On Monday 23rd May, Dr Alice Franck, Geographer and Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum, presented her paper « Urban Agriculture Facing Land Pressure in Greater Khartoum – The Case of New Real Estate Projects in Tuti and Abū Seʿīd » at the Sudanese Institute of Architects (SIA)’s 4th Scientific and Professional conference.
Le 23 mars 2015, le premier ministre éthiopien, Hailemariam Desalegn, le président égyptien, Abdel Fattah al-Sissi et le président soudanais Omar el-Béchir, réunis à Khartoum, ont décidé de signer un accord de « principe » afin d’aplanir leurs différends concernant la question du Nil. En effet, depuis 2011, le projet de construction par le gouvernement éthiopien d’un barrage sur le Nil bleu envenime les relations entres les trois Etats. En Egypte, cette question est régulièrement traitée comme une question de sécurité nationale pour le pays puisque 95% de son approvisionnement en eau vient du Nil ; or le Nil bleu contribue à hauteur de 59% du débit total du Nil. Cet événement fut l’occasion d’un échange de « courtoisie » entre les chefs d’Etat éthiopien et égyptien : Hailemariam Desalegn assura que le projet éthiopien ne causerait pas de dommage à l’Egypte, tandis qu’Abdel Fattah al-Sissi annonça que, entre la coopération et le conflit, les trois pays avaient « choisi de coopérer ». Les tensions avaient atteint leur paroxysme en juin 2013 lorsque l’ancien président égyptien, Mohamed Morsi, avait dirigé une réunion au cours de laquelle certains responsables égyptiens avaient suggéré d’utiliser la force armée pour régler la question du barrage Renaissance en Ethiopie. Le barrage Renaissance (GERD en anglais pour Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam) qui doit être opérationnel en 2017 promet d’être la plus grande structure hydroélectrique d’Afrique avec une production de 6000 mégawatts par an. Le coût prévu pour ces travaux est de 4,5 milliards d’euros entièrement financés par l’Ethiopie et ses citoyens à travers un emprunt obligataire national. Continuer la lecture de Revue de presse du CEDEJ du Caire – Le partage des eaux du Nil entre Egypte, Soudan et Ethiopie, par Wahel Rashid→
We are extremely pleased to announce that Katarzyna Grabska, associate researcher at CEDEJ Khartoum, recently won the 2014 Amaury Talbot Prize for African Anthropology for her book Gender, Home and Identity: Nuer Repatriation to Southern Sudan (Boydell & Brewer Ltd 2014).
The Amaury Talbot Prize for African Anthropology rewards, in the opinion of the judges, the most valuable work of African anthropology submitted.
« Gender, Home & Identity: Nuer Repatriation to Southern Sudan »
How and where did returning Nuer refugees make their ‘homes’ in South Sudan? How were gender relations and identity redefined as a result of war, displacement and return to post-war communities? And how were those displaced able to recreate sense of home, community and nation?
During the civil wars in Southern Sudan (1983-2005) many of the displaced Sudanese, including many Nuer, were in refugee camps in Kenya and Ethiopia. In the aftermath of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, they repatriated to Southern Sudan. Faced with finding long-lost relatives and local expectations of ‘proper behaviour’, they often felt displaced again.
In this presentation, Grabska will present the findings of her recent book in which she followed the lives of a group of Nuer in the Greater Upper Nile region. The narratives of those displaced and those who stayed behind reveal the complexity of social change and show how this has impacted on state formation in what is now South Sudan and, in particular, the crucial yet relatively unconsidered transformation of gender and generational relations.
Research fellow, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva
In order to further promote academic exchanges, CEDEJ Khartoum is continuing its series of documentary films screenings and debates.
In recent years, several documentaries dealing with key themes of interest to CEDEJ Khartoum – Sudan, the 2011 separation, migration issues, the Arab world, etc. – were produced. The content of these films, the approach chosen by the director, as well as the use of video in relation to academic research, are all topics of interest for our PhD students and researchers.
After « Days of Hope » (by the Danish director Ditte Haarløv Johnsen), we are pleased to announce our second screening:
Thursday 28th April, 2016, at 2 PM
CEDEJ Khartoum will screen the documentary “Our Beloved Sudan”
by the Anglo-Sudanese director Taghreed Elsanhouri
“Our beloved Sudan (92 min, 2012) takes the historical trajectory of a nation from birth in 1956 to its death or transmutation into two separate states in 2011 and within this structure it interlaces a public and a private story. Inviting key political figures to reflexively engage with the historical trajectory of the film while observing an ordinary mixed race family caught across the divides of a big historical moment as they try to make sense of it and live through it.”
