Archives de catégorie : Calls for papers

Environmental Knowledge and Nature(s) in Africa: Collecting, Producing and Analysing Research Materials

Call for papers for Sources: An Interdisciplinary journal on materials and their uses in African Studies.

Sources grew out of the observation that academic journals tend to encourage theoretical and epistemological advances at the expense of the field materials under analysis. This journal’s mission is twofold: first, to resituate at the core of the articles the materials upon which researchers produce their reflections, while providing direct access to these materials; and second, to present analyses focusing on the contexts surrounding the production of these materials and their uses. This return to sources deriving from field work will take place in conjunction with topical thematics in African and Africana studies in the social sciences and humanities and will promote interdisciplinary dialogue. Sources thus aspires to restore full visibility to iteration for producing theoretical insights, that is, the movement back and forth between a research problem and the field, between interpretation and data.
More information on this journal down below.

This issue of the journal Sources, forthcoming in 2021, would like to place at the center of reflection those objects that have become research materials and have participated and, for some, still participate in the production, transmission and discussion of naturalistic and environmental knowledge in Africa and about Africa.

More information on this call for papers down below (English and French).

Towards a New Social History of Sudan – Conference Call for Paper (English-French)

http://imaf.cnrs.fr/IMG/pdf/conference_presentation_18.9_jnb.pdf

Location: IMAF/Paris 1, Paris Pantheon SorbonneOrganised by: IMAF/CEDEJ Khartoum/Paris 1/CNRS Date: 10-11-12 December 2019

Presentation

The historiography of modern and contemporary Sudan has been shaped by its political history. Indeed, historians have often been called upon to respond to contemporary crises – civil wars, regime changes, international conflicts – often according to criteria of urgency, at the risk of falling into a certain presentism. In this context, social history, which often requires a slower and punctilious form of research, which does not produce ready-made solutions to the multiple crises in the country, and which put at the centre stage the lives of “ordinary people” (Bayat 2013), has struggled to assert itself on the academic scene. An obvious example of this pattern is the scarcity of academic works on the history of Sudanese women, with the exception of the controversial issue of female genital mutilation. In spite of some recent publications (Brown 2017), in-depth research on themes such as women and arts, the history of women as a changing labour force, the history of the family and its margins, and so on, is still waiting to be carried out by historians.

This conference, which is also a research program, aims to put “ordinary people”, women and men, back at the center of Sudan’s modern and contemporary history. From the outset, we wish to emphasize that the term “ordinary people” should neither hide nor flatten the teeming complexity of Sudanese society – used heuristically in the context of social history, it refers to individuals, groups, and social classes whose history is seldom visible or investigated, and who cannot be assimilated to the elites who dominate the country’s political and economic life. We also wish to consider all the dimensions related to the history of “exceptionally normal” people (according to the famous catchwords by one of the main advocates of micro-history, Eduardo Grendi 1977): their daily lives, beliefs, horizons and desires, their interconnections and circulations, while never forgetting the diversity of the various actors, be it related to their social class or their origin. Micro-history is not restricted to European history, and has inspired many studies in both Middle Eastern and African history (for instance in South African historiography). It has also several elements of affinity with non-Europeans historiographic trends such as the Subaltern Studies. In spite of their acknowledged differences, we believe that the crossing of such approaches can lead to new insights into the history of grassroots actors. Finally, social history has traditionally relied on a heterogeneity of disciplines. Thus, we wish that this conference may be enriched by the inputs of sister disciplines such as historical sociology, anthropology, gender studies, micro-history of economics, demography, and so on.

Taking the social history of “ordinary people”, including those of the marginalized peripheries, as a starting point for historical research opens up new perspectives, not only on the political history of the country, but also on the changes, breaks and crises that the country has gone through. This

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includes the understanding of great popular revolutionary episodes that have been pivotal for its history, such as the one that has been taking place since December 2018 and brought the end of Omar al-Bashir’s regime (1989-2019).

