When religion opens doors to migration The case of Islamic Universities Students in Khartoum

Dear All,
We are very pleased to announce CEDEJ Khartoum next Seminar, April 4, 3pm, at CEDEJ Khartoum:

 

Khadidja MEDANI

“When religion opens doors to migration

The case of Islamic Universities Students in Khartoum”

 CEDEJ Khartoum

Wednesday 4th of April

3:00 pm

Summary

The migration of Muslim African elites in the Arab-Muslim world to get formation in Islamic sciences or on the way to the Hajj is an old tradition. The religious education has also been an instrument for the Da’wa (Islamic call). Young Muslims from African countries educated in the Arab world go back home as Cheikhs and Imams. Sudan is a key place in this migration process not only because of his geographical situation but also his double status as an Arab and African country. 

In 1977 al-Merkaz al-Islami al-Ifriki (Islamic African center) was created in Khartoum. The Merkaz was a secondary school that offered only Islamic courses. In 1991 the Merkaz was upgraded as university and became the International University of Africa. This update was the first step in a new trend for the Islamic education in Khartoum. The term ‘islamic’ disappeared from the name and new faculties in modern sciences were created. Nowadays the university is still  in expansion. This shows the will to build a Muslim youth able to be integrated in the modern society while keeping an Islamic morality. This also correspond to the will of an African Muslim youth to be graduated in modern and technical sciences to contribute to the developpement of their country. Through a network of Muslim schools and organizations, Khartoum proposes these opportunity around the continent.

Khadidja Medani is a Master 2 student in Geography at the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. HShe is affiliated to CEDEJ Khartoum and her research was conducted within the programm “Be Sudanese, muslim and Arab” financed by the Francophone University Agency (coord. by prof. Barbara Casciarri).

 
CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest “famous” building is an hospital : mustachfa “Jaber Abu el 3eez”, mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a “CEDEJ” sign on the balcony).

15.587513, 32.535053

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Seminar : Cotton, Sugar, and Alfalfa: Changing Patterns of Agricultural Development in Sudan

We are very pleased to announce CEDEJ Khartoum next Seminar, on 26 February, at 3:00pm at CEDEJ Khartoum
Stefano Turrino

‘Cotton, Sugar and Alfalfa : Changing Patterns of Agricultural Development in Sudan”

CEDEJ Khartoum 
March 26
3:00 pm
Stefano TURRINI (1989) is a Phd candidate in Geography at the University of Padova, Italy. Before the Phd, he graduated in ‘Local Development’. His research is part of a longstanding interest of the Department of Geography in Padova about agriculture in arid and semi-arid areas, especially in the Sub-Saharan Africa.
Summary:
The importance of agriculture in Sudan is manifest. In this country, large-scale agricultural development dates back to the British colonial rule: the Gezira scheme started to produce cotton for the British textile industry in 1925, after the completion of the Sennar Dam on the Blue Nile. The Sudanese state, which became independent in 1956, built the Roseires Dam in 1966 with the aim of expanding the scheme: the Managil Extension made the Gezira cover nearly one million hectares of land. Nowadays, it is one of the largest agricultural schemes under a single administration in the world. In the 1970s, Sudan improved its domestic food production and expanded and diversified the exports. The goal was to become the ‘breadbasket of the Arab world’, benefiting from the funding of the Arab oil-producing countries. The importance of food crops became more prominent than before in Sudan. Especially sugar played a key role in that period: the state approved the construction of many agricultural schemes for the cultivation of sugarcane and sugar factories. Nowadays alfalfa is taking a leading role in the development of a new frontier of agricultural development in Sudan benefiting of a vibrant business environment in the Country.
What are the similarities and the differences among the production systems which are required by these crops (cotton, sugar and alfalfa). What is their impact on the local territory? Stefano will try to answer these questions by taking advantage of his fieldwork and the existing literature.

CEDEJ Khartoum Scholarships for UofK PhD Students – Deadline 15th of April

Doctoral scholarships – Call for applications

Khartoum, March 2018

In the framework of the partnership between the University of Khartoum and the French Centre for Economic, Law and Social Studies in Khartoum (CEDEJ Khartoum), the latter offers two ten-month scholarships (+ Fees registration support), for PhD candidates in Social Sciences and Humanities from April 2018 to January 2019.

