Archives de catégorie : Research

Seminar Paris 8

Book launch

Anthropology of Law in Muslim Sudan. Land, Courts and the Plurality of Practices (Brill 2018)

Mardi 19 juin 2018, à 17h
EHESS, 105 Boulevard Raspail, salle 13

La dernière séance du séminaire annuel « Anthropologie comparative des sociétés et cultures musulmanes » sera consacrée à la présentation de l’ouvrage Anthropology of Law in Muslim Sudan. Land, Courts and the Plurality of Practices (Brill 2018). Résultat d’enquêtes menées dans le cadre du projet ANR ANDROMAQUE – Anthropologie du Droit dans les Mondes Musulmans Africains et Asiatiques (2011-2014), le volume analyse le caractère hybride des systèmes juridiques et la pluralité des pratiques légales dans des contextes urbains et ruraux du Soudan contemporain, en interrogeant la relation complexe entre islam et société. La séance sera animée par les coéditeurs, Barbara Casciarri et Mohamed Babiker (Department of Law, University of Khartoum) avec la participation de Munzoul Assal et Mohamed Bakhit (Department of Social Anthropology, University of Khartoum).

Séminaire de l’équipe « Anthropologie comparative des sociétés et cultures musulmanes » (LAS)

Organisateurs : Yazid Ben Hounet (Chercheur CNRS – LAS), Anne-Marie Brisebarre (Directrice de recherche CNRS émérite, LAS), Barbara Casciarri (MCF HDR, Paris 8), Tarik Dahou (Chercheur HDR, IRD) et Marie-Luce Gélard (MCF HDR, Paris 5).

Conference – “Justice and inequalities” – LAVUE Institute
Thursday 21 June, 3pm
Université Paris 8 Saint-Denis, Room D 253

Urbanization Dynamics in Sudan and Greater Khartoum.  Anthropological Insights on Identity Issues and Socio-spatial Justice

by Munzoul A.M. ASSAL & Mohamed A.G. BAKHIT
University of Khartoum, Sudan
MOHAMED A. G. BAKHIT holds a PhD in Anthropology from the University of Bayreuth (Germany). The title of his 2015 thesis is: Identity and Lifestyles Construction in Multi-Ethnic Shantytowns: A Case Study of Al-Baraka Community in Khartoum, Sudan. Since 2010 he has been a lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology at the University of Khartoum, where he is today Head Department and Associated Professor. His main research interests are identity change, urbanization, minority groups, and citizenship.
MUNZOUL A.M. ASSAL holds a PhD in Anthropology from Bergen University (Norway). The title of his 2004 thesis is: Sticky Labels or Rich Ambiguities? Diaspora and Challenges of Homemaking for Somalis and Sudanese in Norway. He is Professor at the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology and Deputy Director of the Peace Research Institute at the University of Khartoum. Since 2009, he is the coordinator for the Sudanese partner of the Scientific Agreement between the University of Khartoum and University Paris 8. His research focuses on refugees, IDPs, humanitarianism and citizenship.

Vladimir Cayol: Scientific assistant and intern in CEDEJ

Vladimir Cayol holds a master’s degree in the field of Africa and the Middle East and International Cooperation from the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. He has been an intern in CEDEJ Khartoum where he has been assisting the coordinator with administrative tasks, and also working on migration issues from September 2017 to April 2018. He started working on this topic in EHESS while writing a research paper on the migration of Soninke people for his master’s degree in Anthropology.

In Sudan, his researches focused on the European Union’s migration policies and more specifically on the implementation of the European Union Trust Fund. This financial tool, which was financed by 3.4 Billion euros, aims at “addressing root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement”, protecting migrants along the migratory roads, and fighting against criminal networks which organize illegal migration. Vladimir organized a seminar at CEDEJ to present his work.

JOB OFFER: Program specialist for the International migration initiative (IMI) at the Open Society Foundations – London

The Open Society Foundations seeks a Program Specialist to provide support to the International Migration Initiative (IMI), and specifically to its Fair Work program area. IMI seeks a dynamic and committed program specialist to support the design, planning and implementation of IMI’s Fair Work program area. The position requires knowledge of labor migration issues as well as passion to improve the situation of migrant workers as part of a broader movement for economic, gender and racial justice.