The historiographical gap we have just described, however, does not mean the absence of historians’ interest for social history. The problem is rather the scarcity of opportunities to induce synergies among them, to meet and debate with each-other approaches and methodological differences, and to discuss about future developments. One of the main objectives of this conference is thus to give historians of Sudanese society a venue to meet and discuss. This will, hopefully, give more visibility and impact to social history in all its variations.

The conference will take place in Paris, at the University of Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne, on the 10,11, and 12 December 2019. Each day will be introduced by a keynote speaker. Contributions on the following themes, from the perspective of social history, are particularly welcome :

  • –  women’s history (possible themes: history of women’s work, the history of women and arts, the history of the family and its margins).

  • –  labour history (such as: the history of trade unions, the history of the changing working conditions, left-wing cultures).

  • –  the history of mobilizations (grassroots mobilizations, the history of how ordinary people experience politics, the gendering of politics, etc.).

  • –  Historiography and the construction of historical knowledge.

  • –  Intellectual history “from below”.

    Scholarships will be available to cover the travel costs for two or three Master or PhD students traveling from Sudan. Students from Sudan should contact us well in advance for settling all issues related to visa.

    Abstracts of no more than 500 words should be sent by 15 October 2019. The document should also include: title, author’s name, telephone number, email address, affiliation, and of course abstract.

    Because we aim to publish the papers of the contributors to the conference, we strongly encourage participants to submit a full draft (5,000-8,000 words) by 30 November 2019, so that they may be circulated among the contributors and given a feedback.

    Contact info (NB: if you write to one of us, please put the others in CC) Elena Vezzadini, elena.vezzadini@univ-paris1.fr
    Anael Poussier, poussier.anael@gmail.com
    Jean-Nicolas Bach: jeannicolas.bach@cedejkhartoum.com

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Pour une nouvelle histoire sociale du Soudan

Lieu : IMAF/Paris 1, Paris Panthéon Sorbonne
Rattachements institutionnels : IMAF/CNRS/Paris 1/CEDEJ KhartoumDate : 10-11-12 décembre 2019

Argumentaire

L’historiographie du Soudan moderne et contemporain est fortement marquée par l’histoire politique de ce pays. En effet, les historien.e.s ont souvent été appelé.e.s à répondre aux crises contemporaines – guerres civiles, changements de régime, conflits internationaux – souvent selon des critères d’urgence, au risque de verser dans un certain présentisme. Dans ce contexte, l’histoire sociale, qui demande souvent une forme de recherche plus lente et pointilleuse, qui ne dégage pas de solutions toutes faites aux crises multiples du pays, et qui s’intéresse aux vies des « gens ordinaires » (Bayat 2013), a eu du mal à s’imposer dans la recherche universitaire sur le Soudan. Un exemple évident est la pauvreté de travaux sur l’histoire des femmes, à l’exception du thème très controversé de l’excision. Malgré quelques études récentes (Brown 2017), des recherches pointues sur des thèmes comme les femmes dans les arts, l’histoire des femmes dans le monde du travail, l’histoire de la famille et de ses marges, doivent encore être écrites.

Cette conférence, qui est également un programme de recherche, souhaite remettre au centre de l’histoire moderne et contemporaine du Soudan les « gens ordinaires ». D’emblée, nous soulignons que le terme ne veut ni masquer ni aplatir la foisonnante complexité de la société soudanaise ; utilisé de manière heuristique dans le contexte de l’histoire sociale, il désigne les individus, groupes, et classes sociales qui se situent en dehors des élites politiques ou économiques au centre de la vie politique du pays, et dont l’histoire est peu visible et peu ‘vue’. Nous souhaitons également nous intéresser à tous les thèmes liés à l’histoire des gens « exceptionnellement normaux » (Grendi 1977) : le quotidien, les croyances, les horizons et désirs, dans toute leur diversité selon classe sociale et origine, mais aussi dans tous leurs liens et circulations. Même si la microhistoire a surtout marqué l’historiographie européenne, elle a inspiré aussi des nombreuses études en histoire du Moyen Orient et de l’Afrique (voir l’historiographie de l’Afrique du Sud). Elle a aussi des affinités avec des historiographies non-européennes comme les Études subalternes (malgré leurs différences reconnues). Nous croyons que le croisement de ces approches ne peut que mener à une meilleure connaissance des acteurs et actrices « ordinaires ». Enfin, l’histoire sociale s’est traditionnellement servie d’une hétérogénéité de champs de savoir. Ainsi nous souhaiterions que cette conférence soit irriguée par une famille de disciplines sœurs : la sociologie historique, l’anthropologie, les études de genre, la micro-histoire de l’économie, la démographie, etc.

