Migration and exile in the Horn of Africa: State of knowledge and current debates – Khartoum, 16 – 18 November 2015

Call for Paper

CEDEJ (French Research Centre for Social Sciences) in Khartoum and CFEE (French Centre for Ethiopian Studies) in Addis Ababa invite interested participants to a scientific conference that will take place in Khartoum, 16-18 November, 2015.

Supported by the Institut français in Paris, the conference aims to create an overview of the current state of research on migrations in the Horn of Africa. It will focus on the recent fieldwork conducted in the migrants’ and exilees’ areas of origins, transit and destination.

Mobility is a major socio-political and economic dynamic in the history of this region. African and European researchers have, for a long time, been examining the different scales and dynamics of migratory flows. Empirical approaches will be emphasized during the conference in order to provide an overview of the existing social science research on migration within the Horn of Africa.

Increasing internal migration combined with a growing number of displaced people in the sub-region (especially Somalia, Ethiopia, and Sudan) have caught the media attention, as the number of deathly shipwrecks in the Mediterranean sea involving migrants from the Horn region has skyrocketed in the recent years, particularly since the beginning of 2015.

This trend calls for a more attentive analysis of the various types of mobility and of the diverse impacts of such migrations. Such approach brings to examine how the diverse ramifications of migration are restructuring political and socio-economic relations at regional as well as national levels. The link between pastoralism and internal migrations is of great significance in this respect. More broadly, migration needs to be linked with regional developmental and economic disparities, transformations in livelihoods, and urbanization in a context of political, economic as well as environmental instability.

Local levels of internal mobility (whether “voluntary” or “forced”) cannot be isolated from trans-border dynamics. The explorations of migratory flows, including those of refugees and displaced persons across borders in the region (Somalia-Kenya, Eritrea-Ethiopia, South Sudan-Uganda, Sudan-Chad, Egypt-Soudan, etc.) as well as across the Red Sea, have demonstrated that refugee and migrant trajectories constitute a series of stages and routes of goings and comings, including commuter trajectories. Seasonal migrations and forced displacements caused by violence, conflicts and drought stand side by side with regional migrations towards countries which are perceived as being safer and better equipped to offer opportunities for a new life, or at least for survival.

These cross-border local migrations are linked to broader migration processes, which are a part of international mobility within a particularly unstable and challenging context. These aforementioned elements are due to protracted and contemporary conflicts. They are also embedded in authoritarian political systems, and affected by the policies deployed by international organizations in order to alleviate the lack of state regulations where states are supposed to be too fragile.

The Horn of Africa constitutes a frontier-region from more than one vantage point since it encompasses several heterogeneous migratory flows:

 – Intra-regional migrations primarily linked with conflicts but also with economic and climatic catastrophes;

– Migrations to the oil-producing Gulf countries,

– Migrations to European countries and Israel, via Egypt or Libya.

Evidently, it is the migratory flow to European countries that is of special focus to the European Union as well as the major international organizations. While the international aid resources diminish and the immigration and asylum policies in European countries become more and more hostile towards those migrants arriving from the Horn of Africa, it seems pertinent to reevaluate the conditions that favour migrations in/from the region.

Funding policy related to humanitarian aid and development projects in the region is to be scrutinized, as well as the contribution of the diasporas (like the Somali and Sudanese diasporas in Great Britain, the Sudanese diaspora in Egypt, or the Eritrean Diaspora in Sweden and in the United States) to the economic viability of the country of origin or even to the very survival of the migrant communities scattered between African cities and refugee camps.

In this conference, we intend to distance ourselves from the studies that focus mainly on the causes of departure (the ‘why’ question), as a way to underscore instead the dynamics and conditions of mobility (the ‘how’ question).

We invite papers that elaborate the following themes, among others:

– What are the connections between the different scales of migration? To what extent are they interdependent? In this way, we avoid dualistic classifications which separate internal and international migrations, and rather favour the analysis of places of departure, transit and arrival, experiences of exile as well as circular and return migration.

– What are the recent developments of these migrations? How do they affect, at different scales, the political and economic situation of the countries of origin, transit and destination?

– What are the diverse networks and agents that encourage, support and benefit from the processes of migration? What role do the new technologies and communication networks play in influencing and orienting the pathways of migrants?

– What are the institutional, economic, political and social modalities that frame the experiences of migrants in the places of origin, transit and destination? To what extent are they heterogeneous and what are the interfaces between them?

– In what ways does the experience of migration affect and transform identities, statuses and social relations of individual migrants and their groups?

– To what extent can interdisciplinary approaches contribute to a deeper understanding of migratory processes?

