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Migration and Displacement In and From Darfur

Program Title: Migration and Displacement in and from Darfur: Conflict, livelihoods and food insecurity. A research project to examine migration trends and inform policy”

Partners: SOAS, ODI, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies – University of Khartoum, CEDEJ Khartoum, Oxfam Sudan

Project sponsored by: SOAS/EU Trust Fund REF; the Dutch Embassy in Khartoum

Summary

The proposed research aims to examine trends, processes and drivers of migration and displacement in and from Darfur, with a particular focus on migration flows during its protracted conflict.  The research will provide insights into current mobility patterns, explore the reasons for migration and displacement, how it builds on past migration patterns, and the decision-making processes of actual and potential migrants and refugees. The findings will lead to better understanding of the recent changes in migration flows, in particular towards Europe, and of the effect of current interventions targeting migrants.  The study also aims to identify appropriate responses to reduce levels of irregular or unsafe migration or create opportunities to stay safely at home.  This proposal provides the justification for doing the research, the proposed research questions, methods, timeframe and budget.  It also provides background information on the nature and types of migration in Darfur.

In 2015 and 2016, Sudanese formed the fifth and sixth largest categories of migrants coming into Italy respectively, representing between 6.5-7% of migrants, or an estimated 10,600 in 2015 and 8,600 in 2016 by September (UNHCR, 2016a and b). Refugee sites in Europe report a large proportion of Sudanese, for example a survey in the Calais camp in France in July 2016 found that out of 7,037 refugees, 32% were Sudanese (Refugee Rights Data Project, 2016).

However, beyond these aggregate figures little is known about the trends and causes of migration in and from Sudan, and specifically Darfur in terms of changing patterns, destinations, reasons, processes of migration, or who is leaving.  Migration is rarely covered in aid agency assessments.

  • To explore current trends, drivers and constraints in migration in and from Darfur, particularly into Europe.
  • To inform policy and programming responses, in Europe and in Sudan, and to advise on appropriate interventions and the likely effect of current interventions targeting potential and actual migrants and refugees.

Geographical scope and purposive sampling

Within Sudan the geographical focus of the research will be Khartoum and Darfur, most likely North Darfur State and Central and/or West Darfur States, where different patterns of migration have traditionally been an important part of livelihoods, and which are known to be the geographic point of origin for migrant flows to Europe.   In Europe, the geographic focus will be Italy, France and the UK, where Sudanese migrants are known to have congregated, or to pass through.

Within the respective Darfur states selected for the study, a purposive sampling frame of different population groups will be constructed, that takes account of traditional and recent migration patterns, different livelihood and ethnic groups, and different experiences of the conflict in Darfur, according to the following draft criteria:

  • groups with a long history and tradition of migration as part of their livelihood strategy, for example the Zaghawa from north-west Darfur, or the Fur from Jebel Si and Kebkabiya in west-central Darfur.
  • groups from which it is known that some have migrated to Europe, and that have experienced violent conflict and displacement, for example in camps for the displaced such as Abou Shook or Zamzam camps near El Fasher town.
  • groups in selected state capitals within Darfur, for example El Fasher or Geneina, from where it is known that migrants have left[1]
  • if possible, groups in opposition-controlled areas (for example in Central Darfur state) from where it is known that migrants have left, as well as in government-controlled areas
  • if feasible, groups living in areas where EU funded projects have been/are being implemented

Final report to be issued first semester of 2018.

Team

Coordinators: Susanne Jaspars, Research Associate, SOAS, London; Margie Buchanan-Smith, Senior Research Associate, HPG/ODI.

 

[1] There will be overlap between groups 1-3.  Some of those with a long history of migration will have been displaced, including both the Zaghawa and Fur.  Those with a long history of migration will also present in state capitals.

Observatoire Afrique de l’Est

Program Title: « Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est » / « Observatory of Eastern Africa »

Partners

Coordinated by CEDEJ Khartoum and the Center for International Studies (CERI) of Sciences Po Paris

French Institute for international relations, http://www.ifri.org

Les Afriques dans le Monde, Sciences Po Bordeaux, http://lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr

French Center of Ethiopian Studies, Addis-Ababa, http://cfee.hypotheses.org

French Research Institute, Nairobi, http://ifra-nairobi.net

CEDEJ Cairo, http://cedej-eg.org

 

Summary

This Observatoire (2017-2020) is a research program coordinated by CEDEJ Khartoum and the Center for International Research at Sciences Po Paris. Reports are available online on CERI-Sciences Po website (http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est).

The Observatory issues regular reports related to current political issues in the Eastern Africa region, and the relation between it and the broader world: political violence, elections, external actors (Gulf, Asian, US, or European countries), development projects, human movements like migrations. The aim of this program is to enlighten current events from an academic perspective based on strong empirical research – often challenged by the difficult access to field work. The Observatory holds an international conference every year in Paris (October).

