Retrouvez ce dossier en ligne sur Cairn/ Issue available Online:
14h Paris. (12h Rabat, 13h Tunis, 14h Le Caire,
15h Beyrouth/Koweït, 16h Abu Dhabi/Mascate)
« Politique des chiffres au Maroc en temps de pandémie »
La crise du Covid-19 a été marquée très rapidement par la question de l’accès aux données épidémiologiques et de la collecte de ces données.
De nombreux gouvernements ont été accusés de masquer la réalHé de l’épidémie notamment en Iran ou en Egypte. D’autres, en revanche, ont institué des points de presse régulier pour jouer la carte de la transparence de l’information comme le Maroc ou la Tunisie alors que le graphique publié dans The Lancet sur vague épidémique et capacité du système de santé se popularisait et était abondamment mobilisé pour justifier les politiques publiques de confinement. Les données statistiques apparaissent fondamentales pour comprendre l’épidémie mais aussi pour garantir un déconfinement efficient. Ici, nous souhaiterions interroger à partir du cas du Maroc, la question de l’accès et de l’interprétation de ces données. Dans un premier temps, il s’agira de réfléchir sur les données de santé communiquées par le gouvernement et la part d’incertitude qu’elles contiennent du fait même de la nature de la pandémie. La proportion de cas asymptomatiques, les choix opérés pour freiner la diffusion qu’est le confinement, le nombre limité de test, amènent à devoir estimer la diffusion de l’épidémie.
Or cela ouvre deux questions de recherche : la pertinence du recours aux modèles de calcul par comparaison internationale tant les structures démographiques et sociales sont hétérogènes, mais aussi sur la pertinence de l’échelle nationale après une politique de confinement strict du fait de la transformation de l’épidémie en plusieurs épidémies localisées.
Dans un second temps, nous souhaitons aussi dépasser la question purement médicale pour interroger aussi la vulnérabilité à travers d’autres critères notamment sociaux et ainsi réfléchir aux choix opérés alors que désormais l’épidémie affecte des catégories de population de plus en plus modestes du fait de la démultiplication de clusters industriels ou militaires. Il apparaît alors que l’obsession pour l’échelle nationale écarte la complexité des réalités localisées. Or, ces dernières sont difficilement analysables du fait même des données socio-économiques communiquées par la puissance publique. Intervenants Youssef Oulhote est titulaire d’un doctorat en épidémiologie et santé publique de l’EHESP. Il est enseignant chercheur d’épidémiologie et biostatistique à l’Université Publique du Massachusetts et ingénieur de recherche à l’école de santé publique de l’Université de Harvard. li est membre du comité scientifique de Tafra. David Goeury est docteur en géographie de Sorbonne Université. Il est membre du laboratoire Médiations de Sorbonne Université et chercheur associé au Centre Jacques Berque de Rabat. Il est l’auteur avec Philippe Sierra d’une Introduction à l’analyse des territoires. Il est membre du comité scientifique de Tafra.
Khartoum, 1st January 2020
The French Centre for Economic, Law and Social Studies in Khartoum (CEDEJ Khartoum) offers support grants for field works to be conducted in Sudan during the year 2020 (from 1st February until 15th December 2020). These grants shall be dedicated to transportation costs, accommodation, translation, and any research related expense. The grant shall partly or completely cover the expenses of field work. There is no nationality restrictions. Applications can be written in French or in English.
These grants for the year 2020 are supported by the French Crisis Centre (Fonds de stabilisation du Centre de Crise) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the French National Centre for Scientific Research, and CEDEJ Khartoum. Deadline for application: 31st January 2020.
The scholarship is open to candidates in Social Sciences and Humanities: Sociology, Geography, History, Political Science, Anthropology, Economy and Law, international relations, war studies. Master students, PhD candidates, researchers or independent researchers are welcome to apply.
Call and Proposals – Priority Topics
After the huge popular movement that led to the fall of the 30-years long regime of Omar El-Bashir on April 11th 2019, most of the history of the mobilization and the ongoing transition remain to be written. In order to deepen our understanding of the political events which have been taking place since 2018 in Sudan, and in order to consider them in a broader historical perspective, CEDEJ Khartoum shall support in priority proposals related to three main research areas in 2020: 1. the study of social movements; 2. The ongoing political, economic and social reconfigurations; and 3. sociology of elections. For each of these thematic issues, multi scales analysis will be welcome (international, local, national).