Partir de l’histoire sociale des « gens ordinaires » ouvre de nouvelles perspectives non seulement sur l’histoire politique du pays, mais aussi sur les changements, ruptures et crises que le pays a traversées. Cela inclut les grands épisodes révolutionnaires qui ont marqué son histoire, comme

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celui qui est en train d’avoir lieu depuis décembre 2018 et qui a amené la fin du régime d’Omar al- Bashir (1989-2019).

La pénurie historiographique que nous avons décrit, cependant, ne signifie pas l’absence d’historien.ne.s interessée.e.s à ces questions. Le problème est plutôt un manque de visibilité et d’opportunités pour créer des synergies entre nous, de se rencontrer et débattre des différentes approches, méthodologies, et développements possibles. L’un des objectifs principaux de cette conférence, donc, est de créer cet espace d’échange entre les historien.ne.s du Soudan, mais aussi entre chercheurs d’autres disciplines qui adoptent une approche d’histoire sociale. Nous espérons que cela donnera plus de visibilité et d’impact à l’histoire sociale dans toutes ses variations.

La conférence aura lieu à Paris, à l’Université de Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, le 10-11-12 décembre 2019. Chaque jour sera introduit par un.e orateur.e principal.e. Des recherches sur les thèmes suivants, dans une perspective d’histoire sociale, seront privilégiés :

  • –  Histoire des femmes (thèmes possibles : une historie du travail féminin, les femmes et les arts, l’histoire de la famille et de ses marges).

  • –  Histoire du travail (l’histoire des syndicats, l’histoire des conditions du travail, les cultures de gauche).

  • –  Histoire des mobilisations (mobilisations populaires, l’expérience de la politique des « gens ordinaires », politique et genre).

  • –  L’historiographie et la construction de la connaissance historique.

  • –  Histoire intellectuelle « par le bas ».

    Des fonds sont mis à dispositions pour 2 à 3 étudiant.e.s soudanais.e.s en master ou thèse pour couvrir les frais de déplacement. Les citoyens.e.s soudanais.e.s n’ayant pas de visa doivent contacter rapidement les organisateurs afin d’anticiper au mieux les formalités liées avec l’obtention du visa.

    Le résumé (env. 500 mots) devra être envoyé avant le 15 octobre 2019 et inclure : Nom et prénom, numéro de téléphone, email, affiliation.

    Une première version des contributions devra obligatoirement être envoyée avant le 30 novembre 2019.

    Information de contact (NB : si vous écrivez à l’un.e, mettez les autres en copie, merci) :

    Elena Vezzadini, elena.vezzadini@univ-paris1.fr
    Anael Poussier, poussier.anael@gmail.com
    Jean-Nicolas Bach: jeannicolas.bach@cedejkhartoum.com

Call for papers “Inequality and social cohesion” – 13th International conference of the AFD, Paris

The Agence Française de Développement’s Research Department is organizing a high-level conference every two years. The aim of the conference is to bring together leading academics and policy-makers to discuss key issues in development economics. Over the last years, the AFD’s International Conference has brought up to debate crucial topics such as “Evaluation and its discontents” in 2012, “Energy for Development” in 2014 and “Commons and Development” in 2016.

The next edition of the conference will be held on December 6th and 7th 2018 in Paris and will be focused on inequality, social cohesion and development.

