After a first master’s degree in medieval african history in 2010 (CEMAf, Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne), Maaï Youssef holds a second master’s degree in sociology in 2014. Part of the Economic Crises, Migration and Development program in Egypt (ECOMIG), her research was focused on the syrian and sudanese refugees’ situation since 2011. The CEDEJ in Khartoum welcomed her for a short fieldwork there in march 2014. She was researching genesis of transnational networks of the sudanese political opposition of Darfur and Kordofan, that she was focused on in Cairo. She discussed her research during an helpful seminar at CEDEJ. She conducted fieldwork in Egypt, Sudan and Turkey. She is now researching comparatively the effects of the political context on syrian exiles in Egypt and Turkey, and keep a deep interest on the Sudanese case in an historical perspective. She is currently working on political commitment and transnational networks during an exile into an authoritarian context. Her PhD research is funded by Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne.
Application for doctoral scholarship in social sciences
Closing dates for applications: 15 December
The CEDEJ and the University Of Khartoum invites application for one year scholarships for PhD candidates in social sciences and humanities.
– The candidate must be registered as a PhD candidate at the University of Khartoum.
– The candidate must be in his/her first or second year of his PhD.
– The PhD registration fees at the University of Khartoum will be charged to the applicant.
– The scholarship is open to candidates in social sciences and humanities: sociology, geography, political science, anthropology, economy, law.
– The candidate’s research topic must be related to one of the research themes suggested by the CEDEJ.
– The candidates must have no other regular and substantial sources of funding.
– The candidates must be fluent in English or French. The research could be conducted in Arabic.
This particular scholarship is a partnership between the University of Khartoum and the Center of studies and documentation in economy, law and social sciences (CEDEJ). The scholarship is a 12 month grant that allows students to do their research under the best possible conditions. The gross monthly income is 2000 SDG for research activities only. The successful candidate will have to present the progress of his research twice a year in PhD seminars organize at the CEDEJ center or at the University of Khartoum. The selected candidate will join the research team of the CEDEJ and will take part in the collective activities of the Centre.
Particular topics and themes suggested by the CEDEJ:
– Reconfigurations of the North Sudan after the separation of the South.
– Urban and Social processes of transformation.
– Peripheral areas of the greater Khartoum conurbation.
– Social mobilizations
– Relations between Sudan and its neighbors (e.g. Central Africa) (International Relations, migrations, trade, borders, conflicts…)
Application and Selection
Application must be submitted in English before the 15 of November and must be constituted by the following pieces:
– A detailed curriculum vitae (including if applicable a list of works and publications)
– A presentation of the applicant’s research project (5 pages maximum) including the issues at stake in the research, a methodology, a bibliography, and the applicant’s motivations.
– A recommendation letter from the supervisor indicating the state of the research.
Applications must be sent electronically to email@example.com.
A pre-selection of applicants will be set by CEDEJ
Pre-selected applicants will be interviewed by the selection committee
The final decision will be taken by the selection committee according to majority rule.
Composition of the selection committee:
– Dr Musa Adam Abdul Jalil, Associate professor of Social Anthropology, Deputy Dean of academic affairs, University of Khartoum
– Dr Alice Franck, coordinator of the CEDEJ, University Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne
– Dr Ibtissam Sati, Deputy Dean faculty of Economics , University of Khartoum
– Dr El Rasheed Hassan, Dean Faculty of law, University of Khartoum
Web site: https://www.cedej-eg.org/
Cedej blog : cedejsudan.hypotheses.org
Here you will find the call for application of the British Museum
Research Fellowship in Urgent Anthropology: Sudan
The British Museum and the Anthropologists’ Fund for Urgent Anthropological Research offer a Research Fellowship in Urgent Anthropology. The Fellowship provides (non-salaried) financial support for an eighteen month period of field research and writing, with a specific focus on Sudan.