Eligibility 

The scholarship is open to candidates in Social Sciences and Humanities: Sociology, Geography, History, Political Science, Anthropology, Economy and Law. Applicants must be registered as PhD candidates at the University of Khartoum.

Description

This scholarship is the result of a partnership between the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies of the University of Khartoum and CEDEJ Khartoum with the aim of supporting PhD candidates in their research activities. Each scholarship is planned for a period of 10 months (April 2018-January 2019) with a monthly amount of 3,000 SDG. Additional 20,000 SDG will be added in order to support registration fees in the University of Khartoum. The beneficiaries shall become Associate PhD students of CEDEJ Khartoum and shall actively take part into the research programs of the institute, in collaboration with the University of Khartoum and their PhD supervisor. The successful candidates will have access to the Centre’s library in Khartoum 2. They will present the progress of their research at the occasion of the seminars organized in CEDEJ Khartoum, or at the University of Khartoum.

Proposals shall deal with the following research areas:

  • Migrations within/from/to/through the Horn of Africa
  • Religion and politics
  • Sudan Political Economy
  • Sudan in its regional/international environment

Application and Selection

Applicants have to submit a detailed CV, a motivation letter, their PhD research project (5 pages maximum) and a document certifying their actual registration as PhD student at the University of Khartoum. Application material – in English – shall be sent by email to jeannicolas.bach@cedejkhartoum.com

Closing date for application: 15th of April 2018. Selection of candidates will be made by the Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum, in coordination with the Faculty Dean of the University of Khartoum. Interviews may be realized, depending on the number of candidates.

The scholarships will then start as soon as possible, ideally by the end of April.

 

Dr. Jean-Nicolas Bach – CEDEJ Khartoum

Conflict Research Fellowship – 2018

The Conflict Research Fellowship (CRF) offers year-long support for experienced scholars (based at a university or NGO). The CRF is part of the Conflict Research Programme (CRP), a four-year, UK Department for International Development-funded research program based at the London School of Economics and Political Science that investigates the drivers of violent conflict in five cases: Somalia, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, and Syria. The program focuses on ways in which the political economy of public authority helps to explain the persistence and spread of violence. Successful fellowship candidates will need to examine how different interventions affect violent conflict and/or the risk of renewed violent conflict; analyze “what works” to counter drivers of conflict; and explore the contextual factors that affect the efficacy of such interventions, including the linkages among international, national, state, and local level dynamics. Successful candidates will contribute to the overall analysis of conflict through case studies of external interventions in four areas prioritized by the program:
1.     Civil society support (including multi-scalar peacemaking and peacebuilding activities, support for reconciliation, and community-level dialogue and mediation)
2.     Security and justice sector reform (including disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, reintegration, and resettlement programs [DDR/RR]; stabilization; regional security networks/arenas; and transitional, formal, and customary justice)
3.     Strengthening public authority and legitimacy, including at sub-national levels (the political marketplace, the effects of patronage networks on governance, governance promoting interventions, decentralization, and anti-corruption activities)
4.     Resource management (including settlement of land and real estate disputes, governance frameworks, and the role of natural resource competition in shaping public authority)
Terms
·       Completed online application form
·       Updated CV
·       Completed proposal & bibliography
·       Professional work sample
·       Two reference letters
·       Language evaluation(s) (if required)
Application Language: All application materials must be submitted in English or French.
Eligibility
·       Candidates must be postdoctoral scholars with at least three years of field-based experience since the completion of the PhD (or researchers with equivalent experience who have published one book or three peer-reviewed academic articles).
·       Applications will be considered for the following purposes only: funding to support fieldwork, teaching buy-out at your home institution, or a visiting appointment at a US or European university.
·       Research projects must focus on the core countries of the CRF: Somalia, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, or Syria. Nationals from these countries are encouraged to apply.
·       Applicants must also be available to attend a preparatory workshop in New York within the first two months of their fellowship period and a capstone workshop toward the end of the year-long fellowship.
·       At the end of the fellowship period, recipients must produce an original research output that is suitable for publication in a peer-reviewed academic journal.
Applications Due: April 15, 2018
For more information on the CRF, please visit: https://www.ssrc.org/fellowships/view/conflict-research-fellowship/

