Vladimir Cayol holds a master’s degree in the field of Africa and the Middle East and International Cooperation from the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. He has been an intern in CEDEJ Khartoum where he has been assisting the coordinator with administrative tasks, and also working on migration issues from September 2017 to April 2018. He started working on this topic in EHESS while writing a research paper on the migration of Soninke people for his master’s degree in Anthropology.
In Sudan, his researches focused on the European Union’s migration policies and more specifically on the implementation of the European Union Trust Fund. This financial tool, which was financed by 3.4 Billion euros, aims at “addressing root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement”, protecting migrants along the migratory roads, and fighting against criminal networks which organize illegal migration. Vladimir organized a seminar at CEDEJ to present his work.
CEDEJ Khartoum is very pleased to announce that Netsereab Ghebremichael Andom successfully defended his PhD thesis on irregular youth migration from Eritrea on Tuesday 9th May 2017, at the University of Khartoum.
His examination commitee was composed of Professor Munzul Assal, Professor Leif Manger and Professor Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed.
Since 2015, CEDEJ Khartoum has supported Dr Netsereab Andom’s PhD research.
CEDEJ Khartoum is currently hosting Max Münch, a student in Anthropology at the University of Bayreuth. For his Master’s thesis, he conducted three months of fieldwork in a Quranic school in Northern Kordofan. In an immersive process, the research was based upon the multi-sensorial focal points of didactics, socialization and embodied knowledge. He participated in the daily learning routine to get access to the social and experiential ways of teaching, learning and knowing.
CEDEJ Khartoum is pleased to announce that several of its associate researchers and PhD students will participate in the international scientific conference “Borders and Territorial Reconfigurations in the Middle East and the Sahel”, organized by CEDEJ, to be held from January 30th to 31st, 2017, in Aswan, at the Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport.
Our associate researchers and PhD students will participate in the Panel 2 “Borders, mobilities and state making“, on January 30th.
Dr Hassan Elhagali, Professor of Political science at the University of Khartoum and Associate Researcher at CEDEJ Khartoum, will chair this panel.
Géraldine Pinauldt (IFG, univ. Paris 8) and Nathalie Coste (CERI- Sciences Po Paris/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present together a joint paper entitled “Somaliland et Soudan du Sud : Des précurseurs à la marge des bouleversements frontaliers au Moyen-Orient et au Sahel. Création d’Etat et identité(s) nationale(s), entre reconfiguration et statu quo”.
Netsereab Ghebremichael Andom (univ. of Khartoum/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present ” Migrant Influxes and their Implications to Border and Territorial Reconfigurations in SSA: The Case of Eritrea and Sudan”.
Bashir Shariff (univ. of Khartoum/CEDEJ Khartoum) will present “Thinking Islamic Borders in the Horn of Africa”.
The programme of the conference is available online : https://assouan2017.wordpress.com/
CEDEJ Khartoum is thankful to Institut Français for providing its support to fund the travel and stay to Aswan of these researchers and PhD students.
Jean-Nicolas Bach coordonne le CEDEJ Khartoum depuis octobre 2016 . Titulaire d’un doctorat en Science politique (2011), ses recherches s’intéressaient initialement à la pertinence à considérer la formation de l’Etat et les conflits à travers le prisme centre-périphérie. A partir du cas éthiopien, il s’est intéressé de façon large aux formations impériales, étatiques et nationales, et plus précisément aux façons dont les historiographies qui les accompagnent affectent la structuration du champ partisan. Ses recherches s’orientent dernièrement vers les problématiques liées à la démocratisation, aux situations autoritaires et aux différentes formes de violences politiques qui s’y exercent. Il coordonne avec Roland Marchal (CERI Sciences Po) l’ « Observatoire de l’Afrique de l’Est », financé par la DGRIS en partenariat avec l’Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI), le CFEE d’Addis-Abeba, l’IFRA de Nairobi, le CEDEJ du Caire, le CSBA, Les Afriques dans le Monde (Sciences Po Bordeaux) – http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est.
Jean-Nicolas Bach has been coordinating CEDEJ Khartoum since October 2016. He holds a PhD in Political Science (2011). His research used to focus on the relevance of the centre-periphery paradigm when it comes to study state formation and conflicts. Based on the Ethiopian case, he has been interested in imperial, state and nation formation, and how inherited historiographies have been affecting the formation of the party system. More recently, his research have been oriented towards democratization, authoritarian situations, and related forms of political violence. He is coordinating with Roland Marchal (CERI Sciences Po Paris) the Observatory of East Africa, in collaboration with the French Institute for international Relations, the French Research Institutes in the region (CFEE Addis Ababa, IFRA Nairobi, CEDEJ Cairo) and Les Afriques dans le Monde-Sciences Po Bordeaux: http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/content/observatoire-de-l-afrique-de-l-est.