The Research Fellowship in Urgent Anthropology is designed to facilitate ethnographic research on peoples whose culture and language are currently threatened. The programme’s primary aim is to contribute to anthropological knowledge through detailed ethnography, and also if possible help the peoples being described in their particular circumstances. The British Museum will host the fellowship programme for three years from 2013, during which two Fellowships will be awarded. This advertisement refers to the first of the two British Museum Fellowships; the second fellowship will be advertised in late 2014.
The British Museum Urgent Anthropology Fellowship Programme has a specific focus, on threatened Nile Valley communities in northern Sudan. The 20th century riverine communities of northern Sudan and Nubia have been the subject of relatively little anthropological field research, and are facing radical transformations, brought about by a variety of infrastructural developments, including dam construction, the arrival of mobile technologies and changing foodways. These are village communities based on subsistence agriculture and date palm cash-cropping; Arabic is widely spoken, as is Nubian.
The British Museum currently runs three ongoing archaeological research projects, at Amara West near Abri; Kawa near modern Dongola; Dangeil near the cities of Berber and Abidiya. The first fellowship will be offered to an anthropologist proposing a fieldwork project in these areas of northern Sudan, thus availing of the necessary logistical support, assistance with research permits and access to communities.
The Fellowship makes it possible for a budgeted project to be carried out over about 18 months: this period to include both field research and writing-up. Fellows are required to spend part of their fellowship period in the field and part in the Museum, and where they are expected to contribute to its academic life. In the Museum, the fellows will be affiliated to both the Department of Africa, Oceania and the Americas, and the Department of Ancient Egypt and Sudan.
The Fellowship will provide £30,000 to be spent over 18 months, inclusive of all costs except overheads to be borne by the Museum for time spent in London, but exclusive of salary. The Fellowships, are awarded to post-doctoral applicants by open competition without restriction of nationality or residence. Applicants should send an application comprising project proposal (maximum 4 pages) including research plan and timeline, intended outputs and budget; a CV and two letters of reference. The budget should include all personal and research expenses (within Sudan and the UK), insurance, and costs of equipment necessary for the project.
The Urgent Anthropology Fund is managed through the Royal Anthropological Institute.
Please submit applications to AOA@britishmuseum.org
Closing date is 10 January 2014.
Aide à la mobilité internationale, CEDEJ/Soudan – 2015
L’antenne du Cedej à Khartoum propose une allocation d’Aide à la Mobilité Internationale (AMI) destinée aux étudiants doctorants inscrits en thèse dans une université française menant des recherches sur le Soudan contemporain dans les disciplines suivantes : anthropologie, sociologie, géographie, science politique, économie, économie politique, histoire, droit, étude du développement. L’allocataire est prioritairement choisi pour mener à bien son travail de recherche. Mais l’inscription du sujet dans l’un des axes de recherches actuellement développés par le CEDEJ Khartoum sera considérée comme un atout supplémentaire.
Cette allocation, d’un montant mensuel de 1 400 (mille quatre cent) euros, avec prise en charge du transport aller et retour du pays de résidence à Khartoum. Elle prendra effet pour une durée de six à neuf mois et renouvelable une fois, suivant un calendrier déterminé par le CEDEJ/Soudan en fonction du projet du candidat. Il revient à l’allocataire de trouver à se loger. Il est rappelé que l’Aide à la mobilité internationale n’étant pas considérée comme un salaire, elle n’ouvre droit ni aux prestations sociales, ni aux allocations chômage et ne peut être prise en compte dans le calcul des droits à la retraite. Les bénéficiaires doivent donc souscrire eux-mêmes les assurances nécessaires à la couverture des dépenses de santé, accidents du travail, rapatriement.
L’allocataire devra résider à Khartoum. Tout en avançant la préparation de sa thèse, il participera aux activités du CEDEJ (conférences, séminaires, colloques, publications, etc.). Il recevra l’appui scientifique et logistique du CEDEJ. Une bonne connaissance de l’arabe sera un atout important.