We encourage a close consideration of generational and gender sensitive lines of analysis in addressing these themes.

Please send abstracts of a maximum of 400 words and a short biographical note no later than 23 May, 2015, to alicefranck@yahoo.fr and direction@cfee.cnrs.fr. Please indicate if your institution can support your travel expenses and become a partner of the event, or if, on the contrary, you require a financial support from the organisers of the conference. Due to limited funding, only a small number of travels will be covered.

 Scientific Committee:

– Katarzyna Grabska (IHEID, CEDEJ Khartoum)

– Hélène Thiollet (CNRS, Science Po)

– Alice Franck (CEDEJ Khartoum)

– David Ambrosetti (CFEE)

Olivier Mongin: Urban Seminars Series Second Edition

Olivier Mongin presented a paper entitled « The city of flows, the two sides of globalization » during a seminar held at the Sharjah Hall the 24 of February in Khartoum and organized by the CEDEJ in collaboration with the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, the Faculty of Architecture, the Faculty of Geography of the University of Khartoum. The seminar, translated from french to arabic, by Dr Azza Ahmed A. Aziz (SOAS – University of London),  was followed by a rich exchange between Mr Mongin and the audience of students and professors in presence of presence of Dr Hassan El Hajj, dean of the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, Dr Gamal M. Hamid, dean of the Faculty of Architecture, Dr Ahmed El Faig, Dean of the Faculty of Geography, Dr Alice Franck, coordinator of the CEDEJ-Khartoum, Dr Ibtissam Sati, Deputy dean Faculty of Economic and Social Studies.

Olivier Mongin aims to demonstrate that globalization is not only an acceleration and intensification of exchanges of people, goods and information but it is first an anthropological change toward a mainly urban way of life. Such a change demands first one measure the current global turmoil. The developing countries now represent 95% of the world’s urban growth. Nine hundred million people live in what we refer to the historic city, when more than one billion live in favelas, slums and other illegal cities. Two more billion are living in contemporary urbanizations, a collection of diffuse cities, infinite cities, dispersed towns, etc. The city has thus been diluted but also more widespread. Olivier Mongin stresses the need to be aware of the stakes of this transformation of the urban experience by highlighting three major trends worldwide: flows tend to prevail over the places, especially with the Internet and the development of fast transport; urban diversity is declining everywhere, the privatization of life and public space is increasing.

For a better understanding of the urban element within globalization, Olivier Mongin relies on personal trips, readings and diverse artistic experiences hence developing an original analysis of the modalities of this supremacy of flows over places. From this perspective, he outlines a number of reflections linked to a paramount consideration of context and environment, including  the ecological, but also addressing issues of democracy and urban governance.

Olivier Mongin is a famous French essayist and philosopher. He was the director of the journal “Esprit” for over 20 years. Alongside the direction of this journal Olivier Mongin equally conducts publishing activities in various collections focusing on societal issues, philosophy and town planning. He has published books on different topics especially about democracy, the concept of “laughter” and about the city during the time of globalization.

Metropolisation and in between Spaces in the Greater Khartoum – New Research Program

The Cedej – Khartoum is starting a new research program in partnership with the University of Khartoum and the University Paris 8 with the support of the AUF (Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie). The project will start in march 2015.

This research project aims to analyze the stakeholder’s plays and the power relations revolving around the rural-urban linkages inside the Greater Khartoum conurbation. The diversity of those peripheral areas under permanent recharacterizations is the starting point of this project.

The program supervisors are: Dr Alice Franck (CEDEJ Khartoum, University Paris 1), Dr Munzul Assal (University of Khartoum), Dr Barbara Casciarri (University Paris 8)

You will find more details in French and  in the documents attached


Metropolisation and in between spaces

Ongoing Research : Matthew Steele

Matthew Steele is a Ph.D student in Islamic Studies at Harvard University.  He researches jurisprudence and knowledge production in West and North Africa, with a particular focus on the intellectual history, texts, and communities that shaped legal scholarship from the 18th to early 20th centuries.  Matthew has previously conducted fieldwork in Yemen, Morocco, Mauritania, and Senegal.  He received his undergraduate degree at Swarthmore College and Master’s degree at Dartmouth College, where his work on customary law in Yemen was awarded the outstanding graduate thesis of 2012.

In Sudan, Matthew is serving as a Visiting Research Fellow at the University of Khartoum’s Department of Islamic Studies for the 2014/2015 academic year.  His current research project considers the development of Maliki and Shafi’I legal thought in Sudan, addressing how each of these two juridical schools developed epistemologies, institutions, and textual communities of learning that have not been adequately studied in scholarship on Islam in Sudan.

