Archives de catégorie : Research

International COnference – Observatoire Afrique de l’Est, Paris 14 March

Journée d’étude dans le cadre de l’Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est en partenariat avec le CEDEJ Khartoum et la Direction générale des relations internationales et de la stratégie (DGRIS).

9h15 – 9h30 : Introduction à la journée d’étude

Roland Marchal, Sciences Po-CERI/CNRS et Jean-Nicolas Bach, CEDEJ Khartoum

9h30 – 11h00 : La Mer rouge vue par des acteurs distants

Présidence : Fatiha Dazi-Heni, IRSEM, IEP de Lille

Seyyed Hamze Safavi, Université de Téhéran
View of Iran’s foreign policy sector toward the Persian Gulf and the Horn of Africa : interests and challenges

Laurent Bonnefoy, Sciences Po-CERI/CNRS, Paris
Oman : conceptualisation et opérationnalisation d’une politique étrangère singulière au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique

11h00 – 11h15 : Pause-café

11h15 – 12h45 : Visions régionales discordantes

Présidence : Clélie Nallet, IFRI, Paris

Harry Verhoeven, Oxford University – China-Africa Network
Riyal Politik? Gulf States and Changing Conceptions of Regional Order in the Red Sea and Horn of Africa

Michael Woldemariam, Boston University, Pardee School of Global Studies
The Regional Implications of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Rapprochement: Continuity and Change in the New Horn of Africa

13h00 – 14h30 : Déjeuner

14h30 – 16h00 : A la marge ou au centre des nouveaux enjeux

Présidence : Jean-Nicolas Bach, CEDEJ Khartoum

Alsir Sidahmed, Consultant international et journaliste
Sudan: Scenarios for a Red Sea Policy 

Sonia Le Gouriellec, Université Catholique de Lille
Djibouti l’oubliée 

Roland Marchal, Sciences Po-CERI/CNRS
Reconfigurations politiques somaliennes à l’aune de la compétition entre pays du Golfe

16h00 – 16h15 : Pause-café

16h15 – 17h30 : Panel de conclusion

Responsables scientifiques : Jean-Nicolas Bach, CEDEJ Khartoum et Roland Marchal, Sciences Po-CERI/CNRS

Latest report – Observatoire afrique de l’est

Please find on this link the latest report of the Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est (CEDEJ Khartoum – CERI Sciences Po): 


East Africa Oil and Gas: Silver Bullet or Complex Remedy
Note 8 – January 2019 by Patricia I. Vasquez
Patrica I. Vasquez
 is a Research Associate at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva

Abstract: East Africa has recently entered the global map of oil and gas exploration and production. Uganda and Kenya are about to become oil producers and Tanzania enlarged its endowment of world-class offshore natural gas reserves in recent years. Key to a successful development of the three countries ́ hydrocarbons industry is completion of the infrastruc- ture projects needed to monetize their reserves: mainly pipelines to carry landlocked oil to the coast for export and liquefaction facilities for transporting natural gas. The size, cost, and complexity of the projects pose great challenges to the development of the oil and gas sector. The quality of the sector governance in each of the three countries is also critical for securing a well-managed hydrocarbons industry, but unfor- tunately, challenges appear in the horizon. Oil decisions in Uganda and Tanzania are in the hands of a handful within the President ́s inner circle with typically little transparency. This makes it difficult to make autho- rities accountable for their actions. In the case of Kenya, management of the oil industry is more decentralized and the oil producing region has an increasing influence on how the sector is being managed. There, differences between the two levels of government that go beyond the mere mana- gement of the oil sector, and touch upon ethni- city and economic inequalities pose a challenge to a smooth development of the oil industry. This essay analyzes the domestic and regio- nal prospects and challenges that lie ahead for Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda as theydevelop their oil and gas industries.