Les formulaires du dossier de candidature doivent être retirés ou demandés au ministère des Affaires étrangères, Sous direction des sciences sociales et de l’archéologie, à l’adresse suivante:
Ministère des Affaires étrangères et européennes
Sous-direction des échanges scientifiques et de la recherche
Pôle sciences humaines et sociales
Mme Brigitte Myard
27, rue de la convention –
75732 PARIS Cedex 15 Tél : +33 (0)126.96.36.199.05
Fax : +33 (0)188.8.131.52.20
Courriel : firstname.lastname@example.org
Le dossier doit être rempli en deux exemplaires, complétés de toutes les pièces nécessaires (CV, publications, copie des titres et diplômes, projet de recherche doctorale, attestations) et envoyé, avant le 31 janvier 2015 (le cachet de la poste faisant foi), à chacune des deux adresses suivantes :
Madame la coordinatrice de l’Antenne du CEDEJ à Khartoum,
a.b.s. Ambassade de France, antenne du CEDEJ – Soudan
Service de la valise diplomatique
13 rue de Louveau
92438 Chatillon Cedex
Monsieur le Responsable du Pôle « Sciences humaines et Sociales »
Ministère des Affaires étrangères et européennes
Sous-direction des échanges scientifiques et de la recherche DGM/ATT/RECH,
27, rue de la Convention,
75732 Paris cedex 15
La sélection se fera sur examen des projets de recherche présentés par les candidats. Pour des compléments d’information, prenez directement contact avec l’antenne de Khartoum (email@example.com).
CEDEJ short term scholarships for fieldwork research in Sudan
The CEDEJ branch of Khartoum offers short term grants for students and young researchers working in social sciences. The center can also accommodate the beneficiary for a maximal duration of 15 days. The CEDEJ will facilitate the administrative procedure for the visa, research permit, travel permit but the CEDEJ can be hold responsible for any administrative difficulties or a denied visa. The center will also help the students for his fieldwork in Sudan.
The student has to hold a master 1 degree at minimum in social sciences
The student has to do his research about contemporary Sudan in one of these discipline: sociology, anthropology, geography, political science, economic science, history, law, development studies.
Application (in English or French) must be constituted by the following pieces:
A detailed curriculum vitae (including if applicable a list of works and publications)
A presentation of the applicant’s research project (5 pages maximum) including the issues at stake in the research, a methodology, a bibliography, the applicant’s motivations, the fieldwork places, a provisional timetable of the fieldwork, an estimate budget including other grants if the student receive any other funds.
The beneficiary is committed to write a report at the end of his fieldwork, a resume of the results of his fieldwork and a computer version of his master thesis or thesis when this one is over.
The application must be send by email to the CEDEJ coordinator: firstname.lastname@example.org. An acknowledge of receipt will be send back to you. The selection will on case by case basis all along the year within the limits of available funds.
A prior experience of research in Sudan, a knowledge in Arabic would be strong assets in the applicant selection process.
For further information you can contact us at email@example.com
Allocations de courte durée pour un travail de recherche de terrain au Soudan
L’antenne du CEDEJ à Khartoum propose des allocations de courte durée pour étudiants et jeunes chercheurs travaillant en sciences sociales. Le montant de la bourse sera déterminé au cas par cas, sur étude du dossier de candidature et du budget prévisionnel présenté. L’antenne peut également héberger allocataires et chercheurs de passage, dans la limite des places disponibles, et pour une durée consécutive maximale de 15 jours. Le CEDEJ s’efforcera de faciliter les procédures administratives pour l’obtention du visa et les recherches sur place, mais ne peut en aucun cas être tenu responsable des difficultés administratives et refus de visa. L’allocation ne sera définitivement attribuée et versée qu’une fois l’allocataire au Soudan.
Les conditions requises :
Posséder au moins un diplôme de niveau maîtrise ou master 1 à la date de la demande, obtenu dans une discipline des sciences sociales.