IMI’s Fair Work program area’s strategy aims to improve government policies and business practices to ensure a fair deal for migrant workers; to build migrant workers’ voice, power, and influence through organizing activities and coalition-building, and to challenge the culture of impunity by expanding migrants’ access to legal remedies.

Essential duties and responsibilities include:

  • Supporting programmatic efforts by conducting a wide range of activities related to the grant making process as well as analytical work in support of strategy development and the design and evaluation of program work.
  • Keeping abreast of key issues and developments in the labor migration field.
  • Assessing partner organizations, including evaluating aspects of their financial health.
  • Administrative responsibilities.
  • Developing concept notes, agendas, and other materials for convenings.
  • Participate in preparing and presenting portfolio reviews.

Candidate Profile:

  • 3-5 years of progressively responsible experience in a situation relevant to the duties of this role is typically required to develop the skills required for this role.
  • Knowledgeable on issues relating to labor migration, workers’ rights and worker organizing.
  • Excellent written and spoken communication in English.
  • Highly skilled in researching, processing large amounts of information, and analyzing its importance in informing OSF programs and strategies.
  • Ability to recognize and work effectively in compliance with internal policies and external constraints.
  • Organized; strong project management ability; self-directed on work initiatives; strong attention to detail.

Application deadline : June 11, 2018

Interested candidates should attach to their application a cover letter and a curriculum vitae. All call for applications at the Open Society Foundations are open to women and men of all cultures, backgrounds, and experiences. The IMI Department is committed to  providing reasonable accommodations so that people with disabilities are able to fulfill the essential functions of the job.

For more information, please visit the offer’s page (link above).

Ethnicity, Religion, Nationalism Crossed Insights from Anthropological Fieldworks at the Periphery of Arab-Muslim World Sudan-Morocco

Dear All,

CEDEJ Khartoum are very pleased to announce CEDEJ Khartoum next Seminar, Thursday 1st March, at 2:00pm at CEDEJ Khartoum.
Dr. Barbara CASCIARRI 
 
Ethnicity, Religion, Nationalism
 
Crossed Insights from Anthropological Fieldworks at the Periphery of Arab-Muslim World
Sudan-Morocco
 
 
(CEDEJ Khartoum Seminar Series on « Islams and Sudan »)
Barbara Casciarri holds a PhD in Ethnology and Social Anthropology from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris (France). She did fieldwork on economic and political anthropology in Sudan (1989-2016) among Arabic-speaking pastoralists and in a working-class neighbourhood of Khartoum (Deim), and in Morocco (2000-2006) on the relationship between Berber-speaking nomads and Arabic-speaking farmers. She was the coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum between 2006 and 2009. Since 2004, she has been Associate Professor at the Department of Sociology, University Paris 8 (France) and researcher at the LAVUE-UMR 7218. She has been scientific coordinator of two ANR Projects in Sudan: WAMAKHAIR (2008-2012) and ANDROMAQUE (2011-2014). Since 2009, she has been responsible for the scientific agreement between the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Khartoum, and Paris 8 University.
CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest « famous » building is an hospital : mustachfa « Jaber Abu el 3eez », mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a « CEDEJ » sign on the balcony).

CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest « famous » building is an hospital : mustachfa « Jaber Abu el 3eez », mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a « CEDEJ » sign on the balcony).

15.587513, 32.535053

Open Days of French-Sudanese scientific cooperation in Social Sciences Training and Research (University Paris 8, University of Khartoum, CEDEJ) (28th February-1st March 2018, Khartoum)

The Memorandum of Understanding signed in 2009 between the University Paris 8 (France) and the University of Khartoum (Sudan) has been recently renewed for the second time. During this period, French and Sudanese teachers, researchers and students from both universities had actively collaborated through various scientific exchanges matching research and training in Social Sciences studies on contemporary Sudan, with the support and participation of CEDEJ-Khartoum, and thanks to the central role played by the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology (Faculty of Economic and Social Studies). Starting in 2018 the tenth year of our partnership, we invite you to join the meetings organized in Khartoum to present the results of this international academic cooperation and to discuss about its future development.

