Archives de catégorie : Scientific events

Seminar Paris 8

Book launch

Anthropology of Law in Muslim Sudan. Land, Courts and the Plurality of Practices (Brill 2018)

Mardi 19 juin 2018, à 17h
EHESS, 105 Boulevard Raspail, salle 13

La dernière séance du séminaire annuel « Anthropologie comparative des sociétés et cultures musulmanes » sera consacrée à la présentation de l’ouvrage Anthropology of Law in Muslim Sudan. Land, Courts and the Plurality of Practices (Brill 2018). Résultat d’enquêtes menées dans le cadre du projet ANR ANDROMAQUE – Anthropologie du Droit dans les Mondes Musulmans Africains et Asiatiques (2011-2014), le volume analyse le caractère hybride des systèmes juridiques et la pluralité des pratiques légales dans des contextes urbains et ruraux du Soudan contemporain, en interrogeant la relation complexe entre islam et société. La séance sera animée par les coéditeurs, Barbara Casciarri et Mohamed Babiker (Department of Law, University of Khartoum) avec la participation de Munzoul Assal et Mohamed Bakhit (Department of Social Anthropology, University of Khartoum).

Séminaire de l’équipe « Anthropologie comparative des sociétés et cultures musulmanes » (LAS)

Organisateurs : Yazid Ben Hounet (Chercheur CNRS – LAS), Anne-Marie Brisebarre (Directrice de recherche CNRS émérite, LAS), Barbara Casciarri (MCF HDR, Paris 8), Tarik Dahou (Chercheur HDR, IRD) et Marie-Luce Gélard (MCF HDR, Paris 5).

Conference – “Justice and inequalities” – LAVUE Institute
Thursday 21 June, 3pm
Université Paris 8 Saint-Denis, Room D 253

Urbanization Dynamics in Sudan and Greater Khartoum.  Anthropological Insights on Identity Issues and Socio-spatial Justice

by Munzoul A.M. ASSAL & Mohamed A.G. BAKHIT
University of Khartoum, Sudan
MOHAMED A. G. BAKHIT holds a PhD in Anthropology from the University of Bayreuth (Germany). The title of his 2015 thesis is: Identity and Lifestyles Construction in Multi-Ethnic Shantytowns: A Case Study of Al-Baraka Community in Khartoum, Sudan. Since 2010 he has been a lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology at the University of Khartoum, where he is today Head Department and Associated Professor. His main research interests are identity change, urbanization, minority groups, and citizenship.
MUNZOUL A.M. ASSAL holds a PhD in Anthropology from Bergen University (Norway). The title of his 2004 thesis is: Sticky Labels or Rich Ambiguities? Diaspora and Challenges of Homemaking for Somalis and Sudanese in Norway. He is Professor at the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology and Deputy Director of the Peace Research Institute at the University of Khartoum. Since 2009, he is the coordinator for the Sudanese partner of the Scientific Agreement between the University of Khartoum and University Paris 8. His research focuses on refugees, IDPs, humanitarianism and citizenship.

Dr Anne-Laure Mahé, lauréate du prix Bélanger-Andrew

(English below)

Anne-Laure Mahé a soutenu avec succès sa thèse de doctorat le 13 décembre dernier. Intitulée «Négocier la domination autoritaire au Soudan : Développement participatif et dynamiques de pouvoir dans la province du Nord Kordofan», la thèse a été réalisée sous la direction de Mamoudou Gazibo à l’Université de Montréal. Le jury lui a unanimement décerné la mention « exceptionnelle ».

La nouvelle docteure a reçu il y a quelques jours le prix Bélanger-Andrew  qui récompense une thèse de doctorat rédigée en français par un-e étudiant-e inscrit-e dans un département canadien de science politique et soutenue dans la dernière année, et s’accompagne d’une bourse de 1000$.

Nous félicitons chaleureusement Anne-Laure qui avait effectué deux séjours de recherche au Soudan avec le soutien du CEDEJ Khartoum en 2016 !

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Anne-Laure Mahé successfully defended her thesis in December 2017 on «Négocier la domination autoritaire au Soudan : Développement participatif et dynamiques de pouvoir dans la province du Nord Kordofan» at the University of Montréal. Her thesis was of exceptional quality according to the examiners.