Proposer un thème de recherche portant sur le Soudan contemporain et s’inscrivant dans les disciplines suivantes : anthropologie, sociologie, géographie, science politique, économie, économie politique, histoire, droit, étude du développement
Le dossier de candidature (en anglais ou en français) doit être composé comme suit :
Un Curriculum Vitae (formation, diplômes passés et en cours, recherches précédentes et en cours, publications éventuelles) et un bref descriptif précisant son statut (étudiant de master, doctorant, post-doctorant, institution de rattachement, nom du directeur de recherche, discipline de recherche, titre du travail, année d’inscription)
Un projet de recherche de 3 à 4 pages précisant le projet individuel : l’objet, la problématique, la méthode, les lieux d’étude et le calendrier provisoire du séjour de recherche, ainsi qu’un budget prévisionnel en euros faisant apparaitre les autres financements dont il bénéficie.
L’allocataire s’engage à fournir un rapport écrit à l’issue de son séjour et une élaboration écrite des résultats de son enquête (les détails de cette participation seront précisés lors de l’élaboration de la convention d’allocation), ainsi qu’à transmettre une version informatique (pdf) de son mémoire ou de sa thèse une fois celui-ci achevé.
Les dossiers sont à envoyer, par email, à la coordinatrice du CEDEJ : firstname.lastname@example.org. Un accusé de réception sera envoyé pour chaque dossier. Si vous ne le recevez pas, il vous appartiendra de vérifier que votre dossier nous est bien parvenu et qu’il sera donc examiné. Les demandes seront traitées au cas par cas tout au long de l’année dans les limites des financements disponibles et les réponses adressées au fur et à mesure par courrier électronique.
Note : Une expérience précédente de recherche au Soudan ainsi que la connaissance de la langue arabe (dialecte soudanais) seront considérées comme des atouts majeurs pour la sélection du dossier.
Pour toute information supplémentaire concernant les activités du CEDEJ et ses programmes de recherche, consulter les détails sur le site ou adressez-vous à email@example.com.
Annual conference of the Italian Society for Middle Eastern Studies (SeSaMO)Venice, Ca’ Foscari University, January 16-17, 2015
CALL FOR PAPERS
Panel n. 3, title:
The Arab World and Sahelian Africa: the political economy of an evolving relationship
Giorgio Musso (Ph.D), University of Genova, firstname.lastname@example.org
Raphaelle Chevrillon-Guibert (Ph.D), University of Auvergne, email@example.com
Paper proposal must be submitted directly to the panel organizers (without addressing them to SeSaMO secretariat) and must include a short CV of the applicant and an abstract of max 400 words.
Deadline for abstract submission: August 24, 2014
Acceptance/rejection of paper proposals: September 7, 2014
Working languages: English and French
In this panel, we propose to analyse the multiple links existing between the Arab World and Sahelian Africa, with special attention to economic resource issues. Taking a political economy approach and focusing on the contemporary period, the panel aims to better understand which resources (in a broad sense) constitute the core of these relationships, in addition to how they are shared, controlled and managed. We also invite scholars who wish to examine actors who are at the heart of the resource accumulation processes and detail their development and evolution over time.
The term “resources”, for what concerns this panel, should be meant in the broadest meaning. It relates to the control, management and sale of natural resources (water, oil, mineral rents, etc.) as well as to a wider range of topics such as trade, remittances and foreign investment just to name but a few. As an example, analyses focusing on trade activities that historically constitute the core of the relations between the Sahelian Africa and Arab world as the cattle trade or the trade of manufactured goods will be greatly appreciated.
It is also possible to examine the development of economic relations between the Arab world and Sahelian Africa by crossing questions related to different types of resources and to new economic competitors. Contributions that will analyse the impact of the rise of new global actors – particularly China and the other Asian emerging powers – on the reorganization of economic relations between the Sahelian countries and the Arab-Muslim world, but also inside local societies, could be very relevant.
The existence of trans-Saharan long-distance trade links, pilgrimage routes connecting Sub-Saharan Africa with the Arabian Peninsula, the expeditions of explorers, conquerors and missionaries, give testimony to the strong and long-standing relationship that has been forged between the Sahel and the Arab-Muslim world.