For AFD, fighting inequalities is a mean to improve the society in which we want to live in. In our view, research and actions to fight inequalities are in a constant development that needs a further understanding and must be taken into consideration by all the actors in the society. The AFD has been engaged for some years now to understand the stakes of inequality in order to better address this challenge. The conference’s objective is therefore to contribute to the growing knowledge on inequality, by bringing together practices and research carried out at a global scale.

The 6th of December will be dedicated to a scientific day for which we welcome papers investigating the issue of inequality and social cohesion in developing and emerging countries. Key topics include:

  • Fiscal redistribution
  • Sustainability
  • The link between social inclusion, social cohesion and economic inequality

A selection of the papers will be published in a special issue of the Journal of Income Distribution.

The 7th of December will the dedicated to plenary sessions for which some of the confirmed invited speakers include:

▪ Gaël Giraud (AFD)

▪ Janet Gornick (CUNY-LIS Stone Center)

▪ François Bourguignon (PSE)

▪ James Galbraith (University of Texas)

▪ Murray Leibbrand (University of Cape Town)

▪ Branko Milanovic (CUNY-LIS Stone Center)

▪ Frances Stewart (University of Oxford)

▪ Alice Evans (King’s College)

Submission guidelines and timetable:

For the academic day, we are launching a call for papers (detailed information in the attached document). The deadline for application is August 20th, 23:59, Central European Time (UTC+01:00). Papers must be sent to conference_inequality2018@afd.fr , with the subject “Application – Call for Papers”, imperatively.

Please note that we will only be accepting COMPLETED papers in English or French, with a short abstract of 150 words. The presentation of the selected papers will be exclusively in English.

Decisions will be communicated by October 5th, 2018.

Travel and accommodation will be covered for a very limited number of participants originating from South countries and affiliated to South institutions. These participants will be selected based on the quality of their papers (best scores from the scientific committee) and will be contacted by email by October 5th. For those concerned, please attach the three following documents: a small letter explaining why you fit in the criteria, a passport copy and a proof of affiliation to the South institution.

Appel à contribution “Monde arabe et diplomaties parallèles” – Colloque annuel du CCMO – Paris, Automne 2018

Ébranlé par les soulèvements populaires de 2011, le monde arabe a vécu une séquence appelée à le marquer, en tant que tel et dans son rapport au monde. Pourtant, après une (re)découverte des sociétés, de leurs dynamiques et des registres de mobilisations d’acteurs non- étatiques, nombre d’analyses sont rapidement retombées dans des logiques plus traditionnelles.

Tout d’abord, le monde arabe est présenté successivement comme un ensemble de territoires colonisés ; un enjeu de la Guerre froide ; ou encore le terrain d’expression d’intérêts exogènes – énergétiques, économiques, stratégiques voire religieux. Objet d’un « Grand jeu » aux effets multiples, le monde arabe peine à s’imposer comme acteur à part entière. À l’inverse, perçu comme producteur de conflits, de réfugiés, voire d’extrémisme, il doit être « stabilisé » afin de devenir plus prévisible.

En second lieu, la majorité des études concernent les relations interétatiques, sans entrer dans l’analyse de la fabrique décisionnelle à l’intérieur des administrations. L’attention est dès lors portée sur les intérêts nationaux, la construction de politiques étrangères rationnelles, et sur les interactions qui peuvent être observées dans des cadres bi- ou multilatéraux. Les appareils diplomatiques sont au centre de ces travaux.

Enfin, le monde arabe connaît un traitement par crises. Ces approches tendent à privilégier une vision statique des intérêts des acteurs en présence, éludant souvent les évolutions sur le long terme et les dynamiques.

Si toutes ces approches contiennent leur part de vérité, nous souhaitons les compléter. Aussi le colloque annuel du Cercle des Chercheurs sur le Moyen Orient a-t-il choisi de traiter des « diplomaties parallèles » mises en œuvre dans et avec le monde arabe. Fonction traditionnellement régalienne, la diplomatie est aujourd’hui exercée par de nouvelles catégories d’acteurs, via des canaux multiples et selon les formes variées. Si ces personnalités ou ces groupes ne sont pas forcément des professionnels du champ ni associés à un État, cela ne signifie pas qu’ils ne sachent développer une expertise à cet égard, ou qu’ils ne puissent être à l’origine d’initiatives stimulantes, voire de succès notoires.