Urban Seminars Series : Ingeborg Denissen

The first Urban Seminar was held at the Sharjah Hall of the University of Khartoum. Ingeborg Denissen presented the result of her research in front audience of 50 researchers , students and members of different NGO’s and embassies. The seminar was chaired by the coordinator of the CEDEJ Khartoum, Dr Alice Franck,  by the Dean of the Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences, Dr Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil, and by the Head of the department of Anthropology, Dr Mohamed Osman Mohamed. Ingeborg Denissen introduced her PhD research about « The challenges of rapid urbanization – a comparison between Mexico City and Khartoum ». She was scientifically supported during her thesis by the CEDEJ Khartoum. The event is co organized by the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies of the University of Khartoum, the Dutch Embassy and the CEDEJ.

Urban Seminar at the Sharjah Hall
Urban Seminar at the Sharjah Hall

You will find below a summary in English and in Arabic of her presentation

Summary Negotiating Urban Citizenship English

Summary Negotiating Urban Citizenship Arabic

The CEDEJ Cairo in Khartoum

The Director of the CEDEJ Cairo, M. Bernard Rougier, and M. Roman Stadnicky, researcher at the CEDEJ had visited Khartoum during November in order to meet the Khartoum team. During this work visit they attended a presentation of the team and researchers of the CEDEJ Khartoum, a conference at the University of Khartoum.

At the presentation of the CEDEJ team the participants were : Bernard Rougier (Director of CEDEJ), Alice Franck (Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum), Roman Stadnicki (Researcher at CEDEJ Cairo),  Elena Vezzadini (Associate researcher CEDEJ Khartoum, University of Bergen),  Franck Derrien (Associate researcher CEDEJ Khartoum), Guillaume Sauloup (PhD Candidate University Paris 1), Netsereab Andom (PhD Candidate University of Khartoum), Noah Hamza (PhD Candidate University of Khartoum), Azza Musatafa (PhD Candidate University of Khartoum), Nathalie Coste (PhD Candidate Science Po Paris), Laure Crombé (PhD Candidate University Paris X)

Presentation meeting at CEDEJ Khartoum
Presentation meeting at CEDEJ Khartoum

They also participated in different workshops with the coordinator of the Khartoum branch and the Embassy about the future of the CEDEJ Khartoum and to strengthen the relations and partnership between Cairo and Khartoum.

Bernard Rougier, Alice Franck, Khalid El Siddig
Bernard Rougier, Alice Franck, Khalid El Siddig


Conference Justice in Sudan and South Sudan at Durham University

The department of Law and the department of History of Durham organize a conference the 16 and 17 of December in Durham about the Justice in Sudan and South Sudan. The conference brings together interdisciplinary research from History and Anthropology to International Security.

The speakers include Professor Abdelsalam Babiker and Professor Munzul Assal from the University of Khartoum.






Accreditation to supervise research (HDR) – Eric Denis

Eric Denis, from the CNRS and part of the Lab GEO-CITE, has submitted the 1 of  December for his accreditation to supervise research a synthesis of his research entitle « Ville, urbanisation et propriété: Egypte, Sud Soudan et Inde » (« City, Urbanization and property: Egypt, South Sudan, India ») at the University Paris 1. This synthesis is the result of years of fieldwork in Egypt, South Sudan and India.

You will find more details in French in the document attached.


Seminar – Observatory of the Horn Of Africa

A workshop organized by the Observatory of the Horn of Africa (coord. LAM, DAS) was held on 24 November in Paris, and supported by CEDEJ Khartoum. The focus was on politic, religion and conflicts in the Horn of Africa. Three researchers associated to CEDEJ participated to the workshop: Alice Franck, CEDEJ Khartoum coordinator,  as president of one panels, Raphaelle Chevrillon-Guibert, associate researcher at CEDEJ Khartoum, presented a paper on  « The Sudanese Islamist Regime and the post-2011 economic crises »,  and Azza Mustafa Ahmed, a PhD student associate at CEDEJ presented a paper on « Islam and political parties in Sudan : The National Islamic Front ».

You will find further information in the document attached.

Programme Séminaire Observatoire Corne Afrique 24 Novembre 2014


Ongoing Research – Nathalie Coste

Nathalie E. Coste is a PhD candidate in Political Science and International Relations at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po Paris), affiliated with the Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Internationales (CERI).

She graduated from Sciences Po’s Research Master’s Degree in Political Science of International Relations in 2012. Her Master’s thesis focused on secessionist dynamics and state-building in Sudan and South Sudan.

