– title/affiliation: research fellow in political economy at the French National Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD), and work at the PRODIG Joint Research Unit (CNRS, Universities Paris 1-4-7, IRD, EPHE, AgroParisTech).
For ten years she has investigated patterns of Islamist hegemony in Sudan. She has made an in-depth study of alliances Sudanese Islamists have constructed with specific segments of the Sudanese society. She has published several papers on such issue. Raphaëlle is currently working on the issue of conflicts related to the access and exploitation of natural resources in Swahilian and Northern Africa (mainly Sudan, Chad and Morocco). In Sudan she studies the implementation of new economic policies toward agriculture and extractives activities. She also focus on trade circulations linked to those activities. Her researches take part of two broader projects; one compares contemporary extractive dynamics in Sahelian and Northern Africa countries, and the other focuses on the Nile Valley and tries to understand how economic actors (« formal » and « informal ») thrive in a widely deteriorated political-economic environment.
Main recent publications:
avec A. Franck (2017), « Le Soudan après 2011 » in J. Andrieu (Dir.), Sahel, Sahara, Afrique du Nord : un environnement, des sociétés, un territoire, coll. Manuel CAPES/AGREG, Ellipses.
(2017), « Importing goods to Khartoum: traders between Sudan, China and Dubaï » in Röschenthaler U. et Jedlowski A. (eds.), Mobility Between Africa, Asia and Latin America: Economic Networks and Cultural Interactions,(London: Zed Books)).
(2017) « Charity and Commercial Success as Vectors of Asymmetry and Inequality: The Unconceptualised Elements of Development in Islamist Sudan during the First Republic », in B. Hibou et I. Bono (eds.), Development as a Battlefield, Leiden, Brill Nijhoff.
(2016) « Les commerçants zaghawa du Darfour (Soudan): des passeurs de frontières ». Territoire en Mouvement, 29.
(2016) ’The Gold Boom in Sudan. Challenges and Opportunities for National Players’, International Development Policy, 7.1.
– title/affiliation: University of Khartoum – Department of Sociology & Social Anthropology
Netsereab Ghebremichael Andom holds a PhD from the University of Khartoum – Department of Sociology & Social Anthropology. As a former Eritrean refugee (1985-1991) in Eastern Sudan, his area of interest has remained on “migration studies.” Having completed his B.A degree in Sociology from the University of Asmara in 2000, he did his BSc (Hon) and MSc in Sociology from the University of Natal (Republic of South Africa) in 2003 and end of 2004, respectively. His Master’s thesis was on “Socio-Economic Re-Integration of Refugee Returnees in Eritrea: the case of PROFERI Project in Dige Sub-Zone.” Disturbed by the massive youth “exodus” that post-2000 Eritrea witnessed, his PhD project focused on “Irregular Youth Migration from Post-Independence Eritrea to the Sudan (1993-2013): Causes, Implications and Trends” where he conducted a cross-national field work both in the migrant producing and receiving/transit-countries. While this study was chiefly funded by the National Board of Higher Education of the State of Eritrea, it also partly benefited from a generous sponsorship from French Research Centre for Social Sciences. Apart from working as an independent consultant to various international and national NGOs operating in Eritrea (notably UNHCR, NCA and NUEYS), he has worked as a lecturer for eight years in various Eritrean institutes of higher learning. From 2014 to 2016, he also worked as a part-time lecturer at the University of Medical Sciences and Technology (Khartoum), Faculty of Economic, Social and Environmental Studies.
Katarzyna GRABSKA :
– title/affiliation: Senior Research Fellow at the Global Migration Centre of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva.
She received her PhD in Development Studies/Anthropology from the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex, UK. Her research focuses on gender, generation, youth, displacement, refuges, return, and identities. For her PhD, she analyzed social transformations in the context of forced displacement and return among southern Sudanese refugees. She is particularly interested in intersections of power, gender identities and gender and generational relations in forced displacement situations and the impact of (forced) migration on youth. Recently, she has been developing a strand of work around narratives of displacement and refugeeness, and urban displacement.