Ethnicity, Religion, Nationalism Crossed Insights from Anthropological Fieldworks at the Periphery of Arab-Muslim World Sudan-Morocco

Dear All,

CEDEJ Khartoum are very pleased to announce CEDEJ Khartoum next Seminar, Thursday 1st March, at 2:00pm at CEDEJ Khartoum.
Dr. Barbara CASCIARRI 
 
Ethnicity, Religion, Nationalism
 
Crossed Insights from Anthropological Fieldworks at the Periphery of Arab-Muslim World
Sudan-Morocco
 
 
(CEDEJ Khartoum Seminar Series on “Islams and Sudan”)
Barbara Casciarri holds a PhD in Ethnology and Social Anthropology from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris (France). She did fieldwork on economic and political anthropology in Sudan (1989-2016) among Arabic-speaking pastoralists and in a working-class neighbourhood of Khartoum (Deim), and in Morocco (2000-2006) on the relationship between Berber-speaking nomads and Arabic-speaking farmers. She was the coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum between 2006 and 2009. Since 2004, she has been Associate Professor at the Department of Sociology, University Paris 8 (France) and researcher at the LAVUE-UMR 7218. She has been scientific coordinator of two ANR Projects in Sudan: WAMAKHAIR (2008-2012) and ANDROMAQUE (2011-2014). Since 2009, she has been responsible for the scientific agreement between the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Khartoum, and Paris 8 University.
CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest “famous” building is an hospital : mustachfa “Jaber Abu el 3eez”, mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a “CEDEJ” sign on the balcony).

CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest “famous” building is an hospital : mustachfa “Jaber Abu el 3eez”, mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a “CEDEJ” sign on the balcony).

15.587513, 32.535053

Open Days of French-Sudanese scientific cooperation in Social Sciences Training and Research (University Paris 8, University of Khartoum, CEDEJ) (28th February-1st March 2018, Khartoum)

The Memorandum of Understanding signed in 2009 between the University Paris 8 (France) and the University of Khartoum (Sudan) has been recently renewed for the second time. During this period, French and Sudanese teachers, researchers and students from both universities had actively collaborated through various scientific exchanges matching research and training in Social Sciences studies on contemporary Sudan, with the support and participation of CEDEJ-Khartoum, and thanks to the central role played by the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology (Faculty of Economic and Social Studies). Starting in 2018 the tenth year of our partnership, we invite you to join the meetings organized in Khartoum to present the results of this international academic cooperation and to discuss about its future development.

Journées Portes Ouvertes UoK-Paris 8-CEDEJ last

Open Days UoK-Paris 8-CEDEJ last(1)

 

Exploratory readings of Mahdist archives : spatializing discursive practices in Sudan during the early Mahdiyya

Thursday 22nd February, at 3:00pm – CEDEJ Khartoum: 
Exploratory readings of Mahdist archives : spatializing discursive practices in Sudan during the early Mahdiyya
Anael Poussier is a doctoral candidate from the University Sorbonne – Paris 1, working under the under the supervision of Pierre Vermeren (University Sorbonne Paris 1 – IMAF) on the the history of the Mahdiyya (1880-1898). His PhD thesis attempts to analyse the socio-economic factors that defined the mobilization of the Sudanese population in favor of the Mahdist regime, with a particular emphasis on the Eastern Sudan. More broadly, his interests span the pre-colonial economic history of the Sub-Saharan belt and the various forms of social mobilization in this region during the XIXth century.

Appel 2018 – Prix Ariane Deluz – Bourse de terrain

Aide à la recherche en ethnologie de l’Afrique subsaharienne (terrain)

Date limite du dépôt des dossiers : 15 mars

Créé en 2014 grâce au legs « Ariane Deluz » et géré par la FMSH, ce prix distingue un projet de terrain d’un doctorant préparant en France une thèse en ethnologie de l’Afrique subsaharienne. Le prix permet au lauréat d’effectuer un travail de terrain portant sur les principaux domaines de l’éthnologie (parenté, religion, arts et techniques, politiques etc…). Selon le souhait de la donatrice, l’anthropologue franco-suisse Ariane Deluz, ce prix doit contribuer au développement des travaux ethnologiques des futures générations d’africanistes.