Journées Portes Ouvertes UoK-Paris 8-CEDEJ last

Open Days UoK-Paris 8-CEDEJ last(1)

 

Pouvoirs et altérité dans la déclaration des zones humides d’intérêt international en Afrique : construction, légitimation et confrontation des savoirs sur la nature (SavNat-Afrique)

Partenaires : Laboratoire SAGE UMR 7363, Institut d’Ethnologie- Faculté de Sciences Sociales, Université de Strasbourg, ONCFS, CEDEJ (centre d’études et de documentation économiques, juridiques et sociales) Antenne Khartoum. MAEDI/USR 3123 CNRS
Résumé
Dans le cadre de la déclaration d’une zone humide d’intérêt international au Soudan sous les conventions internationales RAMSAR et AEWA, ce projet s’intéresse à la production de savoirs sur les oiseaux migrateurs. A partir d’une ethnographie multi située nous nous proposons d’étudier les dispositifs pédagogiques développés dans ce contexte ; d’analyser différentes situations d’échange, voire de controverse, autour de la légitimité des savoirs sur les oiseaux et les zones humides et d’interpréter les représentations graphiques ainsi que les discours concernant les espaces protégés et les différents acteurs impliqués dans le processus de conservation.

 

Équipe

Responsable scientifique : Luisa ARANGO

Post-doctorant : Guillaume CHRISTEN

Master Students : Eurydice DEVOS, Aurélien LOSSER, Romain DENIMAL

Artistic work: Alice LOULIN

SavNat Afrique (présentation) 24.04.2017

Migration and Displacement In and From Darfur

Program Title: Migration and Displacement in and from Darfur: Conflict, livelihoods and food insecurity. A research project to examine migration trends and inform policy”

Partners: SOAS, ODI, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies – University of Khartoum, CEDEJ Khartoum, Oxfam Sudan

Project sponsored by: SOAS/EU Trust Fund REF; the Dutch Embassy in Khartoum

Summary

The proposed research aims to examine trends, processes and drivers of migration and displacement in and from Darfur, with a particular focus on migration flows during its protracted conflict.  The research will provide insights into current mobility patterns, explore the reasons for migration and displacement, how it builds on past migration patterns, and the decision-making processes of actual and potential migrants and refugees. The findings will lead to better understanding of the recent changes in migration flows, in particular towards Europe, and of the effect of current interventions targeting migrants.  The study also aims to identify appropriate responses to reduce levels of irregular or unsafe migration or create opportunities to stay safely at home.  This proposal provides the justification for doing the research, the proposed research questions, methods, timeframe and budget.  It also provides background information on the nature and types of migration in Darfur.

In 2015 and 2016, Sudanese formed the fifth and sixth largest categories of migrants coming into Italy respectively, representing between 6.5-7% of migrants, or an estimated 10,600 in 2015 and 8,600 in 2016 by September (UNHCR, 2016a and b). Refugee sites in Europe report a large proportion of Sudanese, for example a survey in the Calais camp in France in July 2016 found that out of 7,037 refugees, 32% were Sudanese (Refugee Rights Data Project, 2016).

However, beyond these aggregate figures little is known about the trends and causes of migration in and from Sudan, and specifically Darfur in terms of changing patterns, destinations, reasons, processes of migration, or who is leaving.  Migration is rarely covered in aid agency assessments.

  • To explore current trends, drivers and constraints in migration in and from Darfur, particularly into Europe.
  • To inform policy and programming responses, in Europe and in Sudan, and to advise on appropriate interventions and the likely effect of current interventions targeting potential and actual migrants and refugees.