Prior to entering academia, Kasia worked and researched in the humanitarian field on issues of human rights, migration, and refugees in Guinea, Cambodia and Vietnam. She then moved in Egypt where she engaged in research among urban refugees. Consequently, she carried out research in Lebanon, Ghana, Kyrgyzstan, Sudan, and South Sudan, refugee livelihoods, access to rights, social transformations and displacement, and adolescent girls’ migration in the Middle East and East Africa. Kasia used visual media, feminist methodologies, and participatory methodologies in fieldwork. Since 2002, she has been carrying out a longitudinal study of gender relation transformations among Nuer from South Sudan in Egypt, Kenya, South Sudan and in Khartoum. She recently completed a three year long research analyzing adolescent girls migration and displacement in Sudan. Grabska published widely in academic journals as well as has made documentary films. Her most recent film was made in collaboration with a team of researchers and filmmakers, and is called Time to look at girls: migrants in Ethiopia and Bangladesh. The long version of the film, 2 Girls, has been awarded several prizes at international film festivals, including the First Prize for the best Italian Documentary at the RIFF (Rome, December 2016) and the Grand Prix for the Best Foreign Film at 7th HumanDoc International Documentary Film Festival (Warsaw, November 2016), Tiburon International Film Festival Grand Prix 2017, etc.. Kasia is the author of Gender, Identity and Home: Nuer repatriation to South Sudan (2014) which received the Armory Talbot Prize in 2015 and co-editor of Forced Migration: Why Rights Matter? (2008).
Grabska, K, de Regt, M and del Franco, N (In preparation) – Transitions into adulthood: adolescent girls’ migration in the Global South, Palgrave Macmillan.
(2014) Grabska, K. – Gender, identity home: Nuer repatriation to Southern Sudan, James Currey: Oxford.
(2008) Grabska, K and Mehta. L (eds)–Forced Displacement: Why Rights Matter?, Palgrave MacMillan: London.
Articles in refereed journals:
(2016) “South Sudanese in Khartoum: The House in Amarat” (with Peter Miller), Egypte/Monde Arabe (In Press), vol. 14.
(2015) “Flight and Exile: Uncertainty in the context of conflict-induced displacement”, co-author with Cindy Horst, Social Analysis, vol. 59(1)
(2015) ‘And when I become a man’: trans-local coping with precariousness and uncertainty among returnee men in South Sudan’, co-author with Martha Fanjoy, Social Analysis, vol.59(1)
Dr. Enrico ILLE, LOST Research Network
– title/affiliation: independent researcher, member of the Law, Organization, Science and Technology (LOST) Research Group
Enrico Ille has a doctoral degree in Social and Cultural Anthropology from the University of Halle, Germany, and is a member of the Law, Organization, Science and Technology (LOST) Research Network. After holding positions as Assistant Professor at the Martin Luther University of Halle and at Ahfad University for Women, Sudan, he is currently Urgent Anthropology Fellow (The British Museum / Royal Anthropological Institute, London) with research on supply chains involving date production along the Nile in northern Sudan. He co-edited the volume Emerging orders in the Sudans (with Sandra Calkins and Richard Rottenburg, Langaa 2014) and published an annotated bibliography and a number of journal and book articles on the Nuba Mountains, discussing history, land issues and political economy, as well as development initiatives for agricultural production and water supply. His general research interest is the relation of state institutions, companies and communities in mineral resource extraction and food supply chains throughout Sudan.
2016. Political, financial and moral aspects of Sudan’s private higher education. InRethinking private higher education. Ethnographic perspectives, edited by Daniele Cantini. Leiden: Brill, 98-130
2016. Complications in the classification of conflict areas and conflict actors for the identification of ‘conflict gold’ from Sudan.The Extractive Industries and Society 3, 193-203. DOI:10.1016/j.exis.2015.12.005.
2015. The Nuba Mountains between coercion and persuasion during Mahdist rule (1881-1898).Northeast Africa Studies15 (2): 1-63.
2015 .‘But they can’t manage to silence us’: Mahjoub Sharif’s prison poem ‘A homesick sparrow’ (1990) as resistance to political confinement.Middle East – Topics & Arguments5, 117-130. DOI: 10.17192/meta.2015.5.3520.
2015. (with Sandra Calkins, Siri Lamoureaux, Richard Rottenburg). Rethinking institutional orders in Sudan Studies: the case of land access in Kordofan, Blue Nile and Darfur. Canadian Journal of African Studies 49 (1): 175-195.