Latest Report – Observatoire Afrique de l’Est

Dear all,  for those who read French, please find the latest report of the Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est (CEDEJ Khartoum-Sciences Po CERI), on this link: https://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/sites/sciencespo.fr.ceri/files/OAE7-112018.pdf 

L’Éthiopie d’Abiy Ahmed Ali : une décompression autoritaire

(Novembre 2018), Note 7, Jeanne Aisserge (chercheur indépendante) et Jean-Nicolas Bach (directeur du CEDEJ Khartoum)

Résumé

Le régime éthiopien s’enfonçait dans une profonde crise politique depuis 2014. L’élection d’Abiy Ahmed comme Premier ministre fin mars-début avril 2018 a conduit à un renversement de tendance inattendu et radical. Multipliant les signes d’ouverture et les appels à la paix en politique intérieure et extérieure, celui-ci apparaît aujourd’hui comme le sauveur qui a évité au pays de s’enfoncer dans le chaos. Il s’agit pour le nouveau Premier ministre d’assurer la survie du régime EPRDF, au moins dans un premier temps. Il est trop tôt pour parler de « transition » ou de ” démocratisation “. Aujourd’hui, la prouesse du Dr. Abiy relève de la « décompression » autoritaire qu’il a réussi à enclencher. Les défis plus systémiques restent à relever.

All the reports of l’Observatoire are available here : http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est 

SavNat Afrique – Cluster for sustainability research, Strasbourg

Bibliography

– Fassin, É., Fassin, D. (1988) « De la quête de légitimation à la question de la légitimité : les thérapeutiques “traditionnelles”auSénégal»,Cahiersd’ÉtudesAfricaines,vol.28,Cahier110, pp.207-231.
– Ingold, T., (2000), The Perception of the Environment. Essays in Livelihood, Dwelling and Skill, Londres, New York, Routledge.

– Hale, S., Kadoda, G. (2015), “Introduction. Identities evolving, mobilities expanding, and technologies intervening – Things come together” in S. Hale and G. Kadoda (eds.). Networks of knowledge production in Sudan: identities, mobilities, and technologies. Lanham; Boulder; New York; London: Lexington Books, pp. 1–22.

– Calkins, S. (2016), « How “clean gold” came to matter. Metal detectors, infrastructure, and valuation», Hau: Journal of Ethnographic Theory, n° 6, vol. 2, pp. 173–195.

Latest Report Observatoire Afrique de l’Est

Dear all, For those who read French, Please find the latest report of the Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est (CEDEJ Khartoum-Sciences Po CERI), on this link: https://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/sites/sciencespo.fr.ceri/files/OAE_oct18.pdf

Lutter et contester au Soudan (2009-2018)Note 6 Observatoire Afrique de l’Est, octobre 2018par Clément DESHAYES – Université Paris 8 Laboratoire LAVUE

Résumé: Le Soudan connaît depuis une dizaine d’année un cycle de protestations et de contestations sur fond de crise économique, d’essoufflement du régime militaro-islamiste d’Omar el-Béchir, de guerre civile au Darfour, dans le Nil Bleu et les Monts Noubas et de séparation du Soudan du Sud. Ces protestations protéiformes et parfois innovantes font évoluer le répertoire de l’action collective traditionnel et sont bien souvent une remise en cause de l’ordre politique. Cette note explore l’évolution des formes de mobilisations sociales au Soudan depuis une dizaine d’année ainsi que les rapports qu’entretiennent les mouvements sociaux avec la répression en s’intéressant aux acteurs mais surtout aux pratiques militantes déployées au sein de l’espace social de la contestation.
Reports of the Observatoire are available here: http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est

OBSERVATOIRE AFRIQUE DE L’EST – Dernières notes

Découvrez les dernières notes de l’Observatoire par ici : http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est

  • Markus Hoehne, “Elections in Somaliland 2017 and their Aftermath”, Avril 2018

Summary: In November 2017, a presidential election was held in Somaliland. This report focuses on the technical and political aspects of the most recent voters-registration and the election. For the first time in Somaliland’s history (and even world-wide), biometric technology in the form of iris scanners was used to diminish multiple voting. This report also looks at the immediate aftermaths of the election. The result of the election was contested, which led to tensions and some violent confrontations between the supporters of the main opposition party that had lost and the government forces. The report concludes by outlining report concludes by outlining the main political and economic challenges currently existing in Somaliland.

  • Roland Marchal, “Mutations géopolitiques et rivalités d’Etats: la Corne de l’Afrique prise dans la crise du Golfe”, Mars 2018

Résumé: Le déclenchement de la crise du Golfe en juin 2017 a profondément affecté les pays de l’autre rive de la mer Rouge, en dépit souvent d’une neutralité affichée mais privée de tout contenu. Cette militarisation des politiques de voisinage ne produit pas pour autant un nouvel ordre régional plus cohérent ou apaisé. Au contraire. Mais, au-delà des péripéties de cette crise, on voit poindre de nouvelles politiques internationales portées par d’autres puissances émergentes comme la Turquie et surtout la Chine, voire à terme la Russie.