Geographical scope and purposive sampling

Within Sudan the geographical focus of the research will be Khartoum and Darfur, most likely North Darfur State and Central and/or West Darfur States, where different patterns of migration have traditionally been an important part of livelihoods, and which are known to be the geographic point of origin for migrant flows to Europe.   In Europe, the geographic focus will be Italy, France and the UK, where Sudanese migrants are known to have congregated, or to pass through.

Within the respective Darfur states selected for the study, a purposive sampling frame of different population groups will be constructed, that takes account of traditional and recent migration patterns, different livelihood and ethnic groups, and different experiences of the conflict in Darfur, according to the following draft criteria:

  • groups with a long history and tradition of migration as part of their livelihood strategy, for example the Zaghawa from north-west Darfur, or the Fur from Jebel Si and Kebkabiya in west-central Darfur.
  • groups from which it is known that some have migrated to Europe, and that have experienced violent conflict and displacement, for example in camps for the displaced such as Abou Shook or Zamzam camps near El Fasher town.
  • groups in selected state capitals within Darfur, for example El Fasher or Geneina, from where it is known that migrants have left[1]
  • if possible, groups in opposition-controlled areas (for example in Central Darfur state) from where it is known that migrants have left, as well as in government-controlled areas
  • if feasible, groups living in areas where EU funded projects have been/are being implemented

Final report to be issued first semester of 2018.

Team

Coordinators: Susanne Jaspars, Research Associate, SOAS, London; Margie Buchanan-Smith, Senior Research Associate, HPG/ODI.

 

[1] There will be overlap between groups 1-3.  Some of those with a long history of migration will have been displaced, including both the Zaghawa and Fur.  Those with a long history of migration will also present in state capitals.

Observatoire Afrique de l’Est

Program Title: « Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est » / « Observatory of Eastern Africa »

Partners

Coordinated by CEDEJ Khartoum and the Center for International Studies (CERI) of Sciences Po Paris

French Institute for international relations, http://www.ifri.org

Les Afriques dans le Monde, Sciences Po Bordeaux, http://lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr

French Center of Ethiopian Studies, Addis-Ababa, http://cfee.hypotheses.org

French Research Institute, Nairobi, http://ifra-nairobi.net

CEDEJ Cairo, http://cedej-eg.org

 

Summary

This Observatoire (2017-2020) is a research program coordinated by CEDEJ Khartoum and the Center for International Research at Sciences Po Paris. Reports are available online on CERI-Sciences Po website (http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est).

The Observatory issues regular reports related to current political issues in the Eastern Africa region, and the relation between it and the broader world: political violence, elections, external actors (Gulf, Asian, US, or European countries), development projects, human movements like migrations. The aim of this program is to enlighten current events from an academic perspective based on strong empirical research – often challenged by the difficult access to field work. The Observatory holds an international conference every year in Paris (October).

Team

Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum) & Roland Marchal (CERI Sciences Po)

Forthcoming Reports

Post-US Sanction Sudan, by Atta El-Battahani

The United Arab Emirates in the Horn of Africa, by Roland Marchal

Riding the crest of the wave? The 2017 election in Kenya’s democratisation process, by Kamau Waiwuri

Lastest Reports (http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est).

Dynamiques des mobilisations en Ethiopie depuis les élections de 2015, Note d’analyse, par Jeanne Aisserge, Août 2015

Kenya 2017: The Interim Elections?, Note d’Actualité, par Justin Willis, Nic Cheeseman, Gabrielle Lynch, July 2017

Le Soudan, un pays de destination ? Le cas des Syriens arrivés après 2011 à Khartoum, Note d’actualité, par Alice Koumurian, July 2017

Ethiopie: les forces de défense nationale à la manœuvre, Note d’actualité, par Patrick Ferras, juin 2017

Une Election somalienne, Note d’analyse, par Roland Marchal, April 2017

 

Résumé

L’Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est (2017-2020) est un programme de recherche coordonné par le CEDEJ Khartoum (MAEDI-CNRS USR 3123) et le Centre de Recherches internationales (CERI) de Sciences Po Paris. Il se situe dans la continuité de l’Observatoire de la Corne de l’Afrique qu’il remplace et dont il élargit le champ d’étude.