Team

Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum) & Roland Marchal (CERI Sciences Po)

Forthcoming Reports

Post-US Sanction Sudan, by Atta El-Battahani

The United Arab Emirates in the Horn of Africa, by Roland Marchal

Riding the crest of the wave? The 2017 election in Kenya’s democratisation process, by Kamau Waiwuri

Lastest Reports (http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est).

Dynamiques des mobilisations en Ethiopie depuis les élections de 2015, Note d’analyse, par Jeanne Aisserge, Août 2015

Kenya 2017: The Interim Elections?, Note d’Actualité, par Justin Willis, Nic Cheeseman, Gabrielle Lynch, July 2017

Le Soudan, un pays de destination ? Le cas des Syriens arrivés après 2011 à Khartoum, Note d’actualité, par Alice Koumurian, July 2017

Ethiopie: les forces de défense nationale à la manœuvre, Note d’actualité, par Patrick Ferras, juin 2017

Une Election somalienne, Note d’analyse, par Roland Marchal, April 2017

 

Résumé

L’Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est (2017-2020) est un programme de recherche coordonné par le CEDEJ Khartoum (MAEDI-CNRS USR 3123) et le Centre de Recherches internationales (CERI) de Sciences Po Paris. Il se situe dans la continuité de l’Observatoire de la Corne de l’Afrique qu’il remplace et dont il élargit le champ d’étude.

Les notes produites par l’Observatoire sont disponibles en ligne sur le site du CERI Sciences Po (http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est) – les notes antérieures (2013-2016) sont quant à elles disponibles sur le site du laboratoire Les Afriques dans le Monde : http://www.lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr/programme-recherche/observatoire-pluriannuel-des-enjeux-politiques-et-securitaires-dans-la-corne-de.

L’Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est a vocation à produire des Notes d’analyse et d’actualité autour des thématiques qui travaillent la région et ses relations au monde, tels que les dynamiques religieuses contemporaines, les violences politiques, les grands projets de développement, ou encore les circulations humaines. Il entend d’une part mettre en perspective historique l’actualité politique et d’autre part les alimenter d’études empiriques parfois négligées ou souvent difficilement accessibles.

Ce programme de recherche bénéficie du soutien de la Direction Générale des Relations Internationales et de la Stratégie (ministère de la Défense français). Il s’appuie par ailleurs sur un large réseau de partenaires à l’étranger, notamment les Institut français de recherche à l’étranger (le CFEE d’Addis-Abeba, l’IFRA Nairobi, le CEDEJ du Caire) et en France (l’Institut français des relations internationales, le CSBA, LAM-Sciences Po Bordeaux).

Vous trouverez sur cette page les Notes réalisées par les chercheur.e.s partenaires, les programmes et les vidéos des séminaires annuels (octobre 2017-2018-2019). Notez que le prochain séminaire annuel de l’Observatoire se tiendra au CERI le 19 octobre 2017.

Mots-clefs : Afrique de l’Est, Corne de l’Afrique, élections, violence, développement, terrorisme, islamisme, Djibouti, Egypte, Kenya, Erythrée, Ethiopie, Somalie, Somaliland, Soudan, Soudan du Sud

Team

Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum) & Roland Marchal (CERI Sciences Po)

 

Seminar – by Prof. Atta El-Battahani: « Post-US Sanction Sudan: Which Way? »

Since National Islamic Front (NIF) ascendancy to power in 1989, radical Islamists known since then as Inqaz regime, managed to stave off both internal and external threats to power, demonstrating a recombinant capacity in Hydamann’s term. With Sudan losing its oil revenue in 2011with secession of South Sudan, the government made a lot of fuss about negative impact of US imposed sanction on its dependent economy that became even more vulnerable to outside volatile economic and financial changes. 

In January 2017 and before leaving office President Barak Obama eased some economic sanctions imposed on the country since 1990s and in October 2017 President Donald Trump finally lifted economic sanctions imposed on Sudan. How would competing power circles appropriate lifting of sanctions, capture expected rents and spoils and effect re-alignment of forces? What is the likely impact of lifting of economic scenarios on regime survival or reform?

This paper argues that post-sanctions represent a challenge for NCP/NIF ‘dominant’ fraction of Northern Arab-Muslism bourgeoise leaving the door open for ‘reformist’ elements to ponder for how long they would bear the cost of supporting al-Bashir autocracy who is backed by rentier, crony capitalists. While external actors haunted by security vacuum are likely to attempt mediate and encourage peaceful rather than violent change, one lesson learned from past experience is that external pressures never deliver credible regime change by themselves, meaningful regime change must be embedded in and led by internal democratic forces. As things stand now, the likelihood of such eventuality is rather remote.    