2015. An annotated bibliography of social research on the Nuba Mountains. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute
Alice FRANCK :
– title/affiliation: Associate professor of geography, Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University
Alice Franck Associate professor of geography, Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University, UMR PRODIG, during the years (2013-2016) she was the coordinator of the CEDEJ-Khartoum. After a PhD research on urban agriculture in Greater Khartoum (Sudan), her research looks at two different issues: urban landed dynamics and urban livestock production. Within the recent context of the Sudanese capital city’s urban development, land property conflicts is one of the core topics of her research together with issues of socio-spatial and political reconfigurations after the independence of South Soudan, about which she co-edited a special issue of Egypte Monde Arabe (vol. 14, 2016, Sudan, Five years after the Independence of South Sudan). Following her perspective on urban livestock production, she recently opened a new field of research which questions the places, shapes and stakes of ritual animal death in the urban space through the Muslim ‘Feast of the Sacrifice’ (with J. Gardin and O. Givre, (2016), « Blood and the city. Animal representations and urban (dis) ordersduring the “feast of the sacrifice” in Istanbul and Khartoum », in Anthropology of the Middle East- Volume 11, special issue Man and Animal Relationships in the Middle East, editedby M. Mashkour and A. Grisoni).
Franck, A. & R. Chevrillon-Guibert, (2017), « Les recompositions du Soudan après l’indépendance du Sud », dans l’Afrique : du sahel et du Sahara à la méditerranée, Manuel de concours capes/agregation, Ellipse, pp. 222-233.
Franck, A. & E. Vezzadini (dir), (2016), « Introduction : Sudan, five years after Independance of South Sudan », Égypte/Monde arabe, Troisième série, 14 | 2016.
Franck, A., (2016) « Le Grand Khartoum sans Sudistes ? », Égypte/Monde arabe, Troisième série, 14 | 2016.
Franck, A, (2016), « Insécurité foncière généralisée à Khartoum : quand les titres de propriété ne protègent plus des prédations publiques », Métropolitiques.
Franck, A., Gardin, J., Givre, O. (2016), « Blood and the city. Animal representations and urban (dis) ordersduring the “feast of the sacrifice” in Istanbul and Khartoum », in Anthropology of the Middle East- Volume 11, special issue Man and Animal Relationships in the Middle East, edited by M. Mashkour and A. Grisoni
Franck, A., Gardin, J., Givre, O. (2015). ‘La mort animale rituelle en ville. Une approche comparée de la “Fête du sacrifice” à Istanbul, Khartoum et Paris’, in Les animaux dans la ville 1, Histoire Urbaine n°44 – décembre 2015, 99-128.
Franck A., (2015), « Urban agriculture facing the land pressure in Greater Khartoum: the case of new real estate projects in Tuti and Abu Se’ïd », dans Assal, Casciarri and Ireton (ed.), Reshaping livelihoods, political conflicts and identities in contemporary Sudan, Oxford, Berghahn books.
Choplib A et A. Franck, (2015), « Seeing Dubai in Khartoum Khartoun and Nouakchott; « gulfication » on the margins of the Arab Word », in BROMER K, KRAWIETZ B., Gulf Under Construction, London : Ashgate
– title/affiliation: Research Fellow of the CNRS (French national centre for scientific research), affiliated with the University of Paris 1 – Panthéon Sorbonne and the IMAF (Institut des Mondes Africains)
Elena Vezzadini is a historian of colonial Sudanese history. She is a research fellow at the French National Centre of Scientific Research (CNRS), affiliated with the Institute of African Worlds (IMAF), Centre Malher, and the University of Paris 1 – Panthéon Sorbonne. She was trained in modern history and literature at the University of Bologna, Italy, and the University of Arras, France, and she obtained her PhD in History at the University of Bergen, Norway. She has taught a variety of courses on both African History and the History of Modern Middle East in France, Norway, Sweden and Italy.
Her research has focused on the development of a nationalist movement in Sudan after the First World War, with a double focus: first, the ‘global moment’ of anti-colonial unrest that shook the imperial world after the First World War; and second, the social history of the nationalist movement entwined into such a global moment. She has crossed life stories and larger social dynamics, such as changes in labour and economy, education, and the army.
Her more recent works have explored the period of the independence of Sudan on a variety of topics, with sources mostly drawn from the Sudanese print culture: the development of trade unions and of a syndicalist movement; the links between romantic companionship, modernity, ideals of love, and politics; and the gendering of emotions through the press in discourses about the role of women in Sudan.