She holds a scholarship position (doctoral contract, 2012-2015) and is a junior course lecturer (allocataire-monitrice) at Sciences Po Paris while advancing her PhD research.

The latter focuses on the impacts of (in)opportune interactions between local, regional and global stakeholders on separatism in Africa. It investigates the case of the Sudan(s), from 2002 to 2011. She wonders how come the creation of a new state ended up to be the only considered geopolitical solution to a civil conflict whose roots could, though, be accounted for by the nature of the institutional and political Sudanese state apparatus. It finally tries to highlight some of the paradoxes that one could identify by confronting local and international attitudes and processes.

Urban Seminars Series First Edition : 2 December Sharjah Hall

The first seminar on urban studies will take place in the Sharjah Hall of the University of Khartoum the 2 of December at 11am. Ingeborg Denissen will introduce her PhD research about « The challenges of rapid urbanization – a comparison between Mexico City and Khartoum ». She was scientifically supported during her thesis by the CEDEJ Khartoum. The event is co organized by the Faculty of Economic and Social Studies of the University of Khartoum, the Dutch Embassy and the CEDEJ.

You will find further information about the seminar in the file attached.

Flyer Urban Series Seminars Ingeborg Denissen


Ongoing research : Maai Youssef

After a first master’s degree in medieval african history in 2010 (CEMAf, Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne), Maaï Youssef holds a second master’s degree in sociology in 2014. Part of the Economic Crises, Migration and Development program in Egypt (ECOMIG), her research was focused on the syrian and sudanese refugees’ situation since 2011. The CEDEJ in Khartoum welcomed her for a short fieldwork there in march 2014. She was researching genesis of transnational networks of the sudanese political opposition of Darfur and Kordofan, that she was focused on in Cairo. She discussed her research during an helpful seminar at CEDEJ. She conducted fieldwork in Egypt, Sudan and Turkey. She is now researching comparatively the effects of the political context on syrian exiles in Egypt and Turkey, and keep a deep interest on the Sudanese case in an historical perspective. She is currently working on political commitment and transnational networks during an exile into an authoritarian context. Her PhD research is funded by Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne.

Call for Application: doctoral scholarship CEDEJ Khartoum / University of Khartoum

Application for doctoral scholarship in social sciences

Closing dates for applications: 15 December

The CEDEJ and the University Of Khartoum invites application for one year scholarships for PhD candidates in social sciences and humanities.


–          The candidate must be registered as a PhD candidate at the University of Khartoum.

–          The candidate must be in his/her first or second year of his PhD.

–          The PhD registration fees at the University of Khartoum will be charged to the applicant.

–          The scholarship is open to candidates in social sciences and humanities: sociology, geography, political science, anthropology, economy, law.

–          The candidate’s research topic must be related to one of the research themes suggested by the CEDEJ.

–          The candidates must have no other regular and substantial sources of funding.

–          The candidates must be fluent in English or French. The research could be conducted in Arabic.


This particular scholarship is a partnership between the University of Khartoum and the Center of studies and documentation in economy, law and social sciences (CEDEJ). The scholarship is a 12 month grant that allows students to do their research under the best possible conditions. The gross monthly income is 2000 SDG for research activities only. The successful candidate will have to present the progress of his research twice a year in PhD seminars organize at the CEDEJ center or at the University of Khartoum. The selected candidate will join the research team of the CEDEJ and will take part in the collective activities of the Centre.

Particular topics and themes suggested by the CEDEJ:

–          Reconfigurations of the North Sudan after the separation of the South.

–          Urban and Social processes of transformation.

–          Peripheral areas of the greater Khartoum conurbation.

–          Social mobilizations

–          Relations between Sudan and its neighbors (e.g. Central Africa) (International Relations, migrations, trade, borders, conflicts…)

Application and Selection

Application must be submitted in English before the 15 of November and must be constituted by the following pieces:

–          A  detailed curriculum vitae (including if applicable a list of works and publications)

–    A presentation of the applicant’s research project (5 pages maximum) including the issues at stake in the research, a methodology, a bibliography, and the applicant’s motivations.

–          A recommendation letter from the supervisor indicating the state of the research.

Applications must be sent electronically to cedejkhartoum@gmail.com.

Selection procedure:

A pre-selection of applicants will be set by CEDEJ

Pre-selected applicants will be interviewed by the selection committee

The final decision will be taken by the selection committee according to majority rule.

