconnections and circulations, while never forgetting the diversity of the various actors, be it related to their social class or their origin.

Taking the social history of “ordinary people”, including those of the marginalized peripheries, as a starting point for historical research opens up new perspectives, not only on the political history of the country, but also on the changes, breaks and crises that the country has gone through. This includes the understanding of great popular revolutionary episodes that have been pivotal for its history, such as the one that has been taking place since December 2018 and brought the end of Omar al-Bashir’s regime (1989-2019).

Registration and program link here.

Sources: An Interdisciplinary journal on materials and their uses in African Studies

Sources grew out of the observation that academic journals tend to encourage theoretical and epistemological advances at the expense of the field materials under analysis. This journal’s mission is twofold: first, to resituate at the core of the articles the materials upon which researchers produce their reflections, while providing direct access to these materials; and second, to present analyses focusing on the contexts surrounding the production of these materials and their uses. This return to sources deriving from field work will take place in conjunction with topical thematics in African and Africana studies in the social sciences and humanities and will promote interdisciplinary dialogue. Sources thus aspires to restore full visibility to iteration for producing theoretical insights, that is, the movement back and forth between a research problem and the field, between interpretation and data.
More information on this journal down below (English and French).

 

“The Ethiopian-Eritrean Rapprochement After Year One: Cycles of Hope and Despair in Eritrea”

By Tanja R. Müller.

Abstract.
The stalemate that followed the end of a two-year war between Eritrea and Ethiopia in 2000 was over when new Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed unconditionally offered the implementation of peace to Eritrea in July 2019. As a consequence of this rapprochement, many within Eritrea and observers from the outside expected political and economic changes to take hold in Eritrea. In this article I discuss how the first months after the peace agreement did result in a short-lived period of changing conditions of everyday life in Eritrea, largely triggered by the fact that the border between both countries was now open and could be crossed with relative ease. Since the border closed again from April 2019 onwards, a new period of static stalemate has taken hold within Eritrea. This is accompanied by increasingly vocal diaspora engagement most prominent via social media through attacks on the Eritrean President and the demand for his overthrow. While some have drawn parallels to the political change in Sudan expecting a similar scenario to occur, within Eritrea people see such comparisons with caution and in general are vary of the scenarios coming from the divided diaspora. In addition, the Eritrean regime is perhaps less fragile than it may look. And a lesson from Sudan might be that the vili cation of a leader in power is more likely to hinder than advance sustainable political change.

https://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/sites/sciencespo.fr.ceri/files/OAE14201911.pdf 

 

“L’échec des politiques du Premier Ministre Abiy Ahmed pour endiguer les conflits ‘ethniques’ en Ethiopie”

Par Jeanne Aisserge

Résumé.
Les violences intercommunautaires croissantes en Éthiopie sont souvent attribuées aux activistes radicaux pro tant de l’ouverture démocratique prônée depuis près d’un an et demi par le nouveau Premier ministre Abiy Ahmed. Cependant, l’examen critique et sur le terrain des politiques menées par son gouvernement révèle non seulement leur ambiguïté et leur non aboutissement formel, mais aussi le recours moins officiel à des pratiques inquiétantes comme la mobilisation de jeunes miliciens sur des bases ethniques, alimentant la confusion générale sur le projet réformiste en cours et les ambivalents replis ethno-nationaux qu’il suscite.

 

Being Arab, Muslim, Sudanese : launching of « Working Papers » series

The AUF-PCSI program “Arabité, islamité, ‘soudanité’” / Being Arab, Muslim, Sudanese, launches a “Working Papers” series. The final scientific results of the research team will be published in a special Issue at the end of the project in 2020, this proposal aims to disseminate short contributions from the researchers, in order to enhance the interest of specific original ethnographic data linked to the main issues of the project. During the last year of the program (2020), the Working Papers will be published online with a quarterly frequency.

Working Paper n. 1, October 2019, Changing the state of being. Muslim notions of life, death and the hereafter in Western Sudan, by Bakheit Mohammed Nur.