Les notes produites par l’Observatoire sont disponibles en ligne sur le site du CERI Sciences Po (http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est) – les notes antérieures (2013-2016) sont quant à elles disponibles sur le site du laboratoire Les Afriques dans le Monde : http://www.lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr/programme-recherche/observatoire-pluriannuel-des-enjeux-politiques-et-securitaires-dans-la-corne-de.

L’Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est a vocation à produire des Notes d’analyse et d’actualité autour des thématiques qui travaillent la région et ses relations au monde, tels que les dynamiques religieuses contemporaines, les violences politiques, les grands projets de développement, ou encore les circulations humaines. Il entend d’une part mettre en perspective historique l’actualité politique et d’autre part les alimenter d’études empiriques parfois négligées ou souvent difficilement accessibles.

Ce programme de recherche bénéficie du soutien de la Direction Générale des Relations Internationales et de la Stratégie (ministère de la Défense français). Il s’appuie par ailleurs sur un large réseau de partenaires à l’étranger, notamment les Institut français de recherche à l’étranger (le CFEE d’Addis-Abeba, l’IFRA Nairobi, le CEDEJ du Caire) et en France (l’Institut français des relations internationales, le CSBA, LAM-Sciences Po Bordeaux).

Vous trouverez sur cette page les Notes réalisées par les chercheur.e.s partenaires, les programmes et les vidéos des séminaires annuels (octobre 2017-2018-2019). Notez que le prochain séminaire annuel de l’Observatoire se tiendra au CERI le 19 octobre 2017.

Mots-clefs : Afrique de l’Est, Corne de l’Afrique, élections, violence, développement, terrorisme, islamisme, Djibouti, Egypte, Kenya, Erythrée, Ethiopie, Somalie, Somaliland, Soudan, Soudan du Sud

Team

Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum) & Roland Marchal (CERI Sciences Po)

 

Sudan Archive Visiting Library Fellowship, Durham University, 2018

This residential fellowship (Apr-June 2018) carries a small grant, accommodation and meals, and is a valuable research opportunity for doctoral students studying in Sudan, South Sudan, or the wider East Africa region, and whose research would be significantly supported by two months Sudan University at Durham University. More details are provided in the notice.

 

Sudan Archive Visiting Library Fellowship

Applications are welcomed from doctoral students studying Sudan, South Sudan, or the wider East Africa region, whose research would be significantly supported by two months’ study of materials held in the Sudan Archive at Durham University. The Fellowship will commence in April 2018.

The Sudan Archive was founded in 1957, the year after Sudanese independence, to collect and preserve the papers of administrators from the Sudan Political Service, missionaries, sol diers, business men, doctors, agriculturalists, teachers and others who had served or lived in the Sudan (now Sudan and South Sudan) during the Anglo Egyptian Condominium (1898 – 1955). There is also a significant amount of Mahdist material , papers relating to the military campaigns of the 1880s and 1890s, and also the post – independence period up to the present day. The Archive holds substantial numbers of papers relating to Egypt and African states bordering on Sudan and South Sudan. Most of the material is in English, with a small amount in Arabic. A summary of the collection is available online at https://www.dur.ac.uk/library/asc/sudan .

The Fellowship entitles the holder to full access to departmental and other University facilities such as Computing and Information Services, the University Library, and of course the Sudan Archive. The Fellowship carries a modest grant of £300, but also includes accommodation and all meals for the duration of the Fellowship. The Fellow will reside at Grey College during the Easter term 23 April-22 June 2018. The Fellow will also be encouraged to participate with the activities of the university’s Centre for Contemporary African History https://centreforcontemporaryafricanhistory.com.

Applicants should send a CV (of no more than 2 pages) and a two to three-page outline of their proposed research. Applicants should also arrange at the same time for their academic supervisor to send (directly) an academic reference supporting their application. These submissions should preferably be made by e-mail, and must arrive by 17:00 GMT Friday 1 December 2017.