- The propositions on social movement may consider the history of mobilizations, in a long term perspective: economic, social or political roots and the structuration of the social movements. They may also focus on specific aspects of the movement on the short term (mapping in the demonstrations, role of the social media, songs and words of the revolution, etc.). A sociology of the social movement may also be welcome (the youth, artists, the question of class, dynamics of militantism, mobilizations at the level of the neighborhoods, in rural areas, the role of diasporas, professional association, political parties, Sufi leaders…).
- Propositions dealing with the ongoing reconfiguration of the political scene and the remaining challenges, at different levels, are also welcome. What has been called the “deep state” in the media still requires specific research focusing, for instance, on precise branches of the administrations in order to understand the recent and ongoing dynamics of state agents’ mobilities, evictions, and their relation to the regime and the (complaining citizens). The evolution of devolution and the relations between the central and the regional administrations shall also be an important issue to be discussed in the coming years. Again, it may be needed to put this aspect in an historical perspective, but proposals can also focus on contemporary or immediate political history (armed groups, ongoing negotiations, negotiation in the distribution of power between the government and the regions etc.). The reconfiguration of the political party system also represents a central issue, be it in terms of historical cleavages, or in terms of current parties’ evolutions due to the evolution of the leftist parties, and parties based on a certain version of political Islam. Political economy will be a central aspect of these reconfigurations, the challenges remaining huge (re-structuration of the debt, sources of revenues, land related issues, structure of the market, sociology of the business elites…). Last but not least, the transition will also depend on the restructuration of the Armed and security Forces. What kind of models are being applied? Who are the local and international advisors helping implementing these models?
- A few research have already been conducted on elections in Sudan. The current reconfigurations may allow further research to be conducted in the capital and the regions that were until recently not accessible. Electoral maps based on former elections may help us better understand the current mobilizations and what citizens have been for in Sudan until today. Abstentionism also may be explored, an issue still to be explored, leading to a broader thinking about what voting means for Sudanese citizens, depending on their social, geographical, and political situation and their relation towards the Sudanese state and successive regimes.
Though the main focus of this call shall be these above mentioned issues, we may also consider other proposals on issues related to the main research areas CEDEJ Khartoum has been hosting,
- Migrations within/from/to/through Sudan and the Horn of Africa
- Religion and politics
- Sudan Political Economy
- Sudan in its regional/international environment
Any grant received must be subject to a final report from the beneficiaries (5000 words).
The reports will be published in a series of papers of they reach the required quality, and a final book to be published in English at the end of the program.
Application and Selection
All applicants must send in one document a research project, including:
- The title of the project
- The address of the applicants, his/her affiliation
- A short CV
- A presentation of her project ( 3 000 words) detailing research issues, originality, methods, expected results, and feasibility of the project
- A provisional program (timetable/dates of field work)
- A provisional budget and the amount of support asked
Application shall sent to email@example.com
A confirmation email will be sent to each applicant.
The scientific interest, feasibility and relevance of the project, the applicant’s ability to implement them, their innovative dimension, the suitability of the budget, co-funding sources, and the academic value (degree, scientific publication, data collection within a larger project…) will be criteria for evaluation and selection of application by a scientific committee.
Closing date for application: 31st January 2020. Selection of candidates will be made by the Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum and a selection pluri-disciplinary selection committee.
The scholarships will then start as soon as possible from February 1st.
The grant beneficiary will receive 50% of the grant (in euros when bank transfer is possible) at the beginning of the fieldwork. The beneficiary will receive the remaining payment when the final report is submitted to CEDEJ Khartoum and after validation by the scientific committee.
Jean-Nicolas Bach – Director CEDEJ Khartoum
The Sir William Luce Fellowship is awarded annually to a scholar at post-doctoral level, diplomat, politician, or business executive, working on those parts of the Middle East to which Sir William Luce devoted his working life (Iran, the Gulf states, South Arabia and Sudan), and is hosted by Durham University during the Easter term of each academic year.