She was awarded a few days ago the Belanger-Andrew prize which rewards a science political thesis written in French by a Phd student of a Canadian university. The award comes with a 1000$ scholarship.

We extend our warmest congratulations to Anne-Laure who was an associate researcher in CEDEJ Khartoum in 2016 !

 

Seminar: Faculty of Economic and Social Studies -Department of Anthropology and CEDEJ Khartoum

Dear all:

We are very pleasured to announce our next Seminar , in collaboration with CEDEJ Khartoum, which will be presented by Dr.Enrico Ille; a social and cultural Anthropologist, under the title :

« The fate of date palms in the northern Sudan’s landscapes of vulnerabilities »

The seminar will be on Wednesday 2/5/2018, 12:00 at Postgraduate Room in the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology.

Kindly find below an Abstract of the presentation.

Looking forward to see you all there!

The fate of date palms in the northern Sudan’s landscapes of vulnerabilities
Dr. Enrico Ille, in collaboration with Mohamed Salah

(Vulnerability, as being accessible to harmful acts without having adequate defence, is neither spatially nor temporally monolithic. Humans and other living beings are, for instance, variably exposed to potential or actual harm, i.e. the loss of something that is relevant for well-being. In addition, experienced harm can influence the expectation of harm and vice-versa, which informs a very specific, intersubjective or even individual situation and perception of vulnerability.

In this presentation, the subsequent complex dynamics are described as landscape where different vulnerabilities coincide. This conceptual language is used to discuss socio-ecological developments in northern Sudan, specifically the residential areas around the Third Nile Cataract. The observational focus is on the changing fate of date palms since the beginning of the 20th century. Their socio-ecological status vis-à-vis the human resident population is taken as trace element to qualify what kind of loss occurs when date palms experience harm, i.e. what other vulnerabilities are intertwined with their own vulnerability. This enables to discuss recent threats that became politically charged, such as flodding, fires, pests and pollution, in a way that is both critical and differentiated. By treating neither date palm nor human populations in monolithic terms, retracing vulnerabilities may open alternative perspectives on politico-ecological processes and contribute to adequate responses.)

European migration policies: the case of the EUTF in Sudan

Dear All,

We are very pleased to announce CEDEJ Khartoum next Seminar :

Vladimir Cayol

“European migration policies: the case of the EUTF in Sudan”

Wednesday 25 April, 3pm

CEDEJ Khartoum

Summary: In 2015, during the La Valetta Summit, which gathered leaders of the 28 States of the European Union and about fifty African leaders, the President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Junker announced the launch of the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. The European Trust Fund, financed by 3.4 Billion euros, aims at “addressing root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement”, protecting migrants along the migratory roads, and fighting against criminal networks which organize illegal migration. More than two years later, what does the Sudanese case reveals in terms of EU migration policies implementation? Sudan stands in a very special place in the Horn of Africa when it comes to migration trends. Situated between Eastern Africa and the Arab world, Sudan is crossed by many migrants whose desire is to reach the European shores. In a broader perspective, as a country of transit, departure, and even destination for migrants from the Horn of Africa or beyond, Sudan has become an key partner for the European countries. From a fieldwork conducted between September 2017 and April 2018 in Khartoum, I will examine the implementation of this financial tool in order to offer a better understanding of the policies implemented by the European Union in Sudan.

 

Vladimir Cayol is a master student in the field of Africa and the Middle East International and International Cooperation at the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. He has been in intern in CEDEJ Khartoum where he has been working on migration issues these last months.

CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest « famous » building is an hospital : mustachfa « Jaber Abu el 3eez », mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a « CEDEJ » sign on the balcony).

Media, science and transboundary cooperation in the Nile basin

International workshop 
 
« Media, science and transboundary cooperation in the Nile basin »
 
18 April 2018, 15:00 – 18:00 
 
 Venue: Meeting room of the Water Research Center (University of Khartoum, Faculty of Engineering) 
The University of Khartoum, Faculty of Social Science, Center for Diplomatic Studies and the Water Research Center, in collaboration with CEDEJ Khartoum and IHE Delft Institute for Water Education organize an international workshop on the role of media and scientific communication in conflicts and cooperation over the Nile.
The goals of the workshop are:  to present the preliminary findings of a research on Nile media debates in Ethiopia and Egypt and to discuss how to extend it to Sudan; to watch and discuss three videos portraying the visual dimension of Nile debates in the Eastern Nile countries.
The research and the video are part of the project “Open Water Diplomacy. Media, science and transboundary cooperation in the Nile basin” bringing together researchers and journalists from different Nile countries to foster constructive communication on Nile water issues.
See detailed program attached