Conditions

– Le prix Ariane Deluz s’adresse aux doctorants de toute nationalité qui préparent une thèse (seule ou en cotutelle) en ethnologie de l’Afrique subsaharienne dans un établissement d’enseignement supérieur français. Les jeunes africanistes en début de thèse sont encouragés à postuler.

– Le prix est d’un montant de 5 000 euros ; il apporte un complément de ressources au bénéficiaire, en participant à ses frais de voyage et/ou de séjour sur le terrain.

– Le lauréat s’engage à rédiger un rapport présentant les résultats de son terrain de recherche en Afrique subsaharienne. Il mentionnera le concours financier du prix Ariane Deluz de la FMSH à l’occasion de toute communication écrite ou orale (thèse, publications, participation aux colloques…).

Dépôts des dossiers

Le dossier de candidature, rédigé en français, est à présenter en un seul document (doc, docx ou pdf) et doit comporter les pièces suivantes :

• un formulaire de candidature rempli
• un CV de maximum 2 pages accompagné d’une liste de publications et travaux
• un programme de terrain de recherche, maximum 5 pages de 1500 signes par page
• une copie du projet de thèse signé par le directeur de thèse
• un bref résumé de la thématique, maximum 5 lignes

Les dossiers complets doivent être envoyés à la fois par voie électronique et par voie postale. Ils doivent porter la mention explicite « Prix Ariane Deluz » sur l’enveloppe et être adressés à la FMSH à l’adresse suivante :

Fondation Maison des sciences de l’homme
Pôle International – Prix Ariane Deluz –  c/o Olga Spilar
54 boulevard Raspail – 75006 Paris

Courriel : prix-ariane-deluz@msh-paris.fr

Les dossiers de candidature incomplets ou ne correspondant pas à la description ci-dessus ne seront pas pris en compte. Le comité de sélection se réunit en mai. Les résultats seront communiqués par e-mail fin mai 2018.

Calendrier

Dépôt des candidatures : 1er janvier – 15 mars 2018

Date limite du dépôt des dossiers : 15 mars

Evaluation : 15 mars– 30 mai

Sélection et notification des candidats : 30 mai

Remise du prix : début juin 2018

Séjour sur le terrain : 2018/2019

Pour plus d’information : http://www.fmsh.fr/fr/international/27936

 

Publication : African Contributions to Peace Operations: Insights from the Military

African Contributions to Peace Operations: Insights from the Military

Journal of Eastern African Studies
Volume 12, n°1, 2018


A collection of five articles are to be published by the Journal of Eastern African Studies. They have already been made available online on the journal website. This collection of articles proceeds from the workshop organized by CFEE in Addis Ababa in April 2016 (https://cfee.hypotheses.org/1554), with the support of the Observatory of the Horn of Africa (LAM, Sciences Po Bordeaux, Région Nouvelle Aquitaine), the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and the French Ministry of Defence.

 

The collection has been directed by Nina Wilén (FNRS, ULB), David Ambrosetti (CNRS, CFEE) and Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum).


The five articles are:

Marco Jowell, “The unintended consequences of foreign military assistance in Africa: An analysis of peacekeeping training in Kenya”

 

Josefine Kuhnel Larsen & Nina Wilén, “Rwanda’s military as a people’s army: heroes at home and abroad”

 

Thomas Mandrup, “An uncertain future: South Africa’s national defence force caught between foreign-policy ambitions and domestic development”

 

Nina Wilén, Gérard Birantamije, David Ambrosetti, “The Burundian army’s trajectory to professionalisation and depoliticisation, and back again”

 

Paul Williams, “Joining AMISOM: Why six African states contributed troops to the African Union Mission in Somalia”


Conférence de Roland Marchal « Politique étrangère française en Afrique, perspectives”

Conférence-débat, lundi 15 janvier à 19h

Roland Marchal : « Politique étrangère française en Afrique, perspectives»

Chercheur au Centre de recherches internationales de Sciences Po (Paris), Roland Marchal est spécialiste de l’économie et des conflits armés en Afrique sub-saharienne. Il enseigne à Sciences Po et à l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne.

 

Conférence en français, avec traduction simultanée en arabe

محاضرة ـ جلسة نقاش الاثنين 15 يناير ، 7:00م

رولان مارشال : “آفاق السياسة الخارجية الفرنسية”  

 

رولان مارشال ، باحث بمركز الأيحاث الدولية ، كلية العلوم السياسية بباريس ، متخصص في الاقتصاد والنزاعات المسلحة بافريقيا جنوب الصحراء. وهو ايضاً محاضر بكلية العلوم السياسية وبجامعة باريس 1 ، السوربون.