Most researchers and students who contributed to this issue are affiliated to CEDEJ Khartoum.
South Sudan officially gained independence on the 9th July 2011. This was the outcome of the peace agreement signed in January 2005 and in accordance with the national referendum of January 2011. This historic event, which should have put an end on the historical conflict between the Northern and Southern regions and communities, constituted a real challenge in term of adaptation, resilience and innovation for the whole of the society. In this unprecedented context of the birth of a new national territory, and the remodelling of existing spatial and political configurations, South Sudan has logically been at the centre of attention – whether this be from political actors, researchers or humanitarian donors. However, the North has been profoundly affected by this rupture as well. The intention of this issue is to shed light on some of these transformations.
CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to organize the conference “Metropolization and Liminal Spaces in Greater Khartoum” on Sunday 30th October, 2016 at the University of Khartoum.
This conference heralded the end of a two-year research programme entitled “Metro 2 Sudan” and conducted by a Sudanese/international team of researchers and students from the CEDEJ Khartoum and from the University of Khartoum.
This research programme has received support from the AUF (Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie) as well as several other partners (Paris 8 University/LAVUE, the French ministry of Foreign Affairs/Campus France and the Sudanese ministry of Higher Education).
“Metro 2 Sudan” aimed at analyzing the interplay of actors and power relationships built around these areas that have a rural/urban interface in the Greater Khartoum. These spaces exist at various scales and in various inter-crossed parameters: functionally and economically, it refers to residential, industrial, agricultural, livestock or of “wasteland” areas; socio-spatially and in terms of housing, it refers to luxury compounds, former IDP camps, rural villages which were recently encompassed in the capital; administratively and legally, it refers to urban neighborhoods, rural or urban administrative units; socio-culturally and anthropologically, reconfigurations are varied, in regards to ethnic, tribal, religious and statutory affiliations.
[9:30-10 am] – INTRODUCTION
Alice FRANCK – Programme Coordinator (CEDEJ Khartoum/University Paris 1): METRO2 objectives, participants, partnerships, fieldworks
Barbara CASCIARRI – Co-coordinator (University Paris 8 – LAVUE): ethnographical and anthropological approaches of in-betweenness
[10-12 pm] – PANEL 1: IN-BETWEENNESS: THE WATERSHED OF 2011 AND THE CREATION OF TWO SUDANS. SOUTHERN-SUDANESES BEFORE AND AFTER SEPARATION
The first panel focuses on the situation of Southerners (living in Northern Sudan, notably in Greater Khartoum) after the separation of South Sudan. Though, more generally, we can question whether this major political event constitutes a globally meaningful and all-explanatory watershed, nonetheless it is a matter of fact that this category of people has more visibly been targeted by the post-2011 dynamics of change and marginalization. The panel papers share a twofold focus: first, the one on 2011 as a temporal dividing-line bringing to new configuration of Southerners who willingly or not passed from a status to another; second, the variety of in-between spaces in which they are caught as far as citizenship, territorial and land access, social relations and cultural perceptions are concerned.
Azza AHMED ABDEL AZIZ – The In-betweenness of Southerners in Khartoum: Recasting Different Registers of Status through Narrative and Experience
Mohamed AG BAKHIT – The ‘community’ citizenship status for Southern Sudanese in Khartoum. The case of Al-Baraka
Katarzyna GRABSKA – Negotiating citizenship and belonging in displacement: Nuer in Khartoum
Alice FRANCK – The second urban marginalization: Southerners in popular neighbourhoods of Greater Khartoum from a land property analysis
[12-1:30 pm] – **LUNCH BREAK**
[1:30-4 pm] –PANEL 2 – IN-BETWEENNESS: PLURAL EXPRESSIONS OF MATERIAL AND SYMBOLIC LIMINALITY. GEOGRAPHICAL, SOCIO-POLITICAL AND LEGAL IN-BETWEEN SPACES
The second panel focuses on the multiplicity of contemporary contexts in which Sudanese people are livingsituations where the fluidity of borders makes experience a status of in-betweenness at different levels and with various effects. The panel papers are not strictly focusing on the 2011 events as a breaking point, they rather underline the variety of situations where the notion of in-betweenness may be a useful analytical tool for understanding ongoing social realities: the relation between shifting urban and rural spaces, the transitional political arena, the identity processes influenced by marriage strategies, the legal pluralism and ambiguous land issues entangled with communities’ reconfigurations and rights.