Far from being anecdotal, these links historically unfolded in various political spaces and were central to the state-formation processes in the region. The famous ¨Forty Day Road¨ linking Darfur with southern Egypt is a prime example in this regard. It played a key role in the formation and development of the Darfur Sultanate, whose prosperity was built on the control of the trans-Saharan caravan trade.
Today, these links remain at the heart of multiple sociocultural, economic and political dynamics, which significantly affect political formations in the region.
The recent political upheaval in the Arab world, commonly referred to as the “Arab Spring”, shows that several processes were at play below an apparently “frozen” political surface. Many of the issues driving change (labour migration, the spread of satellite media and the internet, civil and religious activism, the rise of new economic actors, etc.) had a clear regional and, sometimes, transnational character which needs to be investigated. In this perspective, the Sahel has been one of the most affected regions The events in North Africa and the Middle East . Most of the interest and attention of researchers and policy makers in this regard has been focused on the security aspect of transnational relations, only marginally addressing the other aspects.
Strategic and security issues are important and should be adequately addressed. However, it is our intention to avoid the obsession with security that has characterized the literature, albeit non-academic, in this domain, since other relevant dynamics that link the Arab world to the Sahel tend to be overshadowed by security issues.
By studying these relationships through a broader lens, our panel aims to provide an alternative perspective on the relations between Sahelian Africa and the Arab world, placing them in a wider historical and geopolitical context in order to convey their complexity.
The panel wishes to understand both the continuities and breaks in the relations between the Arab world and Sahelian Africa at different levels of observation and analysis (local, national, international, regional, transnational, etc.). Our panel therefore invites contributions assuming a dynamic perspective on the connections between the micro, meso and macro levels in which actors operate and interact with each other. Papers analysing how states and societies shape each other through the control and management of resources will be particularly welcome. We suggest contributors to frame their study in a historical perspective, although we expect papers to be centred on the contemporary period.
The changing nature of borders, the emergence and decline of transnational actors, the transformation of power relations will be central to our analysis, especially as we consider an area widely regarded as peripheral to both the Arab and “black” Africa.
We believe that is precisely the liminal nature of the Sahel that makes it central to multiple dynamics of connection, exchange and conflict. However, because of their geographic location at the periphery of the Arab-Muslim world, the Sahelian countries – which nevertheless share many characteristics of the core countries of the Arab world – are usually excluded from analyses on the transformations of the area. In light of how porous both the physical and conceptual borders of North African and Sahelian countries are, this panel will be also an opportunity for a reflection on the established research patterns covering the Arab-Muslim world. This may open new avenues of research, based on a broader understanding of the processes at work in the Arab-Muslim world.
This panel therefore aims to bring together studies dealing with economic resources which are at the heart of relations between Sahelian Africa and the Arab world. Applicants are invited to use a political economy approach focused on multiple scale levels. However, contributions tackling the research object from other disciplinary fields will be appreciated and evaluated. The use of sources resulting from fieldwork and empirical analysis will be a key criterion for the evaluation of proposals.
Selected authors will be invited to participate to a special issue that will be proposed to an academic journal covering the Arab-Muslim world, such as the International Journal of Middle East Studies or the Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée, or to an African studies journals such as The Journal of Modern African Studies or Politique africaine.
The two formers PhD students from CEDEJ, Laure Crombé (geography at University of Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense and University of Fribourg)
and Philippe Gout (international law at the Institute of Higher International Studies (Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas University) are taking part of the Summer school “Les sciences sociales au Proche-Orient à l’épreuve de leurs sources » at Ifpo (http://www.ifporient.org/node/1529)
in Beirut, (7-11 July 2014). This week offers the opportunity to exchange and share their research on Sudan with other
PhD students working in social sciences from Morocco to Iraq about of the relation to the field and data collection.
This initiative brings back Sudanese research experiences among a wide field of social sciences in the Middle East and the Arab world.