Research interests, Keywords:nationalism, social history, the army, labour, education, trade unionism, history of affects, Sudanese print culture
Recent/main publications :
For an updated list of recent publications, please follow this link:
Barbara CASCIARRI :
– title/affiliation: Associated Professor, Département de Sociologie et d’Anthropologie, Université Saint-Denis Paris 8 (France)
Barbara Casciarri holds a PhD in Ethnology and Social Anthropology from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris (France). She did fieldwork on economic and political anthropology in Sudan (1989-2016) among Arabic-speaking pastoralists and in a working-class neighbourhood of Khartoum (Deim), and in Morocco (2000-2006) on the relationship between Berber-speaking nomads and Arabic-speaking farmers. She was coordinator of the cedej in Khartoum between 2006 and 2009. Since 2004, she has been Associate Professor at the Department of Sociology, University Paris 8 (France) and researcher at the lavue-umr 7218. She has been scientific coordinator of two anr Projects in Sudan: wamakhair (2008-2012) and andromaque (2011-2014). Since 2009, she has been responsible for the scientific agreement between the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Khartoum, and Paris 8 University
-Socio-economic transformation of pastoral and peasant societies in arid zone of Africa.
-Practices and politics in access to water and land among rural groups of the global South.
-Kinship, politics, tribal structures and identity processes in the Arab-Muslim world.
-Legal practices and interactions between customary law and Islamic law.
-Urban natures and urbanization dynamics in the context of neoliberal globalization.
-Fieldworks: Sudan, Morocco, France, Italy.
2018 (forthcoming) Anthropology of Law in Muslim Sudan. Land, Courts and the Plurality of Practices, Brill, Leiden Studies in Islam and Society (with M A Babiker).
2015 Multidimensional Change in Sudan (1989-2011). Reshaping livelihoods, conflicts and identities, Oxford/New York, Berghahn Books (with M Assal & F Ireton).
2013 Anthropologie et eau(x), special issue Journal des anthropologues, 132-133 (with M Van Aken).
Recent articles and chapters:
2016 « Les Ait Unzâr du Sud-est marocain et ‘l’invention’ du moussem de Si Lmedani (2003-2006) », in Dupret, B., Ferrié J.-N., Boutaleb, A. & Z. Rhani (eds.), Le Maroc au présent. D’une époque à l’autre, une société en mutation, Centre Jacques Berque/Fondation Abdulaziz, Rabat/Casablanca : 497-508
2016 « Etre, devenir et ne plus être janûbi : sur quelques parcours de l’identité ‘sudiste’ entre le CPA et l’après 2011 dans un quartier populaire de Khartoum (Deim) », Egypte/Monde Arabe, 14.
2015 « Ethnographie des pratiques légales autour de la revendication des droits fonciers chez les groupes pastoraux de l’Etat de Khartoum », L’année du Maghreb, Dossier XIII : Pratiques du droit et propriété au Maghreb : 39-60.
2015 « De l’altérité et de l’invisibilité des groupes pastoraux au Soudan. Repenser les études soudanaises en partant de leurs marges mobiles », Rethninking Sudanese Studies after the independance of South Sudan, special issue Canadian Journal of African Studies, 49, 1 : 147-173.
Franck DERRIEN :
-title/affiliation: independent researcher
Franck Derrien is geographer. After his master (université Paris-IV-Sorbonne, Institut de géographie), he defended his PhD thesis entitled “Analyse de l’occupation du Sinaï durant l’Holocène : comparaison des occupations humaines actuelles et passées” at the university of Aix-Marseille the 25th june 2012.
Franck Derrien works in Egypt since 10 years. In this country, his research focuses on an ethnographic study of the Bedouin of Sinai, their tribal boundaries, the seasonal management of the territories and the saints’ cult practices. After 2 years in Cairo as a researcher for the French ministry of foreign affairs (Nov 2004 – Nov 2006) and more than 1 year as a Police officer to the French ministry of higher education and research in Paris (Oct 2009 – Jan 2011), he is Research associate to the Cedej-Khartoum since 2012.
Franck Derrien works in Sudan since 2008. His research focuses on an ethnographic study of the nomads who use the desert roads of the Sudanese western desert for animal, salt and natrun trade.