Dr Azza AZIZ, anthropologist with interest in forced internal displacement, will lead an after-screening discussion of the film.
CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce Elise Tenret’s recent publication « Exclusive Universities: Use and Misuse of Affirmative Action in Sudanese Higher Education » in Comparative Education Review (May 2016).
Although characterized by repeated ethnic conflicts, Sudan has implemented affirmative action at universities since the 1970s for students coming from war zones and remote areas. The implementation of compensatory measures has been promoted—somehow imposed—by the several peace treaties and by the massive expansion of higher education during the 1990s. The former have led to the creation of “special admission,” mainly for students coming from conflict zones; the latter has led to the creation of “state admissions,” which favor local recruitment for the newly created universities. However, those measures have proved inefficient for several reasons: first, the lack of consistency of the policy; second, the lack of political will; third, the lack of monitoring. The wider context—the liberalization of higher education and the independence of South Sudan—has also contributed to diminishing the scope of the policy.◼
CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce Raphaëlle Chevrillon-Guibert’s recent publication : « Les commerçants zaghawa du Darfour (Soudan) : des passeurs de frontières » [Pathways of Accumulation in Sudan: The Case of Darfurian Cross-Border Traders] in Territoire en mouvement Revue de géographie et aménagement.
Photo/Cartoon Contest On The Separation Of Sudan // Cover Book For Our Special Issue On Sudan In EMA Journal
Help us to find the best cover book for our special issue on Sudan in EMA (Egypte Monde Arabe) Journal*!
This summer, in EMA Journal, CEDEJ Khartoum will publish a special issue on Sudan entitled “The Sudan, five years after the independence of South Sudan: which reconfigurations, transformations, and evolutions in the “North”? » (Please find below a more detailed description**)
International conference: “Borders and territorial reconfigurations in the Middle East and the Sahel”
Aswan, January 30th-31st, 2017
« This Middle East forged in the clash of arms and disdain of its peoples is now crumbling before our eyes. This historic disruption is not the result of the contestation of borders, though they are unfair, but the consequence oftheir fate being reclaimed by the peoples concerned”.
Jean Pierre Filiu, « Les Arabes, leur destin et le nôtre » (The Arabs: theirDestiny and Ours), p.23, La Découverte, Paris, 2015.
Article publié sur le site de Noria, think tank et réseau d’experts en relations internationales
Cette enquête (en anglais) porte sur l’échec de la Cour Pénale Internationale (CPI) au Soudan. En se focalisant sur le Président soudanais Omar El-Béchir afin d’obtenir son arrestation, l’action de la CPI et les manœuvres politiques autour de la qualification de génocide, ont eu des effets dramatiques sur la catégorisation des minorités au Darfour.
De ce travail se dégagent trois conclusions majeures :
Le lundi 28 mars 2016, Khadidja MEDANI a présenté au CEDEJ les premiers résultats de son travail de terrain auprès des migrants centre-africains à Khartoum.
On Monday 28 March, Khadidja MEDANI has presented in CEDEJ her findings from her fieldwork with Central-African migrants in Khartoum.
By Khadidja MEDANI:
Student in a Master 1 in Geography at the University
Panthéon-Sorbonne, I am on a fieldwork about the Central African
community in Khartoum. The border between the Central African Republic and Sudan has always been porous and the Central African’s presence in Darfur is old. However, the migration of Central African in Khartoum seems to be more recent and linked with the troubles since the putsches of François Bozize and Michel Djotodia. This small community has still a low visibility and has not been studied since now. I focus my study on why and how they left the Central African Republic and came into Sudan. I try to find which networks lead them up to Khartoum and help to their integration. I also ask the question of the status of these migrants. This last point reveals a link between the refugees and the students. Actually, the main network for the Central African
to integrate them in Khartoum seems to be the International University of Africa. ◼
Vignettes tirées de la bande-dessinée « Tempête sur Bangui », de Didier Kassai, La Boîte à Bulles/Amnesty International, 2015.