Research Associate for Transnational Lived Citizenship Project – Manchester

This is a post-doctoral position for the ESRC-funded project: Transnational lived citizenship: Practices of citizenship as political belonging among emerging diasporas in the Horn of Africa.

The post holder will play a central role in the project working closely with the Principal Investigator, Dr Tanja Müller, and Co-Investigator, Dr Oliver Bakewell, to help refine the project design, develop research instruments and undertake fieldwork in Addis Ababa, Khartoum and Nairobi.

The researcher will be the focal point for networking with project partners and other stakeholders in the region. They will contribute to analysis, writing for academic publications and dissemination activities.

Further particulars and job description down below.

Environmental Knowledge and Nature(s) in Africa: Collecting, Producing and Analysing Research Materials

Call for papers for Sources: An Interdisciplinary journal on materials and their uses in African Studies.

This issue of the journal Sources, forthcoming in 2021, would like to place at the center of reflection those objects that have become research materials and have participated and, for some, still participate in the production, transmission and discussion of naturalistic and environmental knowledge in Africa and about Africa.

More information on this call for papers down below (English and French).

Soutien à Fariba Adelkhah et Roland Marchal

Please find Below the recent releases from Politique Aricaine and FASOPO for the support of our colleagues Fariba Adelkhak and Roland Marchal, who have been detained in Iran since June. Our thoughts go to them, their families, relatives and our colleagues.

Support letter from ACPA for our friends and colleagues

Fariba Adelkhah and Roland Marchal, scientific prisoners in Iran

The news of the arrest of our friend and colleague Roland Marchal, CNRS researcher at the Centre for international relations (CERI) at Sciences Po and chief editor of our journal Politique africaine from 2002 to 2006 was announced in the French press on the 15th of October.

He was arrested early June, along with another of our dear friends and colleagues, Fariba Adelkhah, research director at CERI, Sciences Po and an expert on Iran. He has similarly been incarcerated in Tehran, in Evin prison, for more than four months. Revealing Roland’s name or not, was discussed at length among his relatives and colleagues after only Fariba’s name was revealed in Iran in July. We eventually took the decision to not release his name to the press, following the advice of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, but also taking into account the experiences of colleagues from other countries who have also been imprisoned in Iran and especially the risks faced by our friends and by those who work to help them in Iran. For the last four months, the silence kept by our entire academic community but also by the informed journalists was remarkable. This is the manifestation of both a great solidarity and an extreme prudence necessary to address a particularly complex and worrying situation.

Roland is an internationally recognized sociologist, a great specialist of Africa and a very hard working, rigorous and solid researcher. He has been doing fieldwork for several decades on conflicts in Somalia, Chad, Sudan, Central African Republic and more recently in Mali. No doubt that he did not imagine that it would be in Iran, which is remote from his areas of expertise, that he would be arrested and charged with a « threat to the security of the state ».

We are deeply affected and revolted by our colleagues’ long and unfounded incarceration. We are in full support of the action of the European academic association of FASOPO (Fonds d’analyse des sociétés politiques), of which Fariba and Roland are founding members. As soon as they were arrested, FASOPO immediately mobilized a community of researchers. We stand with them to reiterate the call for their immediate release, and the suspension of all scientific and cultural cooperation with Iran. We call on French and European universities to immediately interrupt their exchanges with Iran, both in the field of hard sciences and social sciences. We also call on academics around the world to express their solidarity with our friends and colleagues and with all academic prisoners held in Iran.

Fariba and Roland are of the same style: that of intellectuals extremely active on the academic scene, totally devoted to their research and driven by values of intellectual honesty and professional ethics far removed from the accusations they are now facing. These are two strong voices from the academic field that, in addition to being sorely missed by their family, friends and colleagues, are also missing to our scientific community.

We express our unwavering support to them and their families and ensure we will remain mobilized until their release. Please disseminate this information as widely as possible in your African and international networks.

You can find the FASOPO press release on the FASOPO website where you will find a press review, the biographies of Fariba and Roland and the press releases translated in several languages.