Migration and appropriation of space: the case of Syrians in Khartoum

Dear all,

We are very pleased to announce CEDEJ Khartoum next Seminar, April 9, 3pm, at CEDEJ Khartoum:

Mathieu ROBAIN

« Migration and appropriation of space: the case of Syrians in Khartoum »

 CEDEJ Khartoum

Monday 9th of April

3:00 pm

Summary

Since the rise of the rebellion against Bashar el Assad in 2011, Syrian people have become one of  the most important refugees population in the world. These displaced people within Syria are fleeing to borders countries or Europe at a growing pace, hoping for a better life and at the same time hopeful for the end of the conflict. Sudans policy towards the Syrian refugees is very unique as it is one of the few countries to welcome them without restrictions. The friendly policies of the Sudanese government include not needing a visa, and being capable of opening shops and restaurants, which is extremely difficult for other refugees populations living within Khartoum. Because of this open policy the number of Syrians seeking refuge in Sudan is evermore increasing since 2013-2014 (the current estimate of the Syrian population is between 100 000 and 200 000 people according respectively to the government and the UNHCR). The fact they are not considered as refugees but as « brothers and sisters » involves many issues about the way they anchor to the space and organize social life, very different from others countries both arabic and western where they’re very often cooped up in camps or judged undesirable.

This research project hinges around the stories of Syrian people mostly located in Khartoum, the capital city, and especially in Riyad and Kafuri. It considers the migration not only as a movement from one country to another, but also as a way of dealing with the host society. It focuses on the spatial and social dynamism the Syrians add to these neighborhoods. As well as the representation they have within Sudan, the places where they live and work, and how they interact with each other and the host society. It leads to ask the question the denominations we give to the « Syrian people » in Khartoum  (are we talking about a community ? a diaspora ? a simple group ?).

 

Mathieu Robain is a Master 1 student in Geography at the Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. He is affiliated to CEDEJ Khartoum and his research is included in the program « Arabité, Islamité, Soudanité » (« Being Arab, Muslim and Sudanese ») financed by the Francophone University Agency (and coordinated by prof. Barbara Casciarri)

When religion opens doors to migration The case of Islamic Universities Students in Khartoum

Dear All,
We are very pleased to announce CEDEJ Khartoum next Seminar, April 4, 3pm, at CEDEJ Khartoum:

 

Khadidja MEDANI

« When religion opens doors to migration

The case of Islamic Universities Students in Khartoum »

 CEDEJ Khartoum

Wednesday 4th of April

3:00 pm

Summary

The migration of Muslim African elites in the Arab-Muslim world to get formation in Islamic sciences or on the way to the Hajj is an old tradition. The religious education has also been an instrument for the Da’wa (Islamic call). Young Muslims from African countries educated in the Arab world go back home as Cheikhs and Imams. Sudan is a key place in this migration process not only because of his geographical situation but also his double status as an Arab and African country. 

In 1977 al-Merkaz al-Islami al-Ifriki (Islamic African center) was created in Khartoum. The Merkaz was a secondary school that offered only Islamic courses. In 1991 the Merkaz was upgraded as university and became the International University of Africa. This update was the first step in a new trend for the Islamic education in Khartoum. The term ‘islamic’ disappeared from the name and new faculties in modern sciences were created. Nowadays the university is still  in expansion. This shows the will to build a Muslim youth able to be integrated in the modern society while keeping an Islamic morality. This also correspond to the will of an African Muslim youth to be graduated in modern and technical sciences to contribute to the developpement of their country. Through a network of Muslim schools and organizations, Khartoum proposes these opportunity around the continent.

Khadidja Medani is a Master 2 student in Geography at the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. HShe is affiliated to CEDEJ Khartoum and her research was conducted within the programm « Be Sudanese, muslim and Arab » financed by the Francophone University Agency (coord. by prof. Barbara Casciarri).

 
CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest « famous » building is an hospital : mustachfa « Jaber Abu el 3eez », mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a « CEDEJ » sign on the balcony).