The Gordon Memorial College Trust Fund will cover the international travel costs of successful applicants who are citizens of Sudan/South Sudan and who are resident in Sudan, South Sudan or a neighbouring country.

pg.library@durham.ac.uk

Sudan Archive Visiting Library Fellowship, Palace Green Library, Palace Green, Durham, DH1 3RN, United Kingdom

« Le Soudan, pays de destination? Le cas des Syriens arrivés après 2011 à Khartoum »

CEDEJ Khartoum and Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est are our pleasure to share with you the latest report of the Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est, written by Alice Koumurian: « Le Soudan, pays de destination? Le cas des Syriens arrivés après 2011 à Khartoum », Note d’actualité n°3.

Arrivée d’un stagiaire

Le CEDEJ Khartoum est heureux  de vous annoncer l’arrivée de Vladimir Cayol. Il sera présent au CEDEJ jusqu’au 31 mars 2018. Il travaillera sur la mise en oeuvre du processus de Khartoum. Il tachera dans le cadre d’une publication à venir de comprendre comment ce programme se met en place à l’échelle locale et comment se coordonnent les différents acteurs chargés de le mettre en oeuvre.

Field notebook: fieldwork in Sudan about ritual animal death

As part of their joint research program “Ritual animal death: circulations of standards and of representations. Comparative approach between France, Bulgaria (Balkans) and Sudan”, Alice Franck, Geographer and Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum, and two other researchers – Jean Gardin, Geographer and Assistant professor in Paris I Pantheon-Sorbonne University, and Olivier Givre, Anthropologist and Assistant professor in Lyon 2 University – have conducted a fieldwork in Khartoum, from August 20th to September 3rd, on the topic of ritual animal death.

For this purpose, they have met with a wide range of Sudanese actors: livestock traders, butchers, slaughterers, exporters, organizations in charge of the establishment of standards/norms (health or religious), charitable organizations, as well as veterinary services.

CEDEJ Khartoum has supported their fieldwork in Sudan.

Continuer la lecture de Field notebook: fieldwork in Sudan about ritual animal death

Fieldwork in Sudan social protection for Sudanese transnational families, a fieldnote by Ester Serra Mingot

A fieldnote by Ester Serra Mingot.

As part of the Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN), TRANSMIC (Transnational Migration, Citizenship and the Circulation of Rights and Responsibilities), I am conducting my PhD on “Transnational social protection: How Sudanese migrants in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom and their families in Sudan make use of social protection, locally and transnationally”.

This joint PhD project, between the University of Maastricht (Netherlands) and the University of Aix-Marseille (France), runs from 2014 until 2017.

During the course of the fieldwork in Sudan (mostly Khartoum and Omdurman), from August 3rd to October 16th 2016, I conducted ethnographic research with the families of the migrants I had previously met and interviewed in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom (UK).

Continuer la lecture de Fieldwork in Sudan social protection for Sudanese transnational families, a fieldnote by Ester Serra Mingot

« Stories from the streets of Khartoum », a fieldnote by Mai AZZAM

Stories from the streets of Khartoum

By Mai Azzam

Mai Azzam  is a junior anthropologist graduated from the University of Khartoum. Mai holds two master degrees in Anthropology. The first one is from the University of Khartoum 2010 and the latest is an  M.Phil. in anthropology of development from  the University of Bergen. Her research interests are on youth, Islam, and political anthropology. She worked with youth movements in Khartoum, Sudan, to explore more about youth role in public life in Khartoum. Mai worked in Khartoum as a junior researcher at CEDEJ (Centre d'Études et de Documentation Économiques, Juridiques et sociales) for three years. She also worked in different capacities with local NGOs in Khartoum and developed her activist personality.
Introduction
This is a series of life stories of young motivated people in Khartoum. It is a direct reflection from ethnographic material collected in 2015.  I spent six month for data collection among two charity associations in Khartoum namely Sadagaat and Shari’ Al Hawadith. Each association has started via informal methods and grows to fill a gap left by government privatization policies and investments on war and defense rather than social services.

Continuer la lecture de « Stories from the streets of Khartoum », a fieldnote by Mai AZZAM