Call for papers “Inequality and social cohesion” – 13th International conference of the AFD, Paris

The Agence Française de Développement’s Research Department is organizing a high-level conference every two years. The aim of the conference is to bring together leading academics and policy-makers to discuss key issues in development economics. Over the last years, the AFD’s International Conference has brought up to debate crucial topics such as “Evaluation and its discontents” in 2012, “Energy for Development” in 2014 and “Commons and Development” in 2016.

The next edition of the conference will be held on December 6th and 7th 2018 in Paris and will be focused on inequality, social cohesion and development.

For AFD, fighting inequalities is a mean to improve the society in which we want to live in. In our view, research and actions to fight inequalities are in a constant development that needs a further understanding and must be taken into consideration by all the actors in the society. The AFD has been engaged for some years now to understand the stakes of inequality in order to better address this challenge. The conference’s objective is therefore to contribute to the growing knowledge on inequality, by bringing together practices and research carried out at a global scale.

The 6th of December will be dedicated to a scientific day for which we welcome papers investigating the issue of inequality and social cohesion in developing and emerging countries. Key topics include:

  • Fiscal redistribution
  • Sustainability
  • The link between social inclusion, social cohesion and economic inequality

A selection of the papers will be published in a special issue of the Journal of Income Distribution.

The 7th of December will the dedicated to plenary sessions for which some of the confirmed invited speakers include:

▪ Gaël Giraud (AFD)

▪ Janet Gornick (CUNY-LIS Stone Center)

▪ François Bourguignon (PSE)

▪ James Galbraith (University of Texas)

▪ Murray Leibbrand (University of Cape Town)

▪ Branko Milanovic (CUNY-LIS Stone Center)

▪ Frances Stewart (University of Oxford)

▪ Alice Evans (King’s College)

Submission guidelines and timetable:

For the academic day, we are launching a call for papers (detailed information in the attached document). The deadline for application is August 20th, 23:59, Central European Time (UTC+01:00). Papers must be sent to conference_inequality2018@afd.fr , with the subject “Application – Call for Papers”, imperatively.

Please note that we will only be accepting COMPLETED papers in English or French, with a short abstract of 150 words. The presentation of the selected papers will be exclusively in English.

Decisions will be communicated by October 5th, 2018.

Travel and accommodation will be covered for a very limited number of participants originating from South countries and affiliated to South institutions. These participants will be selected based on the quality of their papers (best scores from the scientific committee) and will be contacted by email by October 5th. For those concerned, please attach the three following documents: a small letter explaining why you fit in the criteria, a passport copy and a proof of affiliation to the South institution.

Post Doctoral Research Position “Living in cities with terror: effects of diffuse terrorism on urban atmospheres” – Paris

This postdoctoral position is part of the broader research project Living in cities with terror: effects of diffuse terrorism on urban atmospheres, funded by Initiative d’excellence Paris//Seine and hosted at MRTE Research Group (University of Cergy-Pontoise), in partnership with the Universities of Birmingham (UK), Plymouth (UK) and Heidelberg (GER), since September 2017.

This project aims to understand the ‘weight’ of the threat of terrorism upon city dwellers’ daily experience of urban spaces in European metropolises. A first challenge of the project is to examine how this threat influences urban environments by acting on individuals, their behavior and their representations. The second issue, which is relevant to the first, concerns the understanding of the apparatus of urban security by considering the co-implication of the discourses and practices of public and private actors and the feeling of security experienced by city dwellers. The central hypothesis of the project is that urban environments have a capacity to translate this relation.

The research is conducted on three European countries, France, England and Germany, which have different histories in relation to the terrorist threat. It is conducted in two major phases: 1) the analysis of security policies, and 2) sensory ethnographies in selected cities.

Position details:

The post-doc will hold a full research position (100%) on this study. He/she will join an interdisciplinary, international research team (French, Italian, British, German), and will be responsible to carry out a part of this study across the above mentioned phases.

The post-doc will:

  • Participate (with the other members of the research team) in the analysis of security policies, on the French field and on one of the two other fields. This analysis focuses on a body of legal documents, political speeches, and press articles. Participation in the writing of the synthesis. (30%)
  • Construct, conduct and analysis of an ethnographic field survey of inhabitants of the research fields (at least in France and England, Germany if possible). Production of a written summary of this original survey. (70%)
Candidate profile:

PhD in geography, urban studies, sociology, or anthropology, with a preference for a background in sensory, atmospheres and affect related research. The ability to carry out large-scale ethnographic research, including skills for qualitative analysis (applied to broad documentary corpuses as well as to interviews/observations) is required. Prior experience with sensory and non-representational methodologies, as well as knowledge of the field of critical security studies are very welcome.