Coming back from Selima oasis (North Sudan)
An interview with the nomads coming from Darfur and going to Egypt (Sedeinga, Sudan, November 2013) © Coralie Gradel
A nomad drawing ground the track between Egypt and Sudan (Farafra, Egypt, January 2013) © Franck Derrien
Selima is located approximately 120 km north-west of the Nile at the latitude of Sedeinga and 70 km from the border with Egypt. This oasis was a stop on the Darb al-Arbain linking Darfur (Sudan) to Assiut (Egypt), through Bir Natrun, al-Chab and Kharga, among others. This track was used, at least in some portions, until the 1980s. The team of the French archaeological mission “Selima Oasis Project” worked in this oasis between the 31st October 2013 and the 17th November 17, 2013, under the direction of Coralie Gradel, Researcher at the French Unit of the National Museum in Khartoum (French Ministry of Foreign Affairs /CNRS). The team included two German researchers from the University of Cologne and four Sudanese (an inspector of antiquities, a driver and two workers).
As the geographer of this archaeological mission, Franck Derrien was responsible for mapping the oasis (vegetation, water resources …) in November 2011. Two years later, the aim was to complete the map, to obtain informations about the excavation and the transport of salt and natrun by nomads between Egypt and Sudan and get information about the current use of the desert roads of the Sudanese Western Desert by nomads for animal trade (camel, donkey, cow…). This study is a continuation of the research that he leads in the Egyptian Western Desert since 2012 when he began an ethnographical study of the Rachaida, a tribe whose members moved along the Darb al-Arbain between the oasis of Kharga and Selima until the 1980s.
The results of the first mission conducted in 2011 were presented at the 7th International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis Project organized by the University of Leiden (http://media.leidenuniv.nl/legacy/dop-2012-programme.pdf). The first results of the 2013 mission will be presented at the 13th International Conference for Nubian Studies at the University of Neuchâtel between the 1st and the 6th September 2014.
The touristic performance of Sudan
The camel drivers waiting the tourists near the pyramids of Méroé (November 2012) © Franck Derrien
Sudan is now at a key moment in its history. When he was still the largest country in Africa, the economy was mainly based on oil. Following the self-determination referendum which resulted in the declaration of independence of South Sudan on 9th July 2011, Sudan lost 10 millions of inhabitants, a quarter of its surface and substantially all of its oil revenues, the fields are mainly located in the south. The country is therefore time to decide. Sudan must find other sources of income. Can tourism contribute significantly to the supply of foreign exchange and job creation in this country?
After a short presentation of the current economic context of Sudan, Franck Derrien present successively the assets of the country regarding tourism, its touristic performance, the strategies implemented to optimize the sector of the tourism and the challenges to increase its economic weight. This study ends with a synthesis which recapitulates the strengths and the weaknesses of the sector of the tourism in the Sudan in 2013, without forgetting the opportunities and the threats (SWOT Analysis). This article will be published mid-2014 :
Franck Derrien. Le Tourisme au Soudan : une destination confidentielle ? Tourisme et territoires. Volume 4. Juin 2014
Atta El- Battahan :
Atta El-Battahani is a Professor in Political Science, Political Economy; educated at Khartoum University (Sudan) and Sussex University (Britain). Earlier, he served as Head Department of Political Science, Faculty of Economics, University of Khartoum; as Manager and Senior Advisor for International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) in Sudan.
He has extensive research experience and has published on Development Impact of Ethnic and Religious Conflicts in African Societies; Governance and state institutional reform in Africa and the Middle East; conflict and Cooperation in the Nile Valley; Gender Politics; Peripheral Capitalism and Political Islam; Elections and Political Transitions, and Democracy Deficit in the Arab World.
El-Battahani is Editor-in-Chief of Sudan Journal of Economic and Social Studies.
Jan Záhořík :
Jan Záhořík, (1979) holds a Ph.D. in African Studies from Charles University. His research focus includes modern and contemporary history and politics on Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa, Czech-African and European-African relations, conflicts in Africa, and Cold War in Africa. He has published several books and dozens of articles and book chapters, the latest being « The Horn of Africa since the 1960s: Local and International Politics Intertwined » (New York: Routledge, co-edited with Aleksi Ylonen).
Anaël POUSSIER :
– title/affiliation: PHD candidate from the University Sorbonne – Paris 1
Anael Poussier is a doctoral candidate from the University Sorbonne – Paris 1, working under the under the supervision of Pierre Vermeren (University Sorbonne Paris 1 – IMAF) on the the history of the Mahdiyya (1880-1898). His PhD thesis attempts to analyse the socio-economic factors that defined the mobilization of the Sudanese population in favor of the Mahdist regime, with a particular emphasis on the Eastern Sudan. More broadly, his interests span the pre-colonial economic history of the Sub-Saharan belt and the various forms of social mobilization in this region during the XIXth century.