15.587513, 32.535053

Images intégrées 1

Seminar : Cotton, Sugar, and Alfalfa: Changing Patterns of Agricultural Development in Sudan

We are very pleased to announce CEDEJ Khartoum next Seminar, on 26 February, at 3:00pm at CEDEJ Khartoum
Stefano Turrino

‘Cotton, Sugar and Alfalfa : Changing Patterns of Agricultural Development in Sudan »

CEDEJ Khartoum 
March 26
3:00 pm
Stefano TURRINI (1989) is a Phd candidate in Geography at the University of Padova, Italy. Before the Phd, he graduated in ‘Local Development’. His research is part of a longstanding interest of the Department of Geography in Padova about agriculture in arid and semi-arid areas, especially in the Sub-Saharan Africa.
Summary:
The importance of agriculture in Sudan is manifest. In this country, large-scale agricultural development dates back to the British colonial rule: the Gezira scheme started to produce cotton for the British textile industry in 1925, after the completion of the Sennar Dam on the Blue Nile. The Sudanese state, which became independent in 1956, built the Roseires Dam in 1966 with the aim of expanding the scheme: the Managil Extension made the Gezira cover nearly one million hectares of land. Nowadays, it is one of the largest agricultural schemes under a single administration in the world. In the 1970s, Sudan improved its domestic food production and expanded and diversified the exports. The goal was to become the ‘breadbasket of the Arab world’, benefiting from the funding of the Arab oil-producing countries. The importance of food crops became more prominent than before in Sudan. Especially sugar played a key role in that period: the state approved the construction of many agricultural schemes for the cultivation of sugarcane and sugar factories. Nowadays alfalfa is taking a leading role in the development of a new frontier of agricultural development in Sudan benefiting of a vibrant business environment in the Country.
What are the similarities and the differences among the production systems which are required by these crops (cotton, sugar and alfalfa). What is their impact on the local territory? Stefano will try to answer these questions by taking advantage of his fieldwork and the existing literature.

Ethnicity, Religion, Nationalism Crossed Insights from Anthropological Fieldworks at the Periphery of Arab-Muslim World Sudan-Morocco

Dear All,

CEDEJ Khartoum are very pleased to announce CEDEJ Khartoum next Seminar, Thursday 1st March, at 2:00pm at CEDEJ Khartoum.
Dr. Barbara CASCIARRI 
 
Ethnicity, Religion, Nationalism
 
Crossed Insights from Anthropological Fieldworks at the Periphery of Arab-Muslim World
Sudan-Morocco
 
 
(CEDEJ Khartoum Seminar Series on « Islams and Sudan »)
Barbara Casciarri holds a PhD in Ethnology and Social Anthropology from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris (France). She did fieldwork on economic and political anthropology in Sudan (1989-2016) among Arabic-speaking pastoralists and in a working-class neighbourhood of Khartoum (Deim), and in Morocco (2000-2006) on the relationship between Berber-speaking nomads and Arabic-speaking farmers. She was the coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum between 2006 and 2009. Since 2004, she has been Associate Professor at the Department of Sociology, University Paris 8 (France) and researcher at the LAVUE-UMR 7218. She has been scientific coordinator of two ANR Projects in Sudan: WAMAKHAIR (2008-2012) and ANDROMAQUE (2011-2014). Since 2009, she has been responsible for the scientific agreement between the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Khartoum, and Paris 8 University.
CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest « famous » building is an hospital : mustachfa « Jaber Abu el 3eez », mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a « CEDEJ » sign on the balcony).

CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest « famous » building is an hospital : mustachfa « Jaber Abu el 3eez », mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a « CEDEJ » sign on the balcony).

15.587513, 32.535053

Open Days of French-Sudanese scientific cooperation in Social Sciences Training and Research (University Paris 8, University of Khartoum, CEDEJ) (28th February-1st March 2018, Khartoum)

The Memorandum of Understanding signed in 2009 between the University Paris 8 (France) and the University of Khartoum (Sudan) has been recently renewed for the second time. During this period, French and Sudanese teachers, researchers and students from both universities had actively collaborated through various scientific exchanges matching research and training in Social Sciences studies on contemporary Sudan, with the support and participation of CEDEJ-Khartoum, and thanks to the central role played by the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology (Faculty of Economic and Social Studies). Starting in 2018 the tenth year of our partnership, we invite you to join the meetings organized in Khartoum to present the results of this international academic cooperation and to discuss about its future development.