Contributions

À titre indicatif, les contributions pourraient ainsi traiter des thèmes suivants :

  • Les biais induits par les approches traditionnelles dans l’analyse du monde arabe (prise en compte des seuls intérêts des régimes, impacts analytiques par exemple à travers des grilles de lecture globalisantes comme l’opposition sunnites-chiites…).
  • La prise en compte d’aires géographiques dont les interactions avec le monde arabe sont moins connues (par exemple les interactions entre pays dits non-alignés) ou plus récentes, en étudiant en particulier la manière dont des acteurs des pays émergents (Afrique, Asie…) construisent une diplomatie à l’égard des pays arabes. Les contributions sur les relations intra-régionales ou Sud-Sud permettront de sortir du cadre souvent dominant en relations internationales des rapports entre Orient et Occident.
  • Les catégories d’acteurs qui interfèrent avec les politiques des États : organisations internationales (ONU, Banque mondiale, HCR…), régionales (UE, Ligue arabe), les acteurs économiques (cf. affaire Lafarge en Syrie), les groupes de pression, les groupes d’amitié parlementaire, les municipalités, les initiatives populaires, mais aussi les dynamiques transnationales à travers les ONG, la société civile, les diasporas…
  • La « fabrique » d’un agenda politique par ces acteurs, et la manière dont celui-ci interagit avec d’autres, et en particulier avec les États (renforcement ou concurrence ?) : selon les cas, ils peuvent être en mesure d’influer, de conforter ou de renverser une situation.

L’ensemble de ces contributions, et la publication collective qui fera suite à ce colloque, permettront de consolider des thématiques de recherches pour l’heure embryonnaires.

Les propositions de contributions (3 000 signes maximum) doivent être assorties d’une courte bibliographie et d’un résumé de CV du ou des intervenants.

Elles peuvent être rédigées en français, anglais ou arabe.

Elles doivent être envoyées avant le 15 juillet 2018 à l’adresse : buroccmo@gmail.com

Plus d’information sur l’appel à communications via le lien ci-dessus.

Call for papers: Refugees and forced migration in the East and Horn of Africa: Current trends and future directions, 24-26 October, Kenya

Introduction

East and Horn of Africa not only experience conflicts and political instability but also chronic poverty and extreme climatic variability, all of which lead to different forms of mobility and human displacement. The region plays the dual role of producer and host to refugees and asylum seekers. Latest statistics released by UNHCR indicate that by the end of 2017, there were over 3.2 million refugees originating mainly from the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, and South Sudan. In addition, there are 5.76 million internally displaced persons within the countries of Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. Efforts to provide life-saving assistance, protection, and related humanitarian activities as well as to find durable solutions to this situation continue to be made through international and local interventions. Driving the current collective effort is the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF). Despite the joint efforts, these regions continue to experience significant forced migrants and refugee flows as evidenced in Djibouti, Somalia, South Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia. Forced displacement continues to exert strains on regional governments and resources, as well as in other continents such as Europe and America. The increased numbers of refugees and undocumented migrants arriving in Europe by boats despite the numerous deaths in the Mediterranean Sea is evidence enough to interrogate refugee protection and assistance as well as other forms of migration in and out of Africa. While intervention measures to mitigate and manage forced migration have been put in place, they however remain insufficient. This insufficiency in mitigation can be attributed to weak collaboration between knowledge production, policy formulation and practice in the region. The planned conference is therefore an effort to provide a convergence platform for reflections on forced displacement and related migrations in these two regions.
The horn and eastern regions of Africa are experiencing various developments in the dynamics of refugeehood and forced migration. While there is a wide range of institutional responses to refugees including protection, humanitarian assistance and search for durable solutions, there are also justifiable concerns on problems associated with forced migration. These are issues of internal displacement, human trafficking as well as mixed migration flows. This conference seeks to address several issues. First, enable a scholarly and policy interrogation of the relationship between forced displacement and other forms of migration (Mixed migration flows). Secondly, assess and analyse new knowledge and developments in migration policies and management in Africa. Third, discuss how these mixed migrations flows influence and are in turn influenced by the political economy of international migration. In discussing these broad dynamics, the conference aims to help in shaping future directions of the forced displacement discourse, interventions and policy in the Horn and East Africa . This is also important in identifying potential avenues for collaboration between policy makers, researchers, international institutions, practitioners and governments in their pursuit to address issues related to forced migration. This is done with the objective of broadening the discussion in order to come up with much longer-term and multifaceted approaches to addressing issues of forced migration.