Anne-Laure MAHÉ :
-title/affiliation: PhD Candidate in Political science at the Université de Montréal and the Montreal Centre for International Studies (CÉRIUM)
Anne-Laure Mahé est candidate au doctorat en science politique à l’Université de Montréal et chercheuse au Centre d’Études et de Recherches Internationales (CÉRIUM). Sa thèse, en cours de rédaction sous la direction du professeur Mamoudou Gazibo, vise à mettre en évidence les mécanismes de la résilience autoritaire au Soudan. Elle démontre à travers l’analyse d’une politique de développement mise en place dans l’un des états fédérés comment la domination de l’État central est produite et négociée au niveau local. Ses intérêts de recherches portent de façon plus générale sur le rôle des institutions infranationales et des politiques participatives dans les régimes non-démocratiques. Dans le cadre de son doctorat, elle a effectué deux séjours de recherche au Centre d’études et de documentation économiques, juridiques et sociales à Khartoum (CEDEJ-K). Elle est diplômée de Sciences Po Bordeaux (France).
Anne-Laure Mahé is a PhD Candidate in Political science at the Université de Montréal and the Montreal Centre for International Studies (CÉRIUM). She is currently writing her dissertation under the supervision of Pr. MamoudouGazibo. Her dissertation aims to gain a deeper understanding of the mechanisms of authoritarian resiliency in Sudan. Through an analysis of a development policy implemented in one of the federated states, she demonstrates how the central state’s domination is producted and negotiated at the local level. Her research interests focus more generally on the role of subnational institutions and participatory devices in non-democratic regimes. She has completed field research in Sudan with the support of the Centre for social, legal and economic studies and documentation in Khartoum (CEDEJ-K). She holds a Master’s degree in political science from Sciences Po Bordeaux (France).
Ester SERRA MINGOT
title/affiliation: PhD Candidate at the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences in Maastricht University
She is currently doing his doctorate on transnational social protection. How Sudanese migrants in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom and their families in Sudan use social protection, locally and transnationally.
In Sudan, CEDEJ Khartoum will support her fieldwork.
Here is a brief extract of Ester Serra Mingot’s research plan:
« This study, thus, investigates how Sudanese migrants in the Netherlands and the UK, and their families, in Sudan, make use of different forms of social protection, locally and across borders. I will do this by answering the main research question:
“How do Sudanese migrants in the Netherlands and the UK and their families in Sudan make use of different forms of social protection, locally and across borders?”
In order to answer this question, four sub-questions have been identified:
What forms of social protection do Sudanese transnational families use, in order to receive and provide protection?
Are different forms of social protection used to address different needs, and if so how?
What factors of receiving country contexts influence the forms of social protection used?
How do the different forms of social protection affect the relationships between the migrants and their families ‘back home’? »
Matthew STEELE :
-title/affiliation: PHD candidate in Islamic Studies at Harvard University
Matthew Steele is a Ph.D student in Islamic Studies at Harvard University. He researches jurisprudence and knowledge production in West and North Africa, with a particular focus on the intellectual history, texts, and communities that shaped legal scholarship from the 18th to early 20th centuries. Matthew has previously conducted fieldwork in Yemen, Morocco, Mauritania, and Senegal. He received his undergraduate degree at Swarthmore College and Master’s degree at Dartmouth College, where his work on customary law in Yemen was awarded the outstanding graduate thesis of 2012.
In Sudan, Matthew is serving as a Visiting Research Fellow at the University of Khartoum’s Department of Islamic Studies for the 2014/2015 academic year. His current research project considers the development of Maliki and Shafi’I legal thought in Sudan, addressing how each of these two juridical schools developed epistemologies, institutions, and textual communities of learning that have not been adequately studied in scholarship on Islam in Sudan.
“Text, Body and Law: Naked Prayer in the Commentaries of the Mukhtasar Khalil,” Journal of the Middle East and Africa 8.3 (2017).
:Main Conferences papers and presentations:
Shanāqiṭa of Mecca and Medina: Knowledge Production in Islamic Africa and the Early Modern Hijaz. Paper to be presented at “Makkah and the Hejaz in the Imperial-era: Migrations and Scholarly Networks in the 19th & 20th Centuries,” King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia), 06 December 2017.