Composition of the selection committee:

–          Dr Musa Adam Abdul Jalil, Associate professor of Social Anthropology, Deputy Dean of academic affairs, University of Khartoum

–          Dr Alice Franck, coordinator of the CEDEJ, University Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne

–          Dr Ibtissam Sati, Deputy Dean faculty of Economics , University of Khartoum

–          Dr El Rasheed Hassan, Dean Faculty of law, University of Khartoum

Web site: https://www.cedej-eg.org/

Cedej blog : cedejsudan.hypotheses.org

British Museum: Research Fellowship in urgent anthropology: Sudan

Here you will find the call for application of the British Museum

Research Fellowship in Urgent Anthropology: Sudan

The British Museum and the Anthropologists’ Fund for Urgent Anthropological Research offer a Research Fellowship in Urgent Anthropology.  The Fellowship provides (non-salaried) financial support for an eighteen month period of field research and writing, with a specific focus on Sudan.

The Research Fellowship in Urgent Anthropology is designed to facilitate ethnographic research on peoples whose culture and language are currently threatened. The programme’s primary aim is to contribute to anthropological knowledge through detailed ethnography, and also if possible help the peoples being described in their particular circumstances. The British Museum will host the fellowship programme for three years from 2013, during which two Fellowships will be awarded.  This advertisement refers to the first of the two British Museum Fellowships; the second fellowship will be advertised in late 2014.

The British Museum Urgent Anthropology Fellowship Programme has a specific focus, on threatened Nile Valley communities in northern Sudan.  The 20th century riverine communities of northern Sudan and Nubia have been the subject of relatively little anthropological field research, and are facing radical transformations, brought about by a variety of infrastructural developments, including dam construction, the arrival of mobile technologies and changing foodways. These are village communities based on subsistence agriculture and date palm cash-cropping; Arabic is widely spoken, as is Nubian.

The British Museum currently runs three ongoing archaeological research projects, at Amara West near Abri; Kawa near modern Dongola; Dangeil near the cities of Berber and Abidiya. The first fellowship will be offered to an anthropologist proposing a fieldwork project in these areas of northern Sudan, thus availing of the necessary logistical support, assistance with research permits and access to communities.

The Fellowship makes it possible for a budgeted project to be carried out over about 18 months: this period to include both field research and writing-up. Fellows are required to spend part of their fellowship period in the field and part in the Museum, and where they are expected to contribute to its academic life. In the Museum, the fellows will be affiliated to both the Department of Africa, Oceania and the Americas, and the Department of Ancient Egypt and Sudan.

The Fellowship will provide £30,000 to be spent over 18 months, inclusive of all costs except overheads to be borne by the Museum for time spent in London, but exclusive of salary. The Fellowships, are awarded to post-doctoral applicants by open competition without restriction of nationality or residence. Applicants should send an application comprising project proposal (maximum 4 pages) including research plan and timeline, intended outputs and budget; a CV and two letters of reference. The budget should include all personal and research expenses (within Sudan and the UK), insurance, and costs of equipment necessary for the project.

The Urgent Anthropology Fund is managed through the Royal Anthropological Institute.

Please submit applications to AOA@britishmuseum.org

Closing date is 10 January 2014.

Call for application Les Afriques dans le monde: PhD research position

(English version below and attached)
Les Afriques dans le Monde (Sciences Po Bordeaux) lance un appel à candidatures pour l’attribution d’un contrat doctoral d’une durée de trois ans (prise de fonction prévue pour fin 2014-début 2015; 1500euros/mois). Le/la doctorant.e sélectionné.e réalisera une thèse de doctorat en science politique au sein du laboratoire Les Afriques dans le Monde et sera inscrit.e à l’école doctorale Société, Politique, Santé Publique (EDSP2). Il/elle sera intégré.e au programme de recherche portant sur les « Reconfigurations politiques, économiques et sociales dans la Corne de l’Afrique » (financé par le Conseil Régional d’Aquitaine).
Date limite des candidatures: 3 novembre 2014.
Voir le document joint pour davantage de détails.
The research institute Les Afriques dans le Monde (Africas in the World, Institute of Political Science, University of Bordeaux) is offering a three year Ph.D. research position as of December 2014/January 2015 (18000 euros/year). The Ph.D. candidate will be integrated in an interdisciplinary team with a focus on politics in Africa, and will work with the research program, « Reshaping Political and Socioeconomic Landscapes in the Horn of Arica ». He or she will be attached to the doctoral School of Society, Politics, an Public Health, University of Bordeaux. The doctoral research subject will focus on the analysis, including the stakes, of contemporary political, economic and social reconfigurations in the Horn of Africa.
Closing date: 3 November 2014.
See attached document for further details.

CEDEJ Khartoum