Themes

The themes that will be addressed in the conference will include the following:
• The economics of forced displacement
•The effects of displacement on the displaced and host communities
• Legal regimes governing displacement
• Negotiating institutional responses to displacement
• Humanitarian space and spaces of protection
• What is a human being worth? Human trafficking today
•Protracted urban displacement: the minefield of needs and interests
• Security and displacement
• What next? The dynamics of evolving protection space
• Durable solutions to displacement
• South-South Vs South-North forced migration
• Local, National, Regional and Global perspectives on the rights of forced migrants
• Development Induced Displacement and Resettlement
• Refugee health and Psychosocial issues

Format

The conference will have two keynote addresses, presentation of papers and round-table discussions.

Submission, Review Process and Announcement of Acceptance

All papers will be subject to a review process. Papers submitted will be categorized into working papers and full papers.

Important Deadlines

July 10, 2018: Submission of Abstracts
July 20, 2018: Acceptance Notification
September 10, 2018: Submission of full papers

Contact Information

Michael Omondi Owiso, PhD,
School of Development and Strategic Studies
Maseno University–Kenya
P. O. Box Private Bag/Maseno
Kenya
Johannes Dragsbaek Schmidt
Associate Professor
Aalborg University

Call for paper/Appel à contribution “Djibouti dans le monde du 21e siècle”

Appel à contribution  en vue de la publication d’un ouvrage sur Djibouti. Il portera le titre “Djibouti dans le monde du 21e siècle. Une Terre d’accueil, un Territoire de transit, un Etat en transition”. Il sera coordonné par Aden Omar Abdillahi (Institut des Etudes Politiques et Stratégiques du Centre d’Etude et de Recherche de Djibouti, CERD) et Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum).

Appel à contribution-ouvrage sur Djibouti

Appel à contributions – PENSER LES RADICALISATIONS RELIGIEUSES (dossier Politique africaine)

« Penser les radicalisations religieuses en Afrique »

coordonné par Roland Marchal (CNRS, Ceri-Sciences-Po)

et Zekeria Ould Ahmed Salem (Université de Nouakchott)

Il n’allait nullement de soi de proposer un dossier à Politique africaine sur les radicalisations religieuses dans un contexte où le monde académique, les médias et les politiques publiques s’en sont déjà largement saisis. Pourtant, c’est justement cette profusion actuelle de discours et de recherches qui constitue le point de départ de ce dossier. Son questionnement porte sur la manière dont la notion de radicalisation, en l’occurrence en Afrique, est abordée dans le champ des sciences sociales.
Continuer la lecture de Appel à contributions – PENSER LES RADICALISATIONS RELIGIEUSES (dossier Politique africaine)

CALL FOR PAPERS ECAS7 – “Urban Africa – Urban Africans: New encounters of the rural and the urban”

ECAS7

The Centre for African Studies Basel and the Swiss Society for African Studies welcome you to the 7th European Conference on African Studies ECAS 2017 with the theme: Urban Africa – Urban Africans: New encounters of the rural and the urban, which they organise on behalf of the Research Network of African Studies Centres in Europe AEGIS.

The scholarly community in response to our call published in June 2016 submitted 347 panel proposals out of which the Scientific Committee with the support of the Programme Committee selected 223. The call for papers is now open and scholars in African Studies are invited to propose papers to the panel(s) of their choice. Please refer to the call for papers page.