Of Memory and Mukhtasars: The Making of a Community and Text in Sudan. Presented to be presented at Annual Meeting of American Anthropology Association, Washington, DC, 30 November 2017.
An Azawadi in `Atbara: Reading the Western Sahel in 19th Century Sudan. Presented at Annual Meeting of African Studies Association, Chicago, IL, 17 November 2017.
The Khalil and Commentary: The Making of Legal Literary Canon in West Africa. Paper presented at “Texts, Knowledge, Practice: Scholarship in Muslim Africa,” Harvard University, 17 February 2017.
Shinqiti Scholar and Zaydi Imam: Knowledge Transmission in Pre-Modern Sahel. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of African Studies Association, Washington, DC, 03 December 2016.
Reading Circles, Canonization, and Making of Community: Ethnography of a Text’s Transmission in Sudan. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of American Anthropological Association, Minneapolis, MN, 16 November 2016.
Mastering Law or Experiencing God? Scholasticism, Fiqh, and Religious Expression in Pre Colonial Sudan. Paper presented at American Academy of Religion Pacific Northwest Conference, Moscow, ID, 21 May 2016.
Shafi`i Students, Maliki Scholars, and Hanafi Laws: The Making of Juridical Authority in Early 20th Century Sudan. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of American Academy of Religion, Atlanta, GA, 23 November 2015.
Intellectual History Without Law? Sudan and Legal Literature in the Early Modern Period. Paper presented at Harvard University’s Workshop on Arabic & Islamic Studies (WAIS), Cambridge, MA, 14 October 2015.
Law as Commentary: Glossation and the Making of Juridical Scholarship in 19th Century Sudan. Paper presented at Knowing Islam: Interdisciplinary Seminar on Muslim Epistemology, University of Michigan, 28 August, 2015.
Nazala min al-Shinqit wa Wasala ila al-Tayshit? Tatawarat `Ilm al-Fiqh fi al-Sudan [Arrived from the Shinqit and returned to Tayshit? The Development of Juridical Knowledge in Sudan]. Invited lecture given in Arabic, Department of Islamic Studies, University of Khartoum (Sudan), 25 January 2015.
Engendering the Law? Situating Methodology in Islamic Seminary Studies and Fiqh Literature in Sudan. Invited lecture given to Research Workshop, Centre d’Etudes et de Documentation Economiques, Juridiques et Sociales (CEDEJ – Khartoum), 07 January 2015.
Nathalie E. COSTE :
-title/affiliation: PhD candidate in Political Science and International Relations at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po Paris)
She graduated from Sciences Po’s Research Master’s Degree in Political Science of International Relations in 2012. Her Master’s thesis focused on secessionist dynamics and state-building in Sudan and South Sudan.
She holds a scholarship position (doctoral contract, 2012-2015) and is a junior course lecturer (allocataire-monitrice) at Sciences Po Paris while advancing her PhD research.
The latter focuses on the impacts of (in)opportune interactions between local, regional and global stakeholders on separatism in Africa. It investigates the case of the Sudan(s), from 2002 to 2011. She wonders how come the creation of a new state ended up to be the only considered geopolitical solution to a civil conflict whose roots could, though, be accounted for by the nature of the institutional and political Sudanese state apparatus. It finally tries to highlight some of the paradoxes that one could identify by confronting local and international attitudes and processes.
Maaï YOUSSEF :
-title/affiliation: PHD candidate from the University Sorbonne- Paris 1
After a first master’s degree in medieval african history in 2010 (CEMAf, Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne), Maaï Youssef holds a second master’s degree in sociology in 2014. Part of the Economic Crises, Migration and Development program in Egypt (ECOMIG), her research was focused on the syrian and sudanese refugees’ situation since 2011. The CEDEJ in Khartoum welcomed her for a short fieldwork there in march 2014. She was researching genesis of transnational networks of the sudanese political opposition of Darfur and Kordofan, that she was focused on in Cairo. She discussed her research during an helpful seminar at CEDEJ. She conducted fieldwork in Egypt, Sudan and Turkey. She is now researching comparatively the effects of the political context on syrian exiles in Egypt and Turkey, and keep a deep interest on the Sudanese case in an historical perspective. She is currently working on political commitment and transnational networks during an exile into an authoritarian context. Her PhD research is funded by Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne.
-title/affiliation: PHD candidate in geography at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (UMR Prodig-CNRS).