 

المحاضرة بالفرنسية مع ترجمة تتبعية للعربي

Atlas postdoctoral fellowship 2018

The Fondation Maison des sciences de l’homme (FMSH), French Embassy in Sudan (AMB) and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Sudan (MOHE), offer short-term fellowships of two months in France for young postdoc researchers from Sudan who have presented their thesis from 2009.

This research stay is designed to enable researchers to conduct research studies in France: field enquiries, library and archives work.

This call is part of the Atlas short-term postdoctoral mobility programme offered by the FMSH and its partners.

http://www.fmsh.fr/en/international/24272

http://www.fmsh.fr/en/international/29060

Pouvoirs et altérité dans la déclaration des zones humides d’intérêt international en Afrique : construction, légitimation et confrontation des savoirs sur la nature (SavNat-Afrique)

Partenaires : Laboratoire SAGE UMR 7363, Institut d’Ethnologie- Faculté de Sciences Sociales, Université de Strasbourg, ONCFS, CEDEJ (centre d’études et de documentation économiques, juridiques et sociales) Antenne Khartoum. MAEDI/USR 3123 CNRS
Résumé
Dans le cadre de la déclaration d’une zone humide d’intérêt international au Soudan sous les conventions internationales RAMSAR et AEWA, ce projet s’intéresse à la production de savoirs sur les oiseaux migrateurs. A partir d’une ethnographie multi située nous nous proposons d’étudier les dispositifs pédagogiques développés dans ce contexte ; d’analyser différentes situations d’échange, voire de controverse, autour de la légitimité des savoirs sur les oiseaux et les zones humides et d’interpréter les représentations graphiques ainsi que les discours concernant les espaces protégés et les différents acteurs impliqués dans le processus de conservation.

 

Équipe

Responsable scientifique : Luisa ARANGO

Post-doctorant : Guillaume CHRISTEN

Master Students : Eurydice DEVOS, Aurélien LOSSER, Romain DENIMAL

Artistic work: Alice LOULIN

SavNat Afrique (présentation) 24.04.2017

Migration and Displacement In and From Darfur

Program Title: Migration and Displacement in and from Darfur: Conflict, livelihoods and food insecurity. A research project to examine migration trends and inform policy”

Partners: SOAS, ODI, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies – University of Khartoum, CEDEJ Khartoum, Oxfam Sudan

Project sponsored by: SOAS/EU Trust Fund REF; the Dutch Embassy in Khartoum

Summary

The proposed research aims to examine trends, processes and drivers of migration and displacement in and from Darfur, with a particular focus on migration flows during its protracted conflict.  The research will provide insights into current mobility patterns, explore the reasons for migration and displacement, how it builds on past migration patterns, and the decision-making processes of actual and potential migrants and refugees. The findings will lead to better understanding of the recent changes in migration flows, in particular towards Europe, and of the effect of current interventions targeting migrants.  The study also aims to identify appropriate responses to reduce levels of irregular or unsafe migration or create opportunities to stay safely at home.  This proposal provides the justification for doing the research, the proposed research questions, methods, timeframe and budget.  It also provides background information on the nature and types of migration in Darfur.

In 2015 and 2016, Sudanese formed the fifth and sixth largest categories of migrants coming into Italy respectively, representing between 6.5-7% of migrants, or an estimated 10,600 in 2015 and 8,600 in 2016 by September (UNHCR, 2016a and b). Refugee sites in Europe report a large proportion of Sudanese, for example a survey in the Calais camp in France in July 2016 found that out of 7,037 refugees, 32% were Sudanese (Refugee Rights Data Project, 2016).

However, beyond these aggregate figures little is known about the trends and causes of migration in and from Sudan, and specifically Darfur in terms of changing patterns, destinations, reasons, processes of migration, or who is leaving.  Migration is rarely covered in aid agency assessments.

  • To explore current trends, drivers and constraints in migration in and from Darfur, particularly into Europe.
  • To inform policy and programming responses, in Europe and in Sudan, and to advise on appropriate interventions and the likely effect of current interventions targeting potential and actual migrants and refugees.