The Fund is looking for research proposals that examine historic aspects of Iran, the Gulf States, South Arabia and Sudan that throw light on contemporary events. The Fund notes that the University holds a Sudan Archive containing records relating to both Sudan and South Sudan. The Committee administering the Sir William Luce Memorial Fund reserves the right not to make an appointment to a Fellowship.
The Fellowship, tenable jointly in the Institute for Middle Eastern & Islamic Studies and Trevelyan College, entitles the holder to full access to departmental and other University facilities such as Computing and Information Services and the University Library. The Fellowship also carries a grant, accommodation and all meals for the duration of the Fellowship. Fellows reside at Trevelyan College and are warmly encouraged to take a full part in the life of the Senior Common Room during their residence.
The Fellow is expected to deliver a lecture on the subject of his or her research which will be designated ‘The Sir William Luce Lecture’, and should be cast in such a way as to form the basis of a paper to be published in a special edition of the Durham Middle East Papers series.
Applicants for the 2020 Fellowship (27 April-26 June 2020) should send a CV (of no more than 2 pages), a two to three-page outline of their proposed research and contact details for two referees, preferably by e-mail, by Friday 11 October 2019 to:
The Honorary Secretary
Sir William Luce Memorial Fund
Durham University Library
More information here.
L’exposition « 120 vaches », qui traite de la tradition du mariage Koj au Soudan du Sud à travers un film documentaire, un théâtre forum, des dessins, des vidéos et des performances d’artistes contemporains, se tiendra du 23 février au 30 mars 2019, au Centre d’arts plastiques de Saint-Fons.
Avec Malvina Barra, Camille Ducellier, Olivier Minot, Aliza Monchy, Tabita Rezaire, Cie l’Archipel.
Curateurs : Fabien Pinaroli, Nicolas Audureau.
Sur une proposition de SOS Sud Soudan – Populations et Cultures.
En partenariat avec Singa Lyon, Gnama Gnama Productions, Katarzyna Grabska et Alice Franck, chercheuses, anthropologue et géographe.
It is our pleasure to invite you to three Books’ presentations at the University of Khartoum!
Books recently published on Contemporary Sudan in the presence of their co-editors and contributors
University of Khartoum – Main LibrarySunday 14th October 20189.30 am – 12.30 am
Anne-Laure Mahé a soutenu avec succès sa thèse de doctorat le 13 décembre dernier. Intitulée «Négocier la domination autoritaire au Soudan : Développement participatif et dynamiques de pouvoir dans la province du Nord Kordofan», la thèse a été réalisée sous la direction de Mamoudou Gazibo à l’Université de Montréal. Le jury lui a unanimement décerné la mention « exceptionnelle ».
La nouvelle docteure a reçu il y a quelques jours le prix Bélanger-Andrew qui récompense une thèse de doctorat rédigée en français par un-e étudiant-e inscrit-e dans un département canadien de science politique et soutenue dans la dernière année, et s’accompagne d’une bourse de 1000$.
Nous félicitons chaleureusement Anne-Laure qui avait effectué deux séjours de recherche au Soudan avec le soutien du CEDEJ Khartoum en 2016 !
Anne-Laure Mahé successfully defended her thesis in December 2017 on «Négocier la domination autoritaire au Soudan : Développement participatif et dynamiques de pouvoir dans la province du Nord Kordofan» at the University of Montréal. Her thesis was of exceptional quality according to the examiners.
She was awarded a few days ago the Belanger-Andrew prize which rewards a science political thesis written in French by a Phd student of a Canadian university. The award comes with a 1000$ scholarship.
We extend our warmest congratulations to Anne-Laure who was an associate researcher in CEDEJ Khartoum in 2016 !
CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce that the African Studies Association awarded the 2016 Bethwell A. Ogot Prize to Elena Vezzadini’s book « Lost Nationalism Revolution, Memory and Anti-colonial Resistance in Sudan » (James Currey Press, 2015) for the best book on East African Studies.