 

Laurent Fourchard (Outgoing President of ACPA) and Sandrine Perrot (President of ACPA)

For the Associations des Chercheurs de Politique africaine (ACPA)

Ci-dessous le communiqué du FASOPO sur la détention de nos deux amis Fariba Adelkhah et Roland Marchal, prisonniers scientifiques.

http://www.fasopo.org

Détention de deux chercheurs français en Iran

Le Figaro a pris la responsabilité de rendre publique la détention en Iran de Roland Marchal que nous avions tenue confidentielle sur la recommandation du ministère français des Affaires étrangères, après que des réseaux sociaux iraniens eurent communiqué l’arrestation de la seule Fariba Adelkhah, à la mi-juillet. Cette discrétion semblait préférable aux autorités françaises qui s’étaient immédiatement engagées, au plus haut niveau, pour obtenir la libération de nos collègues dès que nous avions signalé leur disparition, le 25 juin, mais souhaitaient éviter toute surenchère nationaliste à Téhéran. Elle nous le semblait aussi a vu des expériences des collègues étrangers s’étant trouvés dans la même situation, qui soulignaient combien la mobilisation médiatique « occidentale » avait été soit inutile, soit pire, contre-productive en risquant d’aggraver les conditions de détention des prisonniers scientifiques et les perspectives de libération.
L’arrestation concomitante de Fariba Adelkhah et Roland Marchal semble en fait remonter au 5 juin. Tout l’été, les autorités françaises ont poursuivi leurs efforts. Elles n’ont obtenu d’exercer leur droit de visite consulaire que pour Roland Marchal, et non pour Fariba Adelkhah dont le gouvernement iranien ne reconnaît pas la nationalité française, conformément à sa doctrine. Nos deux collègues bénéficient par ailleurs de l’assistance d’un avocat. A ce jour, ils restent soumis à des interrogatoires dans l’aile de la prison d’Evin que gèrent les Gardiens de la Révolution.
Nous ne ferons aucun commentaire sur les affirmations du Figaro quant aux éventuelles tractations entre Paris et Téhéran dont feraient l’objet Fariba Adelkhah et Roland Marchal, car nous ne disposons d’aucune information vérifiée et vérifiable en la matière.
Nous rappelons que les arrestations d’universitaires étrangers se sont multipliées ces derniers temps en Iran, et que le cas de Fariba Adelkhah et Roland Marchal est loin d’être isolé. Nous savons par ailleurs que nombre d’universitaires iraniens sont emprisonnés pour des raisons politiques, sur la base d’inculpations fantaisistes.
En même temps que notre solidarité avec nos deux collègues, nous tenons à exprimer nos remerciements et notre reconnaissance aux diplomates et aux responsables politiques français pour leur action, discrète mais déterminée.
Rien ne justifie l’incarcération de Fariba Adelkhah et Roland Marchal. Ces derniers ont des activités strictement universitaires, n’ont aucun lien avec quelque service de renseignement que ce soit, ne mènent aucune activité politique en Iran. Toute allégation quant à leur implication dans des opérations d’espionnage ou de déstabilisation est grotesque, et ne devrait que provoquer le fou-rire pour qui connaît leur itinéraire professionnel et personnel, s’il ne s’agissait de leur liberté et de leur santé. La triste réalité est que les Gardiens de la Révolution les ont pris en gage pour on ne sait quel marchandage qui ne les concerne en rien, et selon un jeu de pouvoir tributaire du contexte régional qu’a créé l’administration Trump dans son bras de fer avec l’Iran.
Prenant acte du mépris de la liberté scientifique que manifestent les autorités iraniennes, et du danger que courent les universitaires qui se rendent en Iran, le Réseau européen d’analyse des sociétés politiques réitère sa demande aux institutions scientifiques et universitaires européennes de suspendre immédiatement toutes formes de coopération avec ce pays, autres que l’accueil en leur sein des étudiants iraniens, tout en exprimant sa confraternité avec les enseignants et chercheurs iraniens confrontés à l’arbitraire de l’appareil sécuritaire de la République islamique.

Le FASOPO

CEDEJ Khartoum