Atta El-Battahani is a Professor in Political Science, Political Economy; educated at Khartoum University (Sudan) and Sussex University (Britain). Earlier, he served as Head Department of Political Science, Faculty of Economics, University of Khartoum; as Manager and Senior Advisor for International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) in Sudan.

He has extensive research experience and has published on Development Impact of Ethnic and Religious Conflicts in African Societies; Governance and state institutional reform in Africa and the Middle East; conflict and Cooperation in the Nile Valley; Gender Politics; Peripheral Capitalism and Political Islam;  Elections and Political Transitions, and Democracy Deficit in the Arab World.

El-Battahani is Editor-in-Chief of Sudan Journal of Economic and Social Studies.

CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest « famous » building is an hospital : mustachfa « Jaber Abu el 3eez », mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a « CEDEJ » sign on the balcony).

Call for paper/Appel à contribution « Djibouti dans le monde du 21e siècle »

Appel à contribution  en vue de la publication d’un ouvrage sur Djibouti. Il portera le titre « Djibouti dans le monde du 21e siècle. Une Terre d’accueil, un Territoire de transit, un Etat en transition ». Il sera coordonné par Aden Omar Abdillahi (Institut des Etudes Politiques et Stratégiques du Centre d’Etude et de Recherche de Djibouti, CERD) et Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum).

Appel à contribution-ouvrage sur Djibouti

Sudan Archive Visiting Library Fellowship, Durham University, 2018

This residential fellowship (Apr-June 2018) carries a small grant, accommodation and meals, and is a valuable research opportunity for doctoral students studying in Sudan, South Sudan, or the wider East Africa region, and whose research would be significantly supported by two months Sudan University at Durham University. More details are provided in the notice.

 

Sudan Archive Visiting Library Fellowship

Applications are welcomed from doctoral students studying Sudan, South Sudan, or the wider East Africa region, whose research would be significantly supported by two months’ study of materials held in the Sudan Archive at Durham University. The Fellowship will commence in April 2018.

The Sudan Archive was founded in 1957, the year after Sudanese independence, to collect and preserve the papers of administrators from the Sudan Political Service, missionaries, sol diers, business men, doctors, agriculturalists, teachers and others who had served or lived in the Sudan (now Sudan and South Sudan) during the Anglo Egyptian Condominium (1898 – 1955). There is also a significant amount of Mahdist material , papers relating to the military campaigns of the 1880s and 1890s, and also the post – independence period up to the present day. The Archive holds substantial numbers of papers relating to Egypt and African states bordering on Sudan and South Sudan. Most of the material is in English, with a small amount in Arabic. A summary of the collection is available online at https://www.dur.ac.uk/library/asc/sudan .

The Fellowship entitles the holder to full access to departmental and other University facilities such as Computing and Information Services, the University Library, and of course the Sudan Archive. The Fellowship carries a modest grant of £300, but also includes accommodation and all meals for the duration of the Fellowship. The Fellow will reside at Grey College during the Easter term 23 April-22 June 2018. The Fellow will also be encouraged to participate with the activities of the university’s Centre for Contemporary African History https://centreforcontemporaryafricanhistory.com.

Applicants should send a CV (of no more than 2 pages) and a two to three-page outline of their proposed research. Applicants should also arrange at the same time for their academic supervisor to send (directly) an academic reference supporting their application. These submissions should preferably be made by e-mail, and must arrive by 17:00 GMT Friday 1 December 2017.

The Gordon Memorial College Trust Fund will cover the international travel costs of successful applicants who are citizens of Sudan/South Sudan and who are resident in Sudan, South Sudan or a neighbouring country.

pg.library@durham.ac.uk

Sudan Archive Visiting Library Fellowship, Palace Green Library, Palace Green, Durham, DH1 3RN, United Kingdom

« Le Soudan, pays de destination? Le cas des Syriens arrivés après 2011 à Khartoum »

CEDEJ Khartoum and Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est are our pleasure to share with you the latest report of the Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est, written by Alice Koumurian: « Le Soudan, pays de destination? Le cas des Syriens arrivés après 2011 à Khartoum », Note d’actualité n°3.

Arrivée d’un stagiaire

Le CEDEJ Khartoum est heureux  de vous annoncer l’arrivée de Vladimir Cayol. Il sera présent au CEDEJ jusqu’au 31 mars 2018. Il travaillera sur la mise en oeuvre du processus de Khartoum. Il tachera dans le cadre d’une publication à venir de comprendre comment ce programme se met en place à l’échelle locale et comment se coordonnent les différents acteurs chargés de le mettre en oeuvre.