As the jury of the African Studies Association wrote:
« Lost Nationalism offers a history of a formative yet largely forgotten event, Sudan’s 1924 Revolution, in which insurgents from the ‘White Flag League’ attempted to overthrown the British colonial state in the name of unity with Egypt. Vezzadini connects this event to a host of regional and global developments, forcing us to rethink the role and utility of identifying ‘revolutions’ in African History. The core argument – that nationalism in 1924 Sudan should be understood not as an external dislocation but rather as the result of deliberate internal social movements – not only challenges and revises existing Sudanese historiography, but also asks us to re-interrogate more broadly the relationship between revolution and nationalism during the twentieth century. This also reopens a rather old-fashioned topic, nationalism, to a very productive regional and chronological reframing, around issues of race, class, status, communicative action and ‘knowledge panics’, with inspirational effect. With a stunning depth and breadth of research, Vezzadini has produced a kind of ‘total’ event history, the foundation of which is a sustained socio-economic analysis of those who joined the revolution, to produce an important alternative account of an event deliberately orphaned by both embarrassed British officials and subsequent Sudanese nationalists. »
Katarzyna Grabska, associate researcher at CEDEJ Khartoum and at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies of Geneva (IHEID), coordinated from January 2014 to December 2015 the research programme « Time to Look at Girls: Adolescent Girls Migration and Development » with Nicoletta Del Franco and Marina de Regt (with the support of the Swiss Network of International Studies – SNIS).
Netsereab Andom, PhD student at the University of Khartoum and associated with CEDEJ Khartoum, recently presented a paper in « The Regional Workshop on International Migration from the Horn of Africa to Sudan and from there Onwards ».
Call for Paper
CEDEJ (French Research Centre for Social Sciences) in Khartoum and CFEE (French Centre for Ethiopian Studies) in Addis Ababa invite interested participants to a scientific conference that will take place in Khartoum, 16-18 November, 2015.
Supported by the Institut français in Paris, the conference aims to create an overview of the current state of research on migrations in the Horn of Africa. It will focus on the recent fieldwork conducted in the migrants’ and exilees’ areas of origins, transit and destination.
Mobility is a major socio-political and economic dynamic in the history of this region. African and European researchers have, for a long time, been examining the different scales and dynamics of migratory flows. Empirical approaches will be emphasized during the conference in order to provide an overview of the existing social science research on migration within the Horn of Africa.
Increasing internal migration combined with a growing number of displaced people in the sub-region (especially Somalia, Ethiopia, and Sudan) have caught the media attention, as the number of deathly shipwrecks in the Mediterranean sea involving migrants from the Horn region has skyrocketed in the recent years, particularly since the beginning of 2015.
This trend calls for a more attentive analysis of the various types of mobility and of the diverse impacts of such migrations. Such approach brings to examine how the diverse ramifications of migration are restructuring political and socio-economic relations at regional as well as national levels. The link between pastoralism and internal migrations is of great significance in this respect. More broadly, migration needs to be linked with regional developmental and economic disparities, transformations in livelihoods, and urbanization in a context of political, economic as well as environmental instability.
Local levels of internal mobility (whether “voluntary” or “forced”) cannot be isolated from trans-border dynamics. The explorations of migratory flows, including those of refugees and displaced persons across borders in the region (Somalia-Kenya, Eritrea-Ethiopia, South Sudan-Uganda, Sudan-Chad, Egypt-Soudan, etc.) as well as across the Red Sea, have demonstrated that refugee and migrant trajectories constitute a series of stages and routes of goings and comings, including commuter trajectories. Seasonal migrations and forced displacements caused by violence, conflicts and drought stand side by side with regional migrations towards countries which are perceived as being safer and better equipped to offer opportunities for a new life, or at least for survival.
These cross-border local migrations are linked to broader migration processes, which are a part of international mobility within a particularly unstable and challenging context. These aforementioned elements are due to protracted and contemporary conflicts. They are also embedded in authoritarian political systems, and affected by the policies deployed by international organizations in order to alleviate the lack of state regulations where states are supposed to be too fragile.