President: Munzul ASSAL / Chairperson: Abdelghaffar MOHAMED AHMED
Barbara CASCIARRI & Alice FRANCK – Reconfigurations of the pastoral and agricultural in-betweenness in Khartoum State. Insights on the ‘urbanization of neoliberalism’
Clément DESHAYES – New socio-political actors: the stakes of categorisation and political reproduction
Peter MILLER – Whom to marry? An ethnographic study of marriage practices and strategies amongst upper-middle class city-dwellers
Hind M YUSUF – The Impact of urbanization on education processes: Youth’s life strategies in Al-Fatah
Mohamed A BABIKER – Between Law and Practices. Rendering vulnerable displaced and stateless on issues of land and identity
[4–4:30 pm] – **COFFEE BREAK**
[4:30–5:30 pm] – CONCLUSIONS
Stella GAYTANO – Identity
ROUNDTABLE AND DEBATE: SYNTHESIS AND PERSPECTIVES (moderator: Jean-Nicolas BACH, Coordinator of CEDEJ Khartoum)
CEDEJ Khartoum was happy to support Dr Hassan Elhaj Ali’s participation to the conference “The changing character of Africa’s armed forces” (Les nouveaux visages des armées africaines), held by IRSEM in Paris (Ecole militaire), on October 5-6th 2016.
Dr Hassan Elhaj Ali, Dean of the faculty of Economic and Social Sciences at the University of Khartoum and associate researcher in CEDEJ Khartoum, presented a paper entitled “Embedded Uniforms: Militias and the Army in Sudan’s Civil Wars“.
L’ActUF est une revue biannuelle publiée par le Bureau Moyen-Orient (BMO) de l’Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF) en mars et septembre de chaque année.
Dans leur rubrique “Nos partenaires ont la parole” du numéro de septembre 2016, le BMO a publié le témoignage du CEDEJ-Khartoum sur son programme de recherche “METRO 2 Soudan : Métropolisation et espaces « d’entre-deux », Jeux d’acteurs, dynamiques de pouvoir et reconfigurations identitaires dans
l’agglomération du Grand-Khartoum”.
CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to organize a meeting on September 25th between its researchers/students and Dr Hamit Bozarslan.
Hamit Bozarslan was born in 1958 in Lice, in Turkey. He holds a PhD in history from the School of Higher Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS), Paris and a PhD in Political Science from the Institute of Political Studies (IEP). His main areas of research interests are: Turkey, the Kurdish issue, minorities in the Middle-East, history and sociology of violence in the Middle-East.
Hamit Bozarslan was a research fellow at the Marc Bloch Centre (Berlin) between 1995 and 1997 and a visiting scholar at Princeton in 1998. He was nominated associate professor (1998) and director of studies (2006) at the EHESS. He co-led the IISMM (Institute for the study of Islam and Muslim societies worldwide) between 2002 and 2008. Hamit Bozarslan is currently Director of Studies at the EHESS (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales) in Paris. His most recent publications include Comprendre le génocide des arméniens, de 1915 à nos jours, with Raymond Kevorkian and Vincent Duclert (Paris, Tallandier, 2015), Histoire de la Turquie de l’Empire à nos jours (Paris, Tallandier, 2013), Sociologie politique du Moyen-Orient (Paris, La Découverte, 2011) and Passions révolutionnaires. Amérique latine, Moyen-Orient, Inde (with Gilles Bataillon & Christophe Jaffrelot, Paris, Éditions de l’EHESS, 2011).
On August 23rd, CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to organize a seminary on migration issues, through different perspectives, with the participation of:
Dr Idris Salam Hassan, Professor of Anthropology at the University of Khartoum and at the University of Africa, with a strong interest on migration/refugees/internally displaced people;
Ester Serra Mingot, PhD Candidate at the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences in Maastricht University. She introduced her fieldwork in Sudan with Sudanese families, for her PhD on « Transnational Social Protection. How Sudanese migrants in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom and their families in Sudan make use of social protection, locally and transnationally »;
Miralyne Zeghnoune, a Master 2 student in development practices at Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University. She presented her fieldwork in Sudan about Sudanese migrants. She initially started her fieldwork in France where she collected data on Sudanese migrants (migratory route, reasons for leaving, future projects, connections with the family in Sudan, etc.). In Khartoum, she has been studying these migrants’ family and entourage (initial project, administrative procedures, contacts with the migrant, etc.).
Alice Koumurian, Project Officer in CEDEJ Khartoum, introduced her fieldwork about the Syrian migrants who arrived after 2011 in Khartoum.