Salle Paul-Albert Février, MMSH, Aix-en-Provence
“The Linguistic Terrain : Mapping Historical Change in Sudan and the Maghrib via Languages and Literary Cultures”
“Invariants et spécificités du prix du sang (diya) en Algérie et au Soudan : à propos d’une comparaison raisonnée”
“Quel(s) centre(s) ? Quelle(s) périphérie(s) ? En quoi ces notions peuvent-elles faire sens ou pas entre Maroc et Soudan du point de vue sociolinguistique ?”
These last months different Phd seminars were held at the Cedej center for Phd students supported by the Cedej. Each seminar gathered sudanese, french, foreigners researchers and Phd students interested or specialized on the topic of the seminar.
- Mai Azzam has presented her research the 6th of March on the youth religious identities in the Sufi orders. For more information about Mai Azzam and her research: http://cedejsudan.hypotheses.org/236 . Mai Azzam has a Cedej scholarships for her Phd.
- Philippe Gout has introduced his research the 4th of May related to « the Protection of minorities in the Peace-building Process in Sudan ». Mr Gout is at the end of his fieldwork scholarship granted by the Cedej. For more information about Philippe Gout research see our website : http://cedejsudan.hypotheses.org/162 .
- Azza Mustafa Ahmed has introduced her research the 15th of May about the analysis of political parties discourse with the case of the Umma Party. Azza Mustafa Ahmed is a Phd student in political science at the University of Khartoum.
- Claire Gillette a french student in geography at Paris 1 Pantheon Sorbonne, has introduced the 25th of June her research about sanitation in Khartoum. In the following of the WAMAKHAIR research program on the water sector, her work explores the various sanitation and sewage systems that coexist in the city and focuses on a study case in Deim and Amarat.
Development of Burhanyyia community: shaping youth religious identities
This research is part of a PhD project in anthropology at the University of Khartoum; it falls under the umbrella of a cooperation program between Paris 8 University and University of Khartoum. Broadly, it is concerned with the general theme of Islamization, Sufi orders and youth in Sudan.
Some scholars expected that Islam is becoming detached gradually from the African continent following the same pattern of detached Christianity in Europe. In fact, Sudan as an African Muslim country is presenting a different case than what was expected by scholars in the past. It can be clearly seen that Islam is becoming more attached to the community, and in particular to the young generation one. Dating back in the history Islam was introduced to Sudan through Sufi orders, in a formula that best suited the community, it was a successful marriage between Sufi ideology and local cultures. Since then, Sudan is subjected to continuous pressures of Islamization, although, this happened in different periods, but the most effective one started with the current regime. It is hard to separate the Islamization process from political ideology, the process which is well studied by different scholars locally as well as internationally. Nevertheless, it is relevant to study the effect of forced Islamization on a Muslim community. The changes that happened in the Muslim community in Sudan can be seen through different indicators, thus, for the sake of this study, religiosity manifestations and modes of religiosity are to be used as entrances to understand new formulas of religious identities. Identities are shaped in a long process that includes religious background as an important element, especially within the youth community. It is worth mentioning that religious identities can be selected or forced, this depends on a complex of factors, which will be studied along through this research. The varieties of religious identities in Sudan are wide and handy, it can be Sufi, Salafi, centrist, etc. This research is concerned with the Sufi “followers”, the case of Sufi orders in Sudan is best suits examining the changes forced by Islamization, taking into account the new forms of Sufi orders that are targeting youth. One of these orders is Burhanyyia in Khartoum, Burhanyyia are interested in young generations. Their discourse, ideology and strategy are directed to attract youth to join the Sufi orders. The case of Burhanyyia is well aligned with the overall trend of what is known as neo-Sufism, but also it is aligned with the massive numbers of Sufi branches, Sufi orders, which are born constantly in Khartoum. The sheikh Mohamed Osman Abdo Al Burhany, had a clear vision regarding his tariqqa, the targeted community, the future plan, and the modernizing mechanisms. There are different layers in the above description; Burhanyyia as a tariqqa that is always coping with the social modernity forces, but also keeping the authenticity of an old Sufi tradition, as well as, reacting towards the Islamization trend, that is fluctuating between forcing a monocular Islamic ideology sometimes, and tolerant to others sometimes. On the other side of this coin, youth who are seeking a religious identity choose to follow Sufi tradition; they find a platform in Burhanyyia which already well prepared to grasp them. This study is trying to understand through studying development of the Burhanyyia community, youth modes of religiosity, sociological motives behind joining a Sufi Order and the process of shaping a religious identity. This will be analyzed under the wide umbrella of the question regarding Islamization effects from an anthropological stand point.
