Soudan : Identités en tension

In Sudan, the various modalities of participation in Islam and Arab identity affect relations between populations and segments of society according to variable gradients between recognition and denial. From the micro-local to the international scale, the positions between Arabity and Islam intersect the debates on national identity, according to changing and multiple configurations. Regional borders and other institutional arrangements inherited from colonial constructions have given rise to numerous conflicts and reshuffles while forming a referential base. The independence of Southern Sudan in 2011, ending decades of war and ethnic polarization, was a testimony to the failure of national construction. This stage did not end the reconfigurations of identities and power relations in the country, as evidenced by the inclusive slogans dealing with identity issues carried by the revolutionary movement that led in April 2019 to the fall of the Islamic regime in place since 1989. Focused on an interdisciplinary approach, attentive to long-term phenomena and the empirical anchoring of situated fieldworks, this issue is devoted to identity reconfigurations in Sudan. The historical arrangements and the declinations around three notions of ethnicity, religion and nationalism are questioned beyond the specificity of the Sudanese case.

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