Geographical scope and purposive sampling

Within Sudan the geographical focus of the research will be Khartoum and Darfur, most likely North Darfur State and Central and/or West Darfur States, where different patterns of migration have traditionally been an important part of livelihoods, and which are known to be the geographic point of origin for migrant flows to Europe.   In Europe, the geographic focus will be Italy, France and the UK, where Sudanese migrants are known to have congregated, or to pass through.

Within the respective Darfur states selected for the study, a purposive sampling frame of different population groups will be constructed, that takes account of traditional and recent migration patterns, different livelihood and ethnic groups, and different experiences of the conflict in Darfur, according to the following draft criteria:

  • groups with a long history and tradition of migration as part of their livelihood strategy, for example the Zaghawa from north-west Darfur, or the Fur from Jebel Si and Kebkabiya in west-central Darfur.
  • groups from which it is known that some have migrated to Europe, and that have experienced violent conflict and displacement, for example in camps for the displaced such as Abou Shook or Zamzam camps near El Fasher town.
  • groups in selected state capitals within Darfur, for example El Fasher or Geneina, from where it is known that migrants have left[1]
  • if possible, groups in opposition-controlled areas (for example in Central Darfur state) from where it is known that migrants have left, as well as in government-controlled areas
  • if feasible, groups living in areas where EU funded projects have been/are being implemented

Final report to be issued first semester of 2018.

Team

Coordinators: Susanne Jaspars, Research Associate, SOAS, London; Margie Buchanan-Smith, Senior Research Associate, HPG/ODI.

 

[1] There will be overlap between groups 1-3.  Some of those with a long history of migration will have been displaced, including both the Zaghawa and Fur.  Those with a long history of migration will also present in state capitals.

Observatoire Afrique de l’Est

Program Title: « Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est » / « Observatory of Eastern Africa »

Partners

Coordinated by CEDEJ Khartoum and the Center for International Studies (CERI) of Sciences Po Paris

French Institute for international relations, http://www.ifri.org

Les Afriques dans le Monde, Sciences Po Bordeaux, http://lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr

French Center of Ethiopian Studies, Addis-Ababa, http://cfee.hypotheses.org

French Research Institute, Nairobi, http://ifra-nairobi.net

CEDEJ Cairo, http://cedej-eg.org

 

Summary

This Observatoire (2017-2020) is a research program coordinated by CEDEJ Khartoum and the Center for International Research at Sciences Po Paris. Reports are available online on CERI-Sciences Po website (http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est).

The Observatory issues regular reports related to current political issues in the Eastern Africa region, and the relation between it and the broader world: political violence, elections, external actors (Gulf, Asian, US, or European countries), development projects, human movements like migrations. The aim of this program is to enlighten current events from an academic perspective based on strong empirical research – often challenged by the difficult access to field work. The Observatory holds an international conference every year in Paris (October).

Team

Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum) & Roland Marchal (CERI Sciences Po)

Forthcoming Reports

Post-US Sanction Sudan, by Atta El-Battahani

The United Arab Emirates in the Horn of Africa, by Roland Marchal

Riding the crest of the wave? The 2017 election in Kenya’s democratisation process, by Kamau Waiwuri

Lastest Reports (http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est).

Dynamiques des mobilisations en Ethiopie depuis les élections de 2015, Note d’analyse, par Jeanne Aisserge, Août 2015

Kenya 2017: The Interim Elections?, Note d’Actualité, par Justin Willis, Nic Cheeseman, Gabrielle Lynch, July 2017

Le Soudan, un pays de destination ? Le cas des Syriens arrivés après 2011 à Khartoum, Note d’actualité, par Alice Koumurian, July 2017

Ethiopie: les forces de défense nationale à la manœuvre, Note d’actualité, par Patrick Ferras, juin 2017

Une Election somalienne, Note d’analyse, par Roland Marchal, April 2017

 

Résumé

L’Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est (2017-2020) est un programme de recherche coordonné par le CEDEJ Khartoum (MAEDI-CNRS USR 3123) et le Centre de Recherches internationales (CERI) de Sciences Po Paris. Il se situe dans la continuité de l’Observatoire de la Corne de l’Afrique qu’il remplace et dont il élargit le champ d’étude.