Maison des Jeunes et de la Culture de Martigues : Routes et déroutes

Le CEDEJ a le plaisir de vous adresser le dossier de presse ainsi que le programme de la manifestation sur le Soudan qui a lieu à la Maison des Jeunes et de la Culture de Martigues du 9 au 25 novembre. Ce programme croise poésie, musique, conférence et cinéma. Il a été construit par la Maison des Jeunes de Martigues et par  les demandeurs d’asile soudanais installés dans les foyers de la ville.

DP Routes et déroutes SOUDAN.compressed

Programme Routes et déroutes Soudan web.output

Aide à la mobilité. Bourse de la Fondation Maison des sciences de l’homme (FMSH) du Centre Français d’Archéologie et de Sciences Sociales (CEFAS)

Atlas 2018 : France > Péninsule Arabique
Appel à candidature

publié le 11 octobre

Atlas 2018 : France > Péninsule Arabique Appel à candidature

Date limite de candidature : 15 décembre 2017

La Fondation Maison des sciences de l’homme (FMSH) et le Centre Français d’Archéologie et de Sciences Sociales (CEFAS) proposent à des postdoctorants ou à de jeunes chercheurs résidant en France, une aide à la mobilité pour réaliser un séjour de recherche de 2 ou 3 mois dans la Péninsule Arabique (à l’exception du Yémen).
Seront soutenus des projets de recherche qui s’inscrivent dans la politique scientifique du CEFAS, en synergie avec ses chercheurs ou ses partenaires dans la Péninsule Arabique. Les projets interdisciplinaires sont bienvenus.
Cet appel s’inscrit dans le cadre du Programme Atlas de mobilité postdoctorale de courte durée lancé par la FMSH et ses partenaires.

Colloque de l’Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est du 19 octobre 2017 : AFRIQUE DE L’EST : SURPRENANTES ÉLECTIONS DANS UN ENVIRONNEMENT TROUBLÉ

Le CEDEJ -Khartoum est heureux de vous annoncer que la journée d’étude « AFRIQUE DE L’EST : SURPRENANTES
ÉLECTIONS DANS UN ENVIRONNEMENT
TROUBLÉ » organisée par l’Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est se tiendra le 19 octobre au CERI (56 rue Jacob, 75006 Paris) le 19 octobre 2017

Colloque Observatoire Afrique Est 19 octobre 2017

Postdoctoral Research Fellow to conduct comparative research on forced migration within and from the global South

The GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies / Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien is an independent social-science research institute based in Hamburg. It analyses political, social and economic developments in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East, and links this knowledge to questions of global significance. It combines region-specific analysis with innovative comparative research on accountability and participation, growth and development, peace and security, and power and ideas. The GIGA seeks to appoint a Postdoctoral Research Fellow to conduct comparative research on forced migration within and from the global South, preferably with a special focus on the Middle East.
Applications are invited for a full-time position starting as soon as possible, with an initial contract of three years and an option for additional three years, subject to a successful evaluation. The position is designed for further professional qualification as defined in § 2 WissZeitVG (Academic Fixed-Term Contract Act). The salary is commensurate with TV-AVH / TVöD EG 13.

POST-DOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP – « TOWARDS A DECENTRED HISTORY OF THE MIDDLE EAST: TRANSBORDER SPACES, CIRCULATIONS, ‘FRONTIER EFFECTS’ AND STATE FORMATION, 1920-1946 » ERC PROJECT

Post-doctoral fellowship ERC at 100% in contemporary history for 3 years

The Faculty of Arts and Humanities at the University of Neuchâtel is recruiting a post-doctoral fellow for the project « Towards a decentred history of the Middle East: Transborder spaces, circulations, ‘frontier effects’ and state formation, 1920-1946 » (BORDER) funded by the European Research Council, under the direction of Professor Jordi Tejel.

Continuer la lecture de POST-DOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP – « TOWARDS A DECENTRED HISTORY OF THE MIDDLE EAST: TRANSBORDER SPACES, CIRCULATIONS, ‘FRONTIER EFFECTS’ AND STATE FORMATION, 1920-1946 » ERC PROJECT

Doctoral fellowship – « Towards a decentred history of the Middle East: Transborder spaces, circulations, ‘frontier effects’ and state formation, 1920-1946 » ERC project

A doctoral fellowship ERC at 70% in contemporary history for 4 years

The Faculty of Arts and Humanities at the University of Neuchâtel is recruiting a doctoral student for the project « Towards a decentred history of the Middle East: Transborder spaces, circulations, ‘frontier effects’ and state formation, 1920-1946 » (BORDER) funded by the European Research Council, under the direction of Professor Jordi Tejel.

Continuer la lecture de Doctoral fellowship – « Towards a decentred history of the Middle East: Transborder spaces, circulations, ‘frontier effects’ and state formation, 1920-1946 » ERC project