He analyses street economies in Sudan. He conducted five fieldworks since 2010 with the assistance of CEDEJ. After a first study (for a master degree) on construction laborers, his current research focuses on street workers in several neighborhoods of the capital of the Sudan (Khartoum 2, Souk el arabi, Mayo, Deim). The aim of the research is to understand the contribution of street jobs in the shaping of urban space and their role in the « urban belonging » of workers. Guillaume is currently writing his thesis and teaching at the university
Philippe GOUT :
-title/affiliation: PHD candidate in international law at the Institute of Higher International Studies (Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas University).
His research relates to The Protection of Minorities in Peacebuilding Process and mainly addresses ethnic groups. Relying on a regional approach, Philippe essentially focuses on the African context and on the legal innovations of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights.
His research brings closer two different issues: Peacebuilding – which is often equated to the new legal and controversial concept of jus post bellum – and the law of minorities. So as to associate these two issues into one comprehensive study, the research combines two objectivist approaches to international law: the sociological approach (G. Scelle) and the more recent democratic approach to international law (built upon J. Habermas’ thought).
Starting with Sudan as his main field research, Philippe intends to widen the scope of his study to Sudan’s surrounding States in order to challenge the classic legal dichotomy between international and internal armed conflicts. In so doing, the research aims at testing the consistency of the new legal concept of jus post bellum and at determining the nature and scope of the legal responsibility and accountability of peacebuilding stakeholders: from local tribal units to international organizations’ agencies.
The research otherwise aims at determining the extent to which international and regional legal systems rely on traditional laws of ethnic – and religious – groups in an attempt to uphold the peace building process. It notably tries to determine whether ethnic units can be granted collective status and rights additional to standard individual minority rights. It finally calls into question the international legal personality of ethnic minorities in the African regional legal context (either as legal or natural person).
After two experiences within the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (Office of the Prosecutor) and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (Trial Chamber), Philippe was granted a scholarship by CEDEJ and is now carrying Ph.D research in Sudan. He is also a contributor to the Andromaque-Sudan Project (ANR – CJB) related to The Anthropology of Law in African and Asian Muslim Worlds: The Sudan.
Bashir EL SHARIFF HAMED MAKKEN:
-title/affiliation: PHD candidate from Khartoum University
Bashir El Shariff Hamed Makkenn is PHD candidate in political science university of Khartoum where he hold his MSC Degree in International Relations. His research focusing on religious groups in international relations. His current PHD project about religious groups crossing the borders in middle East such like Hijb Alla Un Bebnam an Sisiniraf an Sayra an Hothesim Y’amam. He was working in Omdurman university department of political science where he graduated. His current working project about dynamics of political Islam movement
Matthew BENSON :
-title/affiliation: PhD candidate in Durham University’s Department of History
Matthew Benson is a PhD candidate in Durham University’s Department of History and has joined CEDEJ-Khartoum as a new Associate. His research combines descriptive statistics with an analysis of archival sources to examine how people have experienced, and shaped, public authority in South Sudan & Sudan by complying or contesting taxes in the country.
This research builds on Matthew’s experience examining the links between tax and state-building in post-CPA South Sudan, and the political economy of tax reforms in post-conflict countries more broadly, with the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex. It is also informed by field postings in South Sudan with Crown Agents and Sudan with Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). Matthew has also conducted field research in Uganda and undertaken research assignments with the Overseas Development Institute, the World Bank, the UN Refugee Agency and Oxfam America.
Matthew is currently researching relevant files in the National Records Office and will also be giving a presentation on his research at the University of Khartoum on 15 June 2017 (location TBA)
Lucie REVILLA :
-title/affiliation: PhD candidate student in Political Sociology affiliated to Sciences Po Bordeaux
She adopts a comparative perspective (Khartoum-Lagos), focusing on the following topics: the construction of social authority in popular areas, the role of grassroot organizations (“traditional” and governmental) in urban local governments through their policing practices and their effects in terms of production of order and everyday justice at the scale of the neighborhood. From a bottom-up approach, she studies how popular areas are governed and how social behaviors are normed in two major African metropolises, raising some issues such as: Which diversity of actors is revealed? How these areas are ordered and how the social relationships are shaped by the inhabitants in relation to the state? What does power relationships tell us about the urban local authorities? She particularly compares the overlapping of local authorities between traditional rulers (baale and balogun in Lagos; ‘omda, nazir and shyukh in Khartoum) and local governmental organizations (Community Development Associations in Lagos, popular committees in Khartoum).