Journées Portes Ouvertes UoK-Paris 8-CEDEJ last

Open Days UoK-Paris 8-CEDEJ last(1)

 

Exploratory readings of Mahdist archives : spatializing discursive practices in Sudan during the early Mahdiyya

Thursday 22nd February, at 3:00pm – CEDEJ Khartoum: 
Exploratory readings of Mahdist archives : spatializing discursive practices in Sudan during the early Mahdiyya
Anael Poussier is a doctoral candidate from the University Sorbonne – Paris 1, working under the under the supervision of Pierre Vermeren (University Sorbonne Paris 1 – IMAF) on the the history of the Mahdiyya (1880-1898). His PhD thesis attempts to analyse the socio-economic factors that defined the mobilization of the Sudanese population in favor of the Mahdist regime, with a particular emphasis on the Eastern Sudan. More broadly, his interests span the pre-colonial economic history of the Sub-Saharan belt and the various forms of social mobilization in this region during the XIXth century.

Conférence de Roland Marchal « Politique étrangère française en Afrique, perspectives »

Conférence-débat, lundi 15 janvier à 19h

Roland Marchal : « Politique étrangère française en Afrique, perspectives»

Chercheur au Centre de recherches internationales de Sciences Po (Paris), Roland Marchal est spécialiste de l’économie et des conflits armés en Afrique sub-saharienne. Il enseigne à Sciences Po et à l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne.

 

Conférence en français, avec traduction simultanée en arabe

محاضرة ـ جلسة نقاش الاثنين 15 يناير ، 7:00م

رولان مارشال : “آفاق السياسة الخارجية الفرنسية”  

 

رولان مارشال ، باحث بمركز الأيحاث الدولية ، كلية العلوم السياسية بباريس ، متخصص في الاقتصاد والنزاعات المسلحة بافريقيا جنوب الصحراء. وهو ايضاً محاضر بكلية العلوم السياسية وبجامعة باريس 1 ، السوربون.

 

المحاضرة بالفرنسية مع ترجمة تتبعية للعربي

Seminar – by Prof. Atta El-Battahani: « Post-US Sanction Sudan: Which Way? »

Since National Islamic Front (NIF) ascendancy to power in 1989, radical Islamists known since then as Inqaz regime, managed to stave off both internal and external threats to power, demonstrating a recombinant capacity in Hydamann’s term. With Sudan losing its oil revenue in 2011with secession of South Sudan, the government made a lot of fuss about negative impact of US imposed sanction on its dependent economy that became even more vulnerable to outside volatile economic and financial changes. 

In January 2017 and before leaving office President Barak Obama eased some economic sanctions imposed on the country since 1990s and in October 2017 President Donald Trump finally lifted economic sanctions imposed on Sudan. How would competing power circles appropriate lifting of sanctions, capture expected rents and spoils and effect re-alignment of forces? What is the likely impact of lifting of economic scenarios on regime survival or reform?

This paper argues that post-sanctions represent a challenge for NCP/NIF ‘dominant’ fraction of Northern Arab-Muslism bourgeoise leaving the door open for ‘reformist’ elements to ponder for how long they would bear the cost of supporting al-Bashir autocracy who is backed by rentier, crony capitalists. While external actors haunted by security vacuum are likely to attempt mediate and encourage peaceful rather than violent change, one lesson learned from past experience is that external pressures never deliver credible regime change by themselves, meaningful regime change must be embedded in and led by internal democratic forces. As things stand now, the likelihood of such eventuality is rather remote.    

Atta El-Battahani is a Professor in Political Science, Political Economy; educated at Khartoum University (Sudan) and Sussex University (Britain). Earlier, he served as Head Department of Political Science, Faculty of Economics, University of Khartoum; as Manager and Senior Advisor for International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) in Sudan.

He has extensive research experience and has published on Development Impact of Ethnic and Religious Conflicts in African Societies; Governance and state institutional reform in Africa and the Middle East; conflict and Cooperation in the Nile Valley; Gender Politics; Peripheral Capitalism and Political Islam;  Elections and Political Transitions, and Democracy Deficit in the Arab World.

El-Battahani is Editor-in-Chief of Sudan Journal of Economic and Social Studies.

CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest « famous » building is an hospital : mustachfa « Jaber Abu el 3eez », mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a « CEDEJ » sign on the balcony).