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Call for papers – Insecurities in the Lake Chad basin. 17th Mega-Chad colloquium in Nice (France), on June 14-15-16th, 2017

Insecurities in the Lake Chad basin

17th Mega-Chad colloquium -In Nice (France), on June 14-15-16th, 2017

Ever since the crisis in Darfur, the Boko Haram insurrection and the conflagration in the Central African Republic, the Lake Chad basin has been a focus of media and government attention. Insecurities, the theme chosen for this 17th Mega-Chad
colloquium, has become a topic that can no longer be avoided. Beyond media attention, insecurities play a major part in structuring social organizations. They either block or force change at the level of individuals, their cultures, their organizations
and their productions. The tragic events that have played out in the region demonstrate the destructive potential of violence, and yet we should not forget that these events also stimulate adaptations, resilience and resistance that can lead to innovations and new ways of coping with such situations, and to new means of facing, circumventing or overcoming them.

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CALL FOR PAPERS – International conference “Borders and territorial reconfigurations in the Middle East and the Sahel”, Aswan – January 30th-31st, 2017

CALL FOR PAPERS

International conference: “Borders and territorial reconfigurations in the Middle East and the Sahel”

Aswan, January 30th-31st, 2017

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Poster for the South Sudan referendum in 2011

“This Middle East forged in the clash of arms and disdain of its peoples is now crumbling before our eyes. This historic disruption is not the result of the contestation of borders, though they are unfair, but the consequence oftheir fate being reclaimed by the peoples concerned”.

Jean Pierre Filiu, « Les Arabes, leur destin et le nôtre » (The Arabs: theirDestiny and Ours), p.23, La Découverte, Paris, 2015.

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CALL FOR CONTRIBUTION – The Sudan, five years after the independence of South Sudan: which reconfigurations, transformations, and evolutions in the “North”?

Call for contribution

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The Sudan, five years after the independence of South Sudan: which reconfigurations, transformations, and evolutions in the “North”?

South Sudan officially gained independence on the 9th July 2011. This was the outcome of the peace agreement signed in January 2005 and in accordance with the national referendum of January 2011. This historic event, which should have put an end on the historical conflict between the Northern and Southern regions and communities, constituted a real challenge in term of adaptation, resilience and innovation for the whole of the society.
In this unprecedented context of the birth of a new national territory, and the remodelling of existing spatial and political configurations, South Sudan has logically been at the centre of attention – whether this be from political actors, researchers or humanitarian donors. However, the North has been profoundly affected by this rupture as well.

Continuer la lecture de CALL FOR CONTRIBUTION – The Sudan, five years after the independence of South Sudan: which reconfigurations, transformations, and evolutions in the “North”?

Migration and exile in the Horn of Africa: State of knowledge and current debates – Khartoum, 16 – 18 November 2015

Call for Paper

CEDEJ (French Research Centre for Social Sciences) in Khartoum and CFEE (French Centre for Ethiopian Studies) in Addis Ababa invite interested participants to a scientific conference that will take place in Khartoum, 16-18 November, 2015.

Supported by the Institut français in Paris, the conference aims to create an overview of the current state of research on migrations in the Horn of Africa. It will focus on the recent fieldwork conducted in the migrants’ and exilees’ areas of origins, transit and destination.

Mobility is a major socio-political and economic dynamic in the history of this region. African and European researchers have, for a long time, been examining the different scales and dynamics of migratory flows. Empirical approaches will be emphasized during the conference in order to provide an overview of the existing social science research on migration within the Horn of Africa.

Increasing internal migration combined with a growing number of displaced people in the sub-region (especially Somalia, Ethiopia, and Sudan) have caught the media attention, as the number of deathly shipwrecks in the Mediterranean sea involving migrants from the Horn region has skyrocketed in the recent years, particularly since the beginning of 2015.