Dans un contexte européen de forte médiatisation du phénomène migratoire, la collecte de données scientifiques permettant d’éclairer la question est un impératif pour les chercheurs, les travailleurs humanitaires et les concepteurs de politiques publiques. A partir de ce constat, le Centre d’Etudes et de Documentation Economiques, Juridiques et Sociales (CEDEJ) de Khartoum et l’ONG Triangle Génération Humanitaire se joignent pour proposer un stage niveau master 2 de recherche de terrain sur les migrants soudanais.
Coordination of CEDEJ Khartoum : Dr Jean-Nicolas BACH
Email : email@example.com
Since 2011,CEDEJKhartoum has supportedseveral visiting/Sudanese researchers andstudents. The natureof this supportvaries,andisbased onthe request, on the evaluation of thedossierpresentedand on the resources available.
Depuis 2011, le CEDEJ Khartoum a apporté son soutien à plusieurs chercheurs et étudiants de passage ainsi qu’à des chercheurs et doctorants soudanais. La nature de ce soutien est variable, et est déterminée en fonction de la demande formulée, de l’évaluation qui est faite du dossier présenté et des ressources disponibles.
Visiting researchers and students
Chercheurs et étudiants de passage
Katarzyna (Kasia) Grabska, PhD, social anthropologist. Senior Research Fellow at the Global Migration Centre of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. She received her PhD in Development Studies/Anthropology from the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex, UK. Her research focuses on gender, generation, youth, displacement, refuges, return, and identities. For her PhD, I analyzed social transformations in the context of forced displacement and return among southern Sudanese refugees. She is particularly interested in intersections of power, gender identities and gender and generational relations in forced displacement situations and the impact of (forced) migration on youth. Recently, she has been developing a strand of work around narratives of displacement and refugeness, and urban displacement. Prior to entering academia, Kasia worked and researched in the humanitarian field on issues of human rights, migration, and refugees in Guinea, Cambodia and Vietnam. She then moved in Egypt where she engaged in research among urban refugees. Consequently, she carried out research in Lebanon, Ghana, Kyrgyzstan, Sudan, and South Sudan, refugee livelihoods, access to rights, social transformations and displacement, and adolescent girls’ migration in the Middle East and East Africa. Kasia used visual media, feminist methodologies, and participatory methodologies in fieldwork. Since 2002, she has been carrying out a longitudinal study of gender relation transformations among Nuer from South Sudan in Egypt, Kenya, South Sudan and in Khartoum. She recently completed a three year long research analyzing adolescent girls migration and displacement in Sudan. Grabska published widely in academic journals as well as has made documentary films. Her most recent film was made in collaboration with a team of researchers and filmmakers, and is called Time to look at girls: migrants in Ethiopia and Bangladesh. She is the author of Gender, Identity and Home: Nuer repatriation to South Sudan (2014) which received the Armory Talbot Prize in 2015 and co-editor of Forced Migration: Why Rights Matter? (2008).
Azza Ahmed Abdel aziz – Azza Ahmed Abdel Aziz holds a Ph. D in Social and Medical anthropology gained in 2013 from the department of Sociology and Anthropology, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Her research interests focus on cultural understandings of health, which largely feature an exploration of the interface between such understandings and bio-medical configurations of health. Dr. Aziz’s work focuses on how different individuals and groups access health on a continuum ranging from therapeutics based on cultural beliefs to those based on scientific epistemologies. She has in-depth experience working on these issues among southern Sudanese and South Sudanese individuals and groups of people displaced in Khartoum whose lives have been subject to experiences of movement/migration in different forms. She has also worked with victims of torture in London.
Hind Mahmud Youssef – Hind Mahmud Youssef has been studying food technology at Jezirah University. However, her research interests has evolved: she obtained a master degree at Ahfad university on gender studies (she wrote her master thesis on the socio-economic impacts of fistula in Sudan). She is currently a Phd student on development studies with a gender perspective at Ahfad University for Women. She is also contributing to our research programme METRO 2 SOUDAN.
Nadine Rea Intisar Adam – Since 2014, she is Ph.D Candidate at the International Max Planck Research School on Retaliation, Mediation and Punishment (REMEP), based at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle/Saale, she is also a member of the LOST (Law, Organisation, Science and Technology) research group at University of Halle-Wittenberg. Her doctoral dissertation project is: « Gender and Art in the Quest for Peace. Women’s Involvement in Peace Building and the Role of Art in Peace Processes in Sudan ».