Les notes produites par l’Observatoire sont disponibles en ligne sur le site du CERI Sciences Po (http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est) – les notes antérieures (2013-2016) sont quant à elles disponibles sur le site du laboratoire Les Afriques dans le Monde : http://www.lam.sciencespobordeaux.fr/programme-recherche/observatoire-pluriannuel-des-enjeux-politiques-et-securitaires-dans-la-corne-de.

L’Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est a vocation à produire des Notes d’analyse et d’actualité autour des thématiques qui travaillent la région et ses relations au monde, tels que les dynamiques religieuses contemporaines, les violences politiques, les grands projets de développement, ou encore les circulations humaines. Il entend d’une part mettre en perspective historique l’actualité politique et d’autre part les alimenter d’études empiriques parfois négligées ou souvent difficilement accessibles.

Ce programme de recherche bénéficie du soutien de la Direction Générale des Relations Internationales et de la Stratégie (ministère de la Défense français). Il s’appuie par ailleurs sur un large réseau de partenaires à l’étranger, notamment les Institut français de recherche à l’étranger (le CFEE d’Addis-Abeba, l’IFRA Nairobi, le CEDEJ du Caire) et en France (l’Institut français des relations internationales, le CSBA, LAM-Sciences Po Bordeaux).

Vous trouverez sur cette page les Notes réalisées par les chercheur.e.s partenaires, les programmes et les vidéos des séminaires annuels (octobre 2017-2018-2019). Notez que le prochain séminaire annuel de l’Observatoire se tiendra au CERI le 19 octobre 2017.

Mots-clefs : Afrique de l’Est, Corne de l’Afrique, élections, violence, développement, terrorisme, islamisme, Djibouti, Egypte, Kenya, Erythrée, Ethiopie, Somalie, Somaliland, Soudan, Soudan du Sud

Team

Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum) & Roland Marchal (CERI Sciences Po)

 

Seminar – by Prof. Atta El-Battahani: “Post-US Sanction Sudan: Which Way?”

Since National Islamic Front (NIF) ascendancy to power in 1989, radical Islamists known since then as Inqaz regime, managed to stave off both internal and external threats to power, demonstrating a recombinant capacity in Hydamann’s term. With Sudan losing its oil revenue in 2011with secession of South Sudan, the government made a lot of fuss about negative impact of US imposed sanction on its dependent economy that became even more vulnerable to outside volatile economic and financial changes. 

In January 2017 and before leaving office President Barak Obama eased some economic sanctions imposed on the country since 1990s and in October 2017 President Donald Trump finally lifted economic sanctions imposed on Sudan. How would competing power circles appropriate lifting of sanctions, capture expected rents and spoils and effect re-alignment of forces? What is the likely impact of lifting of economic scenarios on regime survival or reform?

This paper argues that post-sanctions represent a challenge for NCP/NIF ‘dominant’ fraction of Northern Arab-Muslism bourgeoise leaving the door open for ‘reformist’ elements to ponder for how long they would bear the cost of supporting al-Bashir autocracy who is backed by rentier, crony capitalists. While external actors haunted by security vacuum are likely to attempt mediate and encourage peaceful rather than violent change, one lesson learned from past experience is that external pressures never deliver credible regime change by themselves, meaningful regime change must be embedded in and led by internal democratic forces. As things stand now, the likelihood of such eventuality is rather remote.    

Atta El-Battahani is a Professor in Political Science, Political Economy; educated at Khartoum University (Sudan) and Sussex University (Britain). Earlier, he served as Head Department of Political Science, Faculty of Economics, University of Khartoum; as Manager and Senior Advisor for International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) in Sudan.

He has extensive research experience and has published on Development Impact of Ethnic and Religious Conflicts in African Societies; Governance and state institutional reform in Africa and the Middle East; conflict and Cooperation in the Nile Valley; Gender Politics; Peripheral Capitalism and Political Islam;  Elections and Political Transitions, and Democracy Deficit in the Arab World.

El-Battahani is Editor-in-Chief of Sudan Journal of Economic and Social Studies.

CEDEJ Khartoum is located in Khartoum 2 (street 59), not too far from Ozone. The closest “famous” building is an hospital : mustachfa “Jaber Abu el 3eez”, mustachfa sukari (for diabetes). Our centre is at the second floor (there is a “CEDEJ” sign on the balcony).

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