The post-doc must be fluent in written and spoken French. Good command of written and spoken English is also expected. Ability to speak and/or read in German would be a plus.

Practical information:

Starting date: October 2018
Contract duration: 12 months
Rate of activity: 100%
Location: MRTE Research Group, University of Cergy-Pontoise, Cergy (Greater Paris)
Salary: 2900 € monthly gross (2300 € monthly neat)

Application:

To apply, please send the following documents before the 20th July 2018:
• Curriculum Vitae (detailed)
• A letter explaining your interest in the project
• PhD Thesis or significant publications (max 3)
• Copy of the PhD degree

Any enquiries should be addressed to Damien Masson (Associate Professor in Urban Studies, MRTE) the supervisor : damien.masson@u-cergy.fr

Seminar Paris 8

Book launch

Anthropology of Law in Muslim Sudan. Land, Courts and the Plurality of Practices (Brill 2018)

Mardi 19 juin 2018, à 17h
EHESS, 105 Boulevard Raspail, salle 13

La dernière séance du séminaire annuel « Anthropologie comparative des sociétés et cultures musulmanes » sera consacrée à la présentation de l’ouvrage Anthropology of Law in Muslim Sudan. Land, Courts and the Plurality of Practices (Brill 2018). Résultat d’enquêtes menées dans le cadre du projet ANR ANDROMAQUE – Anthropologie du Droit dans les Mondes Musulmans Africains et Asiatiques (2011-2014), le volume analyse le caractère hybride des systèmes juridiques et la pluralité des pratiques légales dans des contextes urbains et ruraux du Soudan contemporain, en interrogeant la relation complexe entre islam et société. La séance sera animée par les coéditeurs, Barbara Casciarri et Mohamed Babiker (Department of Law, University of Khartoum) avec la participation de Munzoul Assal et Mohamed Bakhit (Department of Social Anthropology, University of Khartoum).

Séminaire de l’équipe « Anthropologie comparative des sociétés et cultures musulmanes » (LAS)

Organisateurs : Yazid Ben Hounet (Chercheur CNRS – LAS), Anne-Marie Brisebarre (Directrice de recherche CNRS émérite, LAS), Barbara Casciarri (MCF HDR, Paris 8), Tarik Dahou (Chercheur HDR, IRD) et Marie-Luce Gélard (MCF HDR, Paris 5).

Vladimir Cayol: Scientific assistant and intern in CEDEJ

Vladimir Cayol holds a master’s degree in the field of Africa and the Middle East and International Cooperation from the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. He has been an intern in CEDEJ Khartoum where he has been assisting the coordinator with administrative tasks, and also working on migration issues from September 2017 to April 2018. He started working on this topic in EHESS while writing a research paper on the migration of Soninke people for his master’s degree in Anthropology.

In Sudan, his researches focused on the European Union’s migration policies and more specifically on the implementation of the European Union Trust Fund. This financial tool, which was financed by 3.4 Billion euros, aims at “addressing root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement”, protecting migrants along the migratory roads, and fighting against criminal networks which organize illegal migration. Vladimir organized a seminar at CEDEJ to present his work.

JOB OFFER: Program specialist for the International migration initiative (IMI) at the Open Society Foundations – London

The Open Society Foundations seeks a Program Specialist to provide support to the International Migration Initiative (IMI), and specifically to its Fair Work program area. IMI seeks a dynamic and committed program specialist to support the design, planning and implementation of IMI’s Fair Work program area. The position requires knowledge of labor migration issues as well as passion to improve the situation of migrant workers as part of a broader movement for economic, gender and racial justice.

IMI’s Fair Work program area’s strategy aims to improve government policies and business practices to ensure a fair deal for migrant workers; to build migrant workers’ voice, power, and influence through organizing activities and coalition-building, and to challenge the culture of impunity by expanding migrants’ access to legal remedies.

Essential duties and responsibilities include:

  • Supporting programmatic efforts by conducting a wide range of activities related to the grant making process as well as analytical work in support of strategy development and the design and evaluation of program work.
  • Keeping abreast of key issues and developments in the labor migration field.
  • Assessing partner organizations, including evaluating aspects of their financial health.
  • Administrative responsibilities.
  • Developing concept notes, agendas, and other materials for convenings.
  • Participate in preparing and presenting portfolio reviews.