Barbara Casciarri, from the University Paris 8, has submitted in last December for her accreditation to supervise research a synthesis of her research entitle « Ethnographies pastorales en « situation globale » at the University Lumières Lyon 2. This presentation is the results of 24 years of anthropology fieldwork in Morocco and Sudan. You will find following the summary, writing in French by Barbara Casciarri, of the synthesis.
Ethnographies pastorales en « situation globale »
Ce mémoire constitue le bilan de mes recherches de terrain en anthropologie qui se sont déroulées sur une période de 24 ans (1989-2013) dans deux contextes africains (le Soudan et le Maroc), avec une focalisation constante sur la catégorie des sociétés pastorales, par un travail conjoint au sein d’équipes interdisciplinaires aux composants variés (préhistoire, sciences naturelles, géographie). Les groupes qui ont fait l’objet de mes enquêtes (Aḥāmda, Baṭāḥīn et Awlād Nūba au Soudan, Aït Unzār au Maroc) partagent un même contexte écologique (milieux arides africains), une forte liaison avec les modes de production et de reproduction sociale typiques du pastoralisme nomade, et certains traits culturels qui sont communs à l’aire dite arabo-musulmane. Plusieurs thématiques ont caractérisé mes recherches chez ces groupes : les institutions politiques locales et leur rapport avec l’Etat central ; les formes d’accès aux ressources naturelles (terre et eau) ; les formes identitaires et les idéologies ancrées dans les systèmes de parenté, les rapports de sexe ou le « paradigme tribal » ; les transformations liées aux crises écologiques, à la sédentarisation, à l’urbanisation, à l’incorporation dans un système dominé par la logique capitaliste ; les interventions d’acteurs divers pour le développement et la « modernisation ». Dans ce mémoire je reprends les résultats principaux de ces données ethnographiques, qui ont fait déjà l’objet de publications ponctuelles, en essayant de dépasser leur particularité. Mon objectif est d’établir une synthèse capable de souligner les interactions multiples des dynamiques sociales analysées et de déceler leur redéfinition constante au sein du contexte global qui dans la conjoncture actuelle incorpore ces sociétés de petite échelle. Néanmoins, ce mémoire ne veut pas se limiter à une revue, par ordre chronologique ou thématique, des données issues de mes enquêtes et de leur systématisation ou interprétation. Ce travail est aussi guidé par l’ambition de développer une réflexion capable de contribuer au débat plus large de l’anthropologie du monde contemporain.
The Sudanese team of the Andromaque project held a second Workshop in Khartoum in the reading room of the CEDEJ, on Sunday 2 March, from 9:00 am to 13:00 pm.
The Andromaque Sudan Team gathered European and Sudanese researchers, whose main background is social anthropology, and has recently integrated 2 researchers with a law background. The members present at the workshop of the research team were: Barbara Casciarri (anthropologist, University Paris 8 Saint Denis, France, team’s scientific coordinator); Munzoul Assal and Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil (Department of Anthropology, UoK); Mohamed Abdessalam Babiker (Department of Law, UoK); Philippe Gout (PhD in Law, University Paris II Panthéon Assas, France) and Mai Azzam ( PhD student in anthropology, Khartoum, Sudan). Alice Franck, the coordinator of the CEDEJ in Khartoum was also present during the workshop.
For further information about the Andromaque project you can refer to the post about the first workshop of Andromaque.
Franck Derrien is geographer. After his master (université Paris-IV-Sorbonne, Institut de géographie), he defended his PhD thesis entitled “Analyse de l’occupation du Sinaï durant l’Holocène : comparaison des occupations humaines actuelles et passées” at the university of Aix-Marseille the 25th june 2012.