This trend calls for a more attentive analysis of the various types of mobility and of the diverse impacts of such migrations. Such approach brings to examine how the diverse ramifications of migration are restructuring political and socio-economic relations at regional as well as national levels. The link between pastoralism and internal migrations is of great significance in this respect. More broadly, migration needs to be linked with regional developmental and economic disparities, transformations in livelihoods, and urbanization in a context of political, economic as well as environmental instability.

Local levels of internal mobility (whether “voluntary” or “forced”) cannot be isolated from trans-border dynamics. The explorations of migratory flows, including those of refugees and displaced persons across borders in the region (Somalia-Kenya, Eritrea-Ethiopia, South Sudan-Uganda, Sudan-Chad, Egypt-Soudan, etc.) as well as across the Red Sea, have demonstrated that refugee and migrant trajectories constitute a series of stages and routes of goings and comings, including commuter trajectories. Seasonal migrations and forced displacements caused by violence, conflicts and drought stand side by side with regional migrations towards countries which are perceived as being safer and better equipped to offer opportunities for a new life, or at least for survival.

These cross-border local migrations are linked to broader migration processes, which are a part of international mobility within a particularly unstable and challenging context. These aforementioned elements are due to protracted and contemporary conflicts. They are also embedded in authoritarian political systems, and affected by the policies deployed by international organizations in order to alleviate the lack of state regulations where states are supposed to be too fragile.

The Horn of Africa constitutes a frontier-region from more than one vantage point since it encompasses several heterogeneous migratory flows:

 – Intra-regional migrations primarily linked with conflicts but also with economic and climatic catastrophes;

– Migrations to the oil-producing Gulf countries,

– Migrations to European countries and Israel, via Egypt or Libya.

Evidently, it is the migratory flow to European countries that is of special focus to the European Union as well as the major international organizations. While the international aid resources diminish and the immigration and asylum policies in European countries become more and more hostile towards those migrants arriving from the Horn of Africa, it seems pertinent to reevaluate the conditions that favour migrations in/from the region.

Funding policy related to humanitarian aid and development projects in the region is to be scrutinized, as well as the contribution of the diasporas (like the Somali and Sudanese diasporas in Great Britain, the Sudanese diaspora in Egypt, or the Eritrean Diaspora in Sweden and in the United States) to the economic viability of the country of origin or even to the very survival of the migrant communities scattered between African cities and refugee camps.

In this conference, we intend to distance ourselves from the studies that focus mainly on the causes of departure (the ‘why’ question), as a way to underscore instead the dynamics and conditions of mobility (the ‘how’ question).

We invite papers that elaborate the following themes, among others:

– What are the connections between the different scales of migration? To what extent are they interdependent? In this way, we avoid dualistic classifications which separate internal and international migrations, and rather favour the analysis of places of departure, transit and arrival, experiences of exile as well as circular and return migration.

– What are the recent developments of these migrations? How do they affect, at different scales, the political and economic situation of the countries of origin, transit and destination?

– What are the diverse networks and agents that encourage, support and benefit from the processes of migration? What role do the new technologies and communication networks play in influencing and orienting the pathways of migrants?

– What are the institutional, economic, political and social modalities that frame the experiences of migrants in the places of origin, transit and destination? To what extent are they heterogeneous and what are the interfaces between them?

– In what ways does the experience of migration affect and transform identities, statuses and social relations of individual migrants and their groups?

– To what extent can interdisciplinary approaches contribute to a deeper understanding of migratory processes?

We encourage a close consideration of generational and gender sensitive lines of analysis in addressing these themes.

Please send abstracts of a maximum of 400 words and a short biographical note no later than 23 May, 2015, to alicefranck@yahoo.fr and direction@cfee.cnrs.fr. Please indicate if your institution can support your travel expenses and become a partner of the event, or if, on the contrary, you require a financial support from the organisers of the conference. Due to limited funding, only a small number of travels will be covered.

 Scientific Committee:

– Katarzyna Grabska (IHEID, CEDEJ Khartoum)

– Hélène Thiollet (CNRS, Science Po)

– Alice Franck (CEDEJ Khartoum)

– David Ambrosetti (CFEE)