Candidate Profile:

  • 3-5 years of progressively responsible experience in a situation relevant to the duties of this role is typically required to develop the skills required for this role.
  • Knowledgeable on issues relating to labor migration, workers’ rights and worker organizing.
  • Excellent written and spoken communication in English.
  • Highly skilled in researching, processing large amounts of information, and analyzing its importance in informing OSF programs and strategies.
  • Ability to recognize and work effectively in compliance with internal policies and external constraints.
  • Organized; strong project management ability; self-directed on work initiatives; strong attention to detail.

Application deadline : June 11, 2018

Interested candidates should attach to their application a cover letter and a curriculum vitae. All call for applications at the Open Society Foundations are open to women and men of all cultures, backgrounds, and experiences. The IMI Department is committed to  providing reasonable accommodations so that people with disabilities are able to fulfill the essential functions of the job.

For more information, please visit the offer’s page (link above).

Ethnicity, Religion, Nationalism Crossed Insights from Anthropological Fieldworks at the Periphery of Arab-Muslim World Sudan-Morocco

Dear All,

CEDEJ Khartoum are very pleased to announce CEDEJ Khartoum next Seminar, Thursday 1st March, at 2:00pm at CEDEJ Khartoum.
Dr. Barbara CASCIARRI 
 
Ethnicity, Religion, Nationalism
 
Crossed Insights from Anthropological Fieldworks at the Periphery of Arab-Muslim World
Sudan-Morocco
 
 
(CEDEJ Khartoum Seminar Series on “Islams and Sudan”)
Barbara Casciarri holds a PhD in Ethnology and Social Anthropology from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris (France). She did fieldwork on economic and political anthropology in Sudan (1989-2016) among Arabic-speaking pastoralists and in a working-class neighbourhood of Khartoum (Deim), and in Morocco (2000-2006) on the relationship between Berber-speaking nomads and Arabic-speaking farmers. She was the coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum between 2006 and 2009. Since 2004, she has been Associate Professor at the Department of Sociology, University Paris 8 (France) and researcher at the LAVUE-UMR 7218. She has been scientific coordinator of two ANR Projects in Sudan: WAMAKHAIR (2008-2012) and ANDROMAQUE (2011-2014). Since 2009, she has been responsible for the scientific agreement between the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Khartoum, and Paris 8 University.
CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest “famous” building is an hospital : mustachfa “Jaber Abu el 3eez”, mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a “CEDEJ” sign on the balcony).

CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest “famous” building is an hospital : mustachfa “Jaber Abu el 3eez”, mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a “CEDEJ” sign on the balcony).

15.587513, 32.535053

Open Days of French-Sudanese scientific cooperation in Social Sciences Training and Research (University Paris 8, University of Khartoum, CEDEJ) (28th February-1st March 2018, Khartoum)

The Memorandum of Understanding signed in 2009 between the University Paris 8 (France) and the University of Khartoum (Sudan) has been recently renewed for the second time. During this period, French and Sudanese teachers, researchers and students from both universities had actively collaborated through various scientific exchanges matching research and training in Social Sciences studies on contemporary Sudan, with the support and participation of CEDEJ-Khartoum, and thanks to the central role played by the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology (Faculty of Economic and Social Studies). Starting in 2018 the tenth year of our partnership, we invite you to join the meetings organized in Khartoum to present the results of this international academic cooperation and to discuss about its future development.

Journées Portes Ouvertes UoK-Paris 8-CEDEJ last

Open Days UoK-Paris 8-CEDEJ last(1)

 

Pouvoirs et altérité dans la déclaration des zones humides d’intérêt international en Afrique : construction, légitimation et confrontation des savoirs sur la nature (SavNat-Afrique)

Partenaires : Laboratoire SAGE UMR 7363, Institut d’Ethnologie- Faculté de Sciences Sociales, Université de Strasbourg, ONCFS, CEDEJ (centre d’études et de documentation économiques, juridiques et sociales) Antenne Khartoum. MAEDI/USR 3123 CNRS
Résumé
Dans le cadre de la déclaration d’une zone humide d’intérêt international au Soudan sous les conventions internationales RAMSAR et AEWA, ce projet s’intéresse à la production de savoirs sur les oiseaux migrateurs. A partir d’une ethnographie multi située nous nous proposons d’étudier les dispositifs pédagogiques développés dans ce contexte ; d’analyser différentes situations d’échange, voire de controverse, autour de la légitimité des savoirs sur les oiseaux et les zones humides et d’interpréter les représentations graphiques ainsi que les discours concernant les espaces protégés et les différents acteurs impliqués dans le processus de conservation.