Franck Derrien works in Egypt since 10 years. In this country, his research focuses on an ethnographic study of the Bedouin of Sinai, their tribal boundaries, the seasonal management of the territories and the saints’ cult practices. After 2 years in Cairo as a researcher for the French ministry of foreign affairs (Nov 2004 – Nov 2006) and more than 1 year as a Police officer to the French ministry of higher education and research in Paris (Oct 2009 – Jan 2011), he is Research associate to the Cedej-Khartoum since 2012.
Franck Derrien works in Sudan since 2008. His research focuses on an ethnographic study of the nomads who use the desert roads of the Sudanese western desert for animal, salt and natrun trade.
Coming back from Selima oasis (North Sudan)
Selima is located approximately 120 km north-west of the Nile at the latitude of Sedeinga and 70 km from the border with Egypt. This oasis was a stop on the Darb al-Arbain linking Darfur (Sudan) to Assiut (Egypt), through Bir Natrun, al-Chab and Kharga, among others. This track was used, at least in some portions, until the 1980s. The team of the French archaeological mission “Selima Oasis Project” worked in this oasis between the 31st October 2013 and the 17th November 17, 2013, under the direction of Coralie Gradel, Researcher at the French Unit of the National Museum in Khartoum (French Ministry of Foreign Affairs /CNRS). The team included two German researchers from the University of Cologne and four Sudanese (an inspector of antiquities, a driver and two workers).
As the geographer of this archaeological mission, Franck Derrien was responsible for mapping the oasis (vegetation, water resources …) in November 2011. Two years later, the aim was to complete the map, to obtain informations about the excavation and the transport of salt and natrun by nomads between Egypt and Sudan and get information about the current use of the desert roads of the Sudanese Western Desert by nomads for animal trade (camel, donkey, cow…). This study is a continuation of the research that he leads in the Egyptian Western Desert since 2012 when he began an ethnographical study of the Rachaida, a tribe whose members moved along the Darb al-Arbain between the oasis of Kharga and Selima until the 1980s.
The results of the first mission conducted in 2011 were presented at the 7th International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis Project organized by the University of Leiden (http://media.leidenuniv.nl/legacy/dop-2012-programme.pdf). The first results of the 2013 mission will be presented at the 13th International Conference for Nubian Studies at the University of Neuchâtel between the 1st and the 6th September 2014.
The touristic performance of Sudan
Sudan is now at a key moment in its history. When he was still the largest country in Africa, the economy was mainly based on oil. Following the self-determination referendum which resulted in the declaration of independence of South Sudan on 9th July 2011, Sudan lost 10 millions of inhabitants, a quarter of its surface and substantially all of its oil revenues, the fields are mainly located in the south. The country is therefore time to decide. Sudan must find other sources of income. Can tourism contribute significantly to the supply of foreign exchange and job creation in this country?
After a short presentation of the current economic context of Sudan, Franck Derrien present successively the assets of the country regarding tourism, its touristic performance, the strategies implemented to optimize the sector of the tourism and the challenges to increase its economic weight. This study ends with a synthesis which recapitulates the strengths and the weaknesses of the sector of the tourism in the Sudan in 2013, without forgetting the opportunities and the threats (SWOT Analysis). This article will be published mid-2014 :
Franck Derrien. Le Tourisme au Soudan : une destination confidentielle ? Tourisme et territoires. Volume 4. Juin 2014.
Guillaume Sauloup is a Ph.D student in geography at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (UMR Prodig-CNRS). He analyses street economies in Sudan. He conducted five fieldworks since 2010 with the assistance of CEDEJ. After a first study (for a master degree) on construction laborers, his current research focuses on street workers in several neighborhoods of the capital of the Sudan (Khartoum 2, Souk el arabi, Mayo, Deim). The aim of the research is to understand the contribution of street jobs in the shaping of urban space and their role in the « urban belonging » of workers. Guillaume is currently writing his thesis and teaching at the university.