The Horn of Africa constitutes a frontier-region from more than one vantage point since it encompasses several heterogeneous migratory flows:
– Intra-regional migrations primarily linked with conflicts but also with economic and climatic catastrophes;
– Migrations to the oil-producing Gulf countries,
– Migrations to European countries and Israel, via Egypt or Libya.
Evidently, it is the migratory flow to European countries that is of special focus to the European Union as well as the major international organizations. While the international aid resources diminish and the immigration and asylum policies in European countries become more and more hostile towards those migrants arriving from the Horn of Africa, it seems pertinent to reevaluate the conditions that favour migrations in/from the region.
Funding policy related to humanitarian aid and development projects in the region is to be scrutinized, as well as the contribution of the diasporas (like the Somali and Sudanese diasporas in Great Britain, the Sudanese diaspora in Egypt, or the Eritrean Diaspora in Sweden and in the United States) to the economic viability of the country of origin or even to the very survival of the migrant communities scattered between African cities and refugee camps.
In this conference, we intend to distance ourselves from the studies that focus mainly on the causes of departure (the ‘why’ question), as a way to underscore instead the dynamics and conditions of mobility (the ‘how’ question).
We invite papers that elaborate the following themes, among others:
– What are the connections between the different scales of migration? To what extent are they interdependent? In this way, we avoid dualistic classifications which separate internal and international migrations, and rather favour the analysis of places of departure, transit and arrival, experiences of exile as well as circular and return migration.
– What are the recent developments of these migrations? How do they affect, at different scales, the political and economic situation of the countries of origin, transit and destination?
– What are the diverse networks and agents that encourage, support and benefit from the processes of migration? What role do the new technologies and communication networks play in influencing and orienting the pathways of migrants?
– What are the institutional, economic, political and social modalities that frame the experiences of migrants in the places of origin, transit and destination? To what extent are they heterogeneous and what are the interfaces between them?
– In what ways does the experience of migration affect and transform identities, statuses and social relations of individual migrants and their groups?
– To what extent can interdisciplinary approaches contribute to a deeper understanding of migratory processes?
We encourage a close consideration of generational and gender sensitive lines of analysis in addressing these themes.
Please send abstracts of a maximum of 400 words and a short biographical note no later than 23 May, 2015, to firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com. Please indicate if your institution can support your travel expenses and become a partner of the event, or if, on the contrary, you require a financial support from the organisers of the conference. Due to limited funding, only a small number of travels will be covered.
– Katarzyna Grabska (IHEID, CEDEJ Khartoum)
– Hélène Thiollet (CNRS, Science Po)
– Alice Franck (CEDEJ Khartoum)
– David Ambrosetti (CFEE)
The Director of the CEDEJ Cairo, M. Bernard Rougier, and M. Roman Stadnicky, researcher at the CEDEJ had visited Khartoum during November in order to meet the Khartoum team. During this work visit they attended a presentation of the team and researchers of the CEDEJ Khartoum, a conference at the University of Khartoum.
At the presentation of the CEDEJ team the participants were : Bernard Rougier (Director of CEDEJ), Alice Franck (Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum), Roman Stadnicki (Researcher at CEDEJ Cairo), Elena Vezzadini (Associate researcher CEDEJ Khartoum, University of Bergen), Franck Derrien (Associate researcher CEDEJ Khartoum), Guillaume Sauloup (PhD Candidate University Paris 1), Netsereab Andom (PhD Candidate University of Khartoum), Noah Hamza (PhD Candidate University of Khartoum), Azza Musatafa (PhD Candidate University of Khartoum), Nathalie Coste (PhD Candidate Science Po Paris), Laure Crombé (PhD Candidate University Paris X)
They also participated in different workshops with the coordinator of the Khartoum branch and the Embassy about the future of the CEDEJ Khartoum and to strengthen the relations and partnership between Cairo and Khartoum.
Eric Denis, from the CNRS and part of the Lab GEO-CITE, has submitted the 1 of December for his accreditation to supervise research a synthesis of his research entitle « Ville, urbanisation et propriété: Egypte, Sud Soudan et Inde » (« City, Urbanization and property: Egypt, South Sudan, India ») at the University Paris 1. This synthesis is the result of years of fieldwork in Egypt, South Sudan and India.
You will find more details in French in the document attached.