 

Équipe

Responsable scientifique : Luisa ARANGO

Post-doctorant : Guillaume CHRISTEN

Master Students : Eurydice DEVOS, Aurélien LOSSER, Romain DENIMAL

Artistic work: Alice LOULIN

SavNat Afrique (présentation) 24.04.2017

Migration and Displacement In and From Darfur

Program Title: Migration and Displacement in and from Darfur: Conflict, livelihoods and food insecurity. A research project to examine migration trends and inform policy”

Partners: SOAS, ODI, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies – University of Khartoum, CEDEJ Khartoum, Oxfam Sudan

Project sponsored by: SOAS/EU Trust Fund REF; the Dutch Embassy in Khartoum

Summary

The proposed research aims to examine trends, processes and drivers of migration and displacement in and from Darfur, with a particular focus on migration flows during its protracted conflict.  The research will provide insights into current mobility patterns, explore the reasons for migration and displacement, how it builds on past migration patterns, and the decision-making processes of actual and potential migrants and refugees. The findings will lead to better understanding of the recent changes in migration flows, in particular towards Europe, and of the effect of current interventions targeting migrants.  The study also aims to identify appropriate responses to reduce levels of irregular or unsafe migration or create opportunities to stay safely at home.  This proposal provides the justification for doing the research, the proposed research questions, methods, timeframe and budget.  It also provides background information on the nature and types of migration in Darfur.

In 2015 and 2016, Sudanese formed the fifth and sixth largest categories of migrants coming into Italy respectively, representing between 6.5-7% of migrants, or an estimated 10,600 in 2015 and 8,600 in 2016 by September (UNHCR, 2016a and b). Refugee sites in Europe report a large proportion of Sudanese, for example a survey in the Calais camp in France in July 2016 found that out of 7,037 refugees, 32% were Sudanese (Refugee Rights Data Project, 2016).

However, beyond these aggregate figures little is known about the trends and causes of migration in and from Sudan, and specifically Darfur in terms of changing patterns, destinations, reasons, processes of migration, or who is leaving.  Migration is rarely covered in aid agency assessments.

  • To explore current trends, drivers and constraints in migration in and from Darfur, particularly into Europe.
  • To inform policy and programming responses, in Europe and in Sudan, and to advise on appropriate interventions and the likely effect of current interventions targeting potential and actual migrants and refugees.

Geographical scope and purposive sampling

Within Sudan the geographical focus of the research will be Khartoum and Darfur, most likely North Darfur State and Central and/or West Darfur States, where different patterns of migration have traditionally been an important part of livelihoods, and which are known to be the geographic point of origin for migrant flows to Europe.   In Europe, the geographic focus will be Italy, France and the UK, where Sudanese migrants are known to have congregated, or to pass through.

Within the respective Darfur states selected for the study, a purposive sampling frame of different population groups will be constructed, that takes account of traditional and recent migration patterns, different livelihood and ethnic groups, and different experiences of the conflict in Darfur, according to the following draft criteria:

  • groups with a long history and tradition of migration as part of their livelihood strategy, for example the Zaghawa from north-west Darfur, or the Fur from Jebel Si and Kebkabiya in west-central Darfur.
  • groups from which it is known that some have migrated to Europe, and that have experienced violent conflict and displacement, for example in camps for the displaced such as Abou Shook or Zamzam camps near El Fasher town.
  • groups in selected state capitals within Darfur, for example El Fasher or Geneina, from where it is known that migrants have left[1]
  • if possible, groups in opposition-controlled areas (for example in Central Darfur state) from where it is known that migrants have left, as well as in government-controlled areas
  • if feasible, groups living in areas where EU funded projects have been/are being implemented

Final report to be issued first semester of 2018.

Team

Coordinators: Susanne Jaspars, Research Associate, SOAS, London; Margie Buchanan-Smith, Senior Research Associate, HPG/ODI.

 

[1] There will be overlap between groups 1-3.  Some of those with a long history of migration will have been displaced, including both the Zaghawa and Fur.  Those with a long history of migration will also present in state capitals.