Coordination of CEDEJ Khartoum : Dr Jean-Nicolas BACH
Email : email@example.com
Since 2011,CEDEJKhartoum has supportedseveral visiting/Sudanese researchers andstudents. The natureof this supportvaries,andisbased onthe request, on the evaluation of thedossierpresentedand on the resources available.
Depuis 2011, le CEDEJ Khartoum a apporté son soutien à plusieurs chercheurs et étudiants de passage ainsi qu’à des chercheurs et doctorants soudanais. La nature de ce soutien est variable, et est déterminée en fonction de la demande formulée, de l’évaluation qui est faite du dossier présenté et des ressources disponibles.
Visiting researchers and students
Chercheurs et étudiants de passage
Katarzyna (Kasia) Grabska, PhD, social anthropologist. Senior Research Fellow at the Global Migration Centre of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. She received her PhD in Development Studies/Anthropology from the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex, UK. Her research focuses on gender, generation, youth, displacement, refuges, return, and identities. For her PhD, I analyzed social transformations in the context of forced displacement and return among southern Sudanese refugees. She is particularly interested in intersections of power, gender identities and gender and generational relations in forced displacement situations and the impact of (forced) migration on youth. Recently, she has been developing a strand of work around narratives of displacement and refugeness, and urban displacement. Prior to entering academia, Kasia worked and researched in the humanitarian field on issues of human rights, migration, and refugees in Guinea, Cambodia and Vietnam. She then moved in Egypt where she engaged in research among urban refugees. Consequently, she carried out research in Lebanon, Ghana, Kyrgyzstan, Sudan, and South Sudan, refugee livelihoods, access to rights, social transformations and displacement, and adolescent girls’ migration in the Middle East and East Africa. Kasia used visual media, feminist methodologies, and participatory methodologies in fieldwork. Since 2002, she has been carrying out a longitudinal study of gender relation transformations among Nuer from South Sudan in Egypt, Kenya, South Sudan and in Khartoum. She recently completed a three year long research analyzing adolescent girls migration and displacement in Sudan. Grabska published widely in academic journals as well as has made documentary films. Her most recent film was made in collaboration with a team of researchers and filmmakers, and is called Time to look at girls: migrants in Ethiopia and Bangladesh. She is the author of Gender, Identity and Home: Nuer repatriation to South Sudan (2014) which received the Armory Talbot Prize in 2015 and co-editor of Forced Migration: Why Rights Matter? (2008).
Azza Ahmed Abdel aziz – Azza Ahmed Abdel Aziz holds a Ph. D in Social and Medical anthropology gained in 2013 from the department of Sociology and Anthropology, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Her research interests focus on cultural understandings of health, which largely feature an exploration of the interface between such understandings and bio-medical configurations of health. Dr. Aziz’s work focuses on how different individuals and groups access health on a continuum ranging from therapeutics based on cultural beliefs to those based on scientific epistemologies. She has in-depth experience working on these issues among southern Sudanese and South Sudanese individuals and groups of people displaced in Khartoum whose lives have been subject to experiences of movement/migration in different forms. She has also worked with victims of torture in London.
Hind Mahmud Youssef – Hind Mahmud Youssef has been studying food technology at Jezirah University. However, her research interests has evolved: she obtained a master degree at Ahfad university on gender studies (she wrote her master thesis on the socio-economic impacts of fistula in Sudan). She is currently a Phd student on development studies with a gender perspective at Ahfad University for Women. She is also contributing to our research programme METRO 2 SOUDAN.
Nadine Rea Intisar Adam – Since 2014, she is Ph.D Candidate at the International Max Planck Research School on Retaliation, Mediation and Punishment (REMEP), based at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle/Saale, she is also a member of the LOST (Law, Organisation, Science and Technology) research group at University of Halle-Wittenberg. Her doctoral dissertation project is: « Gender and Art in the Quest for Peace. Women’s Involvement in Peace Building and the Role of Art in Peace Processes in Sudan ».
CEDEJ Khartoum was pleased to receive on January 12th, 2016 Dr Stéphane Lacroix, for his seminar “Fieldwork on Islamism: Methodological Issues”.
Dr Stéphane Lacroix is an expert on the Arab World and holds a PhD in political science. He is currently a professor at Sciences Po University and is equally affiliated to CEDEJ Cairo as a senior researcher. His research primarily focuses on political authoritarianism and on the resistance it generates, on social movements and on the relationship between Islam and politics in the contemporary era. Islamist movements lie at the heart of his research, both from the sociological perspective of mobilizations and that of intellectual history. His authoritative fieldwork sites are Saudi